The opinion of the court was delivered by: YOUNGDAHL
This is a suit by the beneficiary of a life insurance policy against the defendant insurance company for the proceeds of a $ 50,000 policy purchased by plaintiff's husband while en route from Korea to his home in Maryland. The issue is whether the flight which crashed, killing plaintiff's husband, was within the risks covered by the policy.
Salvatore Messina, a civilian employee of the Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, was employed as a construction representative in Seoul, Korea, in January, 1960. Due to a reduction in force, Mr. Messina was ordered back to his home in Brentwood, Maryland. His travel from Seoul, Korea, to Maryland was pursuant to Government travel orders. Mr. Messina travelled from Korea to Tachikawa Air Force Base, Japan, and there he purchased from the defendant herein a policy of insurance in the face amount of $ 50,000, naming his wife as beneficiary. He mailed the policy to his wife at his home address. Mr. Messina flew from Tachikawa Air Force Base to Travis Air Force Base, California, on a commercial air carrier on a flight contracted for by the Military Air Transport Service (MATS). Upon his arrival at Travis, on January 25, 1960, Mr. Messina purchased, with a Government transportation request, a ticket on a United Airlines flight from San Francisco International Airport to Washington, D.C. Mr. Messina also purchased, with $ 15 of his own money, a ticket on a flight operated by Travis Transportation Company, Inc., from Travis to San Francisco International Airport; Travis and San Francisco Airport are about sixty-seven miles apart, and the flight was by 'air-taxi' -- a non-scheduled service operating between the two airports. The plane on which Mr. Messina was riding crashed en route to San Francisco International Airport, and Mr. Messina suffered fatal injuries. The plaintiff, his widow, gave timely notice to the defendant and submitted the required proof of loss within the ninety-day period after Mr. Messina's death. On March 16, 1960, the defendant notified Mrs. Messina that it denied her claim on the ground that Mr. Messina was not covered under the terms of the policy. Thereafter the plaintiff filed her suit herein.
The sole issue is whether the fatal flight was covered by the insurance policy which Mr. Messina purchased.
On the first page of the four-page form contract, the following words appear at the top in bold-face:
'This Policy is Nonrenewable and Provides Benefits for Loss of Life, Limb or Sight and Other Specified Losses Resulting from Accidental Bodily Injuries Received While a Passenger on Scheduled Airlines and Other Specified Conveyances or While on the Premises of an Airport to the Extent Herein Provided.' (Emphasis added.)
Then follows a 'SCHEDULE,' on which the purchaser fills in his name and address, the beneficiary's name and address, the point of departure, the destination, and the amount of the policy, the effective date, and the premium. On Mr. Messina's policy, the point of departure was listed as 'TAW,' which is the symbol for Tachikawa Air Force Base, Japan; the destination was listed as Washington, D.C.
'In consideration of the payment of the premium shown in the Schedule, the Association, subject to the provisions, limitations and exceptions of this policy, hereby insures the person named as Insured in the Schedule against loss of life, limb or sight and other specified losses resulting, independently of all other causes, from injuries. The term 'injuries', wherever used in this policy, shall mean accidental bodily injuries received during any portion of the first one way or round trip which is made by the Insured, while this policy is in force, between the Point of Departure and the Destination designated in the Schedule and for which the Insured has purchased a transportation ticket or has been issued a pass; provided such injuries are received (1) while riding as a passenger in, boarding or alighting from, or by being struck by an aircraft operated on a regular, special or chartered flight (a) by a scheduled airline of United States Registry holding a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity issued by the Civil Aeronautics Board of the United States of America or its successors, (b) by an intrastate scheduled airline of United States Registry maintaining regular published schedules and licenses for the transportation of passengers by a duly constituted authority having jurisdiction over civil aviation in the state in which said airline operates, (c) by a scheduled airline of foreign registry maintaining regular published schedules and licenses for transportation of passengers by the duly constituted governmental authority having jurisdiction over civil aviation in the country of registry of such airline, (d) by, or contracted for by, the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) of the United States, (e) by the Royal Canadian Air Force Air Transport Command or the Royal Air Force Air Transport Command of Great Britain, or (f) by the 315th or 322nd Air Divisions or the 5060th Transportation Squadron of the United States Air Force; or (2) while in or upon any premises or surface vehicle used for passengers and provided or arranged for by such airline or the authorities controlling an established airport, but only while the Insured is in or upon such premises or surface vehicle for the purpose of beginning, continuing or completing the air trip designated in the Schedule.' (Emphasis added.)
All of the above provisions are in black ink, except for the portions of the 'SCHEDULE' filled in with blue ink. In addition, in very light-faced, pale green printing, the following words appear:
This Policy Is Limited To Aircraft Accidents on Scheduled Airlines'
These words are set on a diagonal and are covered with the small black type of the long contractual provision set out above, making both the green printing and the black printing over it difficult to read. A casual reader would be likely to fail to read the green type at all.
The issue in this case is whether the fatal flight was 'a regular, special or chartered flight * * * contracted for by, the Military Air Transport Service (MATS) * * *,'
since none of the other specified types of flights applies.