himself, much of it in court. As often happens, however, some of the effort was unsuccessful, particularly in the initial stages of the case where an attempt was made to join the Attorney General as a party and to revamp the complaint in the light of Court developments. It seems appropriate, accordingly, to discount the time logged in all instances by a factor of ten percent.
As far as the appropriate time charge is concerned, Mr. Stitser, under contract with the Tribe, has done work from time to time below his normal charges at the rate of $30 an hour. Because the other attorneys have been employed by NARF, they are unable to show any customary time charge to be considered. Mr. Stitser was the lead attorney although much of the work was done by Mr. Pelcyger. The Court has determined to compute fees to be awarded at the rate of $30 an hour for all attorneys, regardless of whether they did or did not log time in court. As all experienced attorneys realize, this charge, in the light of current conditions, is at the very bottom of the scale but the nature of the case and the circumstances under which the lawyers undertook the work justify the Court in fixing the fees at this bedrock minimum. Accordingly, the award to the Tribe will be for 722 hours of Mr. Stitser's time at $30 an hour, or $21,660, and to the NARF attorneys for 1,829 hours, at $30 an hour, or $54,870, making a total award for attorneys' fees of $76,530.
As far as incidental attorneys' expenses are concerned, the claim is limited to two matters: first, minimal travel expenses incurred by the attorneys attending court sessions, conferring with Government representatives, and the like. In addition, a claim is made for fees paid to expert witnesses, Woodward-Clevenger & Associates and Clyde-Criddle-Woodward, Inc. The attorneys' travel expenses are clearly appropriate and should be awarded as incidental expenses in the amount of $2,669.92 to Mr. Stitser, and $6,508.57 to the NARF attorneys.
A special comment or two is appropriate with respect to the fees of the expert witnesses, which include travel and expenses in the field, as well as other non-taxable costs related to the testimony given by individuals connected with the concerns retained. The outstanding qualifications of the experts was never challenged in court. The testimony they developed required detailed field experience and investigation. Much of the work performed would not have been required if the Secretary of the Interior had come forward with its experts to provide information which the Court had indicated it desired in order to resolve the issues. The plaintiff's experts played a vital role in the resolution of the case, their work and testimony going to the heart of the matter. Accordingly, it seems entirely appropriate to award their fees as scheduled in the total amount of $20,488.72, making the award to the Tribe for all incidental expenses which are to be reimbursed by the Tribe to the claimants in the amount of $29,667.31. An appropriate form of order carrying out these determinations is attached. The motion of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians for attorneys' fees and other expenses is granted to the extent set forth above.
On consideration of plaintiff's motion for attorneys' fees and other incidental expenses, the Court, for reasons set forth in an accompanying Memorandum, grants the motion and directs that the Secretary of the Interior shall pay to plaintiff a total sum of $106,197.31, which amount is to be disbursed by plaintiff, upon receipt, for attorneys' fees and incidental expenses as scheduled below:
To Robert D. Stitser, Esquire $24,329.92
To Native American Rights Fund $61,378.57
To Woodward-Clevenger & Associates $19,341.65
To Clyde-Criddle-Woodward, Inc. $ 1,147.07
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