This is an action by the United States, through its Department of the Army, against the Interstate Commerce Commission and the United States. It seeks to set aside the Commission's order of June 1, 1953, in a proceeding known as United States of America v. Aberdeen & Rockfish Railroad Company, et al., Docket No. 30989, reported at 289 I.C.C. 49. In that order the Commission dismissed a complaint in which the United States sought a determination that the refusal of the railroads named defendants therein to pay an allowance for wharfage and handling on military traffic passing through Army Base Piers in Norfolk, Virginia, on and after May 1, 1951, constitutes a violation of the Interstate Commerce Act. It also sought a cease and desist order against such practices in the future. The railroads named defendants in the Commission proceeding have been permitted to intervene herein.
Upon consideration of the record herein, briefs, and argument of counsel, we conclude that the Commission's order of June 1, 1953, is supported by adequate findings; that these findings, in turn, are supported by substantial evidence in the record, particularly the testimony of plaintiff's own witnesses; that the record amply supports the finding that plaintiff has not been accorded different treatment from any other shipper under the same or similar circumstances and has not been subjected to any unlawful discrimination; that the findings form a rational basis for the Commission's ultimate conclusion that failure and refusal of the defendants to absorb wharfage and handling costs on the complainant's traffic moving over its piers at Norfolk on and since May 1, 1951, had not been shown to have subjected or to subject the complainant to the payment of rates and charges which were or are unjust, unreasonable, or otherwise unlawful. We further find that the Commission did not fail to consider material evidence of record; that the Commission did not misapply or act contrary to any principle of law; and therefore the Commission's order was not arbitrary or capricious or contrary to law. Detailed and step-by-step discussion and analysis of the bases for these conclusions would be repetitive and would needlessly burden an already overburdened record, and no useful purpose would be served thereby.
The opinion of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in United States v. Interstate Commerce Commission, 1952, 91 U.S.App.D.C. 178, 198 F.2d 958, in a prior proceeding involving wharfage and handling costs at the same Army Base piers during World War II, upon which plaintiff heavily relies, does not impel reversal of the Commission's order in this case. The tariffs here under consideration,
which are the sole basis of plaintiff's action, are materially different. They specifically and clearly define the conditions under which wharfage and handling are included in the freight rates. The shipments of the United States here in question do not conform to those conditions. Hence, under such circumstances, the United States, like any other shipper similarly situated, is not entitled to such terminal services or any allowance therefor. The record before the Commission and the Commission's findings in the instant case are not inadequate, as they were held to be in the earlier proceeding,
and the facts herein are vitally different.
As shown by the Commission's report of June 1, 1953, the Commission in this proceeding took careful notice of the Court's opinion in the prior case and conformed to the legal principles therein stated, insofar as they were applicable to the facts of the proceeding before it.
For the foregoing reasons, we hold that the order of the Interstate Commerce Commission must be sustained and the complaint herein dismissed.