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BUSINESSMEN AFFECTED SEVERELY BY THE YEARLY ACTION

March 15, 1972

BUSINESSMEN AFFECTED SEVERELY BY the YEARLY ACTION PLANS, INC. (BASYAP), Plaintiffs,
v.
D.C. CITY COUNCIL et al., Defendants


John Lewis Smith, Jr., District Judge.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: SMITH, JR.

JOHN LEWIS SMITH, JR., District Judge.

 FINDINGS OF FACT

 1. Plaintiff is a non-profit corporation whose members are property owners, business operators and tenants of properties located within the downtown urban renewal area which are to be acquired and disposed of by defendant District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency in connection with the Second and Third Year Action Plans for the downtown portion of the Neighborhood Development Program in the District of Columbia.

 2. Defendant District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency (RLA) is a federal agency established under the District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Act of 1945. It is empowered to acquire real property for the development of project areas in the District of Columbia, dispose of that property, and to accept financial assistance under Title I of the Federal Housing Act of 1949, as amended. Individual defendants Mister, Stone and Clark are, respectively, Executive Director, Assistant Executive Director for Neighborhood Development Projects, and Downtown Project Director of RLA.

 3. Defendant Romney is Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which renders financial assistance to local public agencies for redevelopment projects.

 4. The District of Columbia City Council is the local governing body of the District of Columbia and its approval is required for all applications by RLA for federal financial assistance.

 5. The National Capital Planning Commission (NCPC) is an independent federal agency created under 40 U.S.C. ยง 71(a) to prepare, adopt and amend comprehensive plans for the national capital, serve as the central planning agency for, and adopt boundaries of, redevelopment project areas and plans for the project areas. Action by NCPC is a requisite for exercise by RLA of its authority to acquire and dispose of real property for the redevelopment of the project area.

 6. On January 9, 1969, after a two year RLA study financed by HUD, NCPC approved the downtown urban renewal plan. On January 28, 1969 the City Council voted to approve that general downtown plan.

 7. On April 2, 1970 NCPC adopted modifications to the downtown plan to designate for acquisition all or part of squares 288, 289, 319 and 455, which lie within the downtown urban renewal area. On June 25, 1970 the City Council adopted a resolution approving those modifications. HUD subsequently entered into a funding agreement with RLA for the acquisition phase, or Second Year Action Plan, of the downtown program.

 8. On January 18, 1972 the City Council approved acquisition controls for an additional site, square 252, and approved disposition controls for properties within squares 252, 288, 289, 319 and 455, in connection with the downtown urban renewal project. This disposition phase is the Third Year Action Plan. HUD funding of the Third Year Action Plan cannot be undertaken until formal agency approval of the disposition controls adopted by the City Council.

 9. Those disposition controls cannot be complied with without demolition of existing structures located on those sites, most of which are three and four story buildings housing small shops and businesses, and the construction of multi-story office buildings of at least 110 feet in height, or up to the maximum height permitted by law.


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