The opinion of the court was delivered by: SMITH, JR.
John Lewis Smith, Jr., District Judge.
Plaintiffs bring this action to enjoin defendants from proceeding in any manner to impose or collect a disposal charge on refuse haulers pursuant to District of Columbia Council Regulation No. 71-21. On March 24, 1972 this matter came before the Court on plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction and cross-motions for summary judgment.
Plaintiff Metropolitan D.C. Refuse Haulers Association is an unincorporated association of refuse collection and hauling firms operating within the District of Columbia. The corporate plaintiffs engage in the collection and hauling of refuse from commercial establishments and governmental agencies within the District.
Defendant Walter E. Washington is the Mayor of the District and defendants James P. Alexander and William E. McKinney are Director of Environmental Services and Director of Solid Waste Management Administration, respectively.
The regulations at issue here, entitled "Solid Waste Disposal Regulations," were promulgated by the Council on July 29, 1971 to establish standards for storage, collection, transportation and disposal of solid wastes, thus promoting the health, safety and welfare of residents and enhancing and improving the environment. Section 8-3:606 of Regulation No. 71-21 provides, inter alia, that a license is required for each vehicle engaged in the collection or transportation of solid wastes and that, in addition to the license fee, each licensee shall pay no less than $5 per ton for solid waste disposal provided at any District owned, operated or contracted facility. The $5 per ton disposal charge, which plaintiffs seek to enjoin, became effective on January 19, 1972.
Plaintiffs claim that the Council did not have the authority to impose the disposal charge and that the charge is violative of equal protection and due process. Plaintiffs urge that even if the Court were to find that the Council had authority to enact that provision of Regulation No. 71-21, summary judgment cannot be granted to defendants because material issues of fact remain in connection with their constitutional claims.
The Council has the power to require licenses of businesses which, in its judgment, require inspection, supervision or regulation and to fix license fees commensurate with the costs of such inspection, supervision or regulation. Section 47-2344, D.C. Code (1967 ed.).
More recently, in the District of Columbia Air Pollution Control Act, Section 6-811 et seq., D.C. Code (Supp. IV, 1971), Congress empowered the Council to take such action as is necessary to protect and enhance the quality of the District's air resource. That statute mandates the Council to provide regulations for solid waste disposal and salvage operations.
Plaintiffs' constitutional claim, basically, is that the regulation arbitrarily and unreasonably imposes the disposal charge only upon commercial refuse haulers. They claim that governmental agencies, which will be exempt from the charge, may haul their own refuse, to plaintiffs' detriment; that where they have already entered into contracts with customers the disposal charge represents a taking of their property without due process; and that they will be made to bear an unfair burden because commercial haulers use only landfills, which are operated by the District for a per ton cost of much less than $5, whereas the District, which is exempt from the charge uses incinerators for the disposal of residential refuse at a per ton cost of substantially more than $5.
Congress has distinguished between residential refuse, which is collected by the District, and refuse which is collected by commercial haulers such as plaintiffs. In the Appropriations Act for 1961 (Public Law 86-412, 74 Stat. 17) Congress provided that the appropriation would not be available for the collection of refuse from hotels, businesses or certain multiple dwelling buildings. That restriction on the use of funds by the District has been carried forward in subsequent appropriation measures through the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972. That restriction and the statutory delegations of authority discussed earlier reveal a legislative purpose to grant the Council broad authority to regulate the collection and disposal of nonresidential refuse. Those legislative enactments also make it apparent that the Council did not act in an arbitrary or unreasonable manner in imposing the disposal charge on haulers of refuse collected from other than residences and that such action is in accord with the intent of Congress.
Therefore, it appearing to the Court that the District of Columbia Council had authority to enact Regulation No. 71-21, that plaintiffs' constitutional challenge is without merit, and that there are no ...