and usual police regulations . . . as they may deem necessary for the protection of lives, limbs, health, comfort and quiet of all persons . . . within the District of Columbia." Further, the Council is specifically authorized to enact necessary regulations for the collection and disposition of refuse, conduct any or all of the operations necessary for collection and disposal, and provide for penalties to secure enforcement. Sections 6-501 & 504, D.C. Code (1967 ed.).
The Council has the power to require licenses of businesses which, in its judgment, require inspection, supervision or regulation and to fix license fees commensurate with the costs of such inspection, supervision or regulation. Section 47-2344, D.C. Code (1967 ed.).
More recently, in the District of Columbia Air Pollution Control Act, Section 6-811 et seq., D.C. Code (Supp. IV, 1971), Congress empowered the Council to take such action as is necessary to protect and enhance the quality of the District's air resource. That statute mandates the Council to provide regulations for solid waste disposal and salvage operations.
Plaintiffs' constitutional claim, basically, is that the regulation arbitrarily and unreasonably imposes the disposal charge only upon commercial refuse haulers. They claim that governmental agencies, which will be exempt from the charge, may haul their own refuse, to plaintiffs' detriment; that where they have already entered into contracts with customers the disposal charge represents a taking of their property without due process; and that they will be made to bear an unfair burden because commercial haulers use only landfills, which are operated by the District for a per ton cost of much less than $5, whereas the District, which is exempt from the charge uses incinerators for the disposal of residential refuse at a per ton cost of substantially more than $5.
Congress has distinguished between residential refuse, which is collected by the District, and refuse which is collected by commercial haulers such as plaintiffs. In the Appropriations Act for 1961 (Public Law 86-412, 74 Stat. 17) Congress provided that the appropriation would not be available for the collection of refuse from hotels, businesses or certain multiple dwelling buildings. That restriction on the use of funds by the District has been carried forward in subsequent appropriation measures through the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972. That restriction and the statutory delegations of authority discussed earlier reveal a legislative purpose to grant the Council broad authority to regulate the collection and disposal of nonresidential refuse. Those legislative enactments also make it apparent that the Council did not act in an arbitrary or unreasonable manner in imposing the disposal charge on haulers of refuse collected from other than residences and that such action is in accord with the intent of Congress.
Therefore, it appearing to the Court that the District of Columbia Council had authority to enact Regulation No. 71-21, that plaintiffs' constitutional challenge is without merit, and that there are no material issues of fact, it is this 28th day of March, 1972
Ordered that defendants' motion for summary judgment be and it hereby is granted, and it is further
Ordered that plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment be and it hereby is denied and that plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction be dismissed as moot.
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