The opinion of the court was delivered by: GESELL
Plaintiff invokes the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552, and seeks to compel production of certain records from the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and one of its constituent agencies, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). An injunction and declaratory judgment are sought. Plaintiff's written request for production, inspection and copying of specified records has been fully processed through appropriate administrative channels and the issues are accordingly properly before the Court, which has jurisdiction under 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(3).
On April 13, 1973, plaintiff requested, with detailed specification, documents relating to eleven designated research grants by the Psychopharmacology Research Branch of NIMH for studies on the drug treatment of children with learning difficulties or behavioral disorders, particularly hyperkinesis. All but two of the research grants involve the use of one or a combination of stimulant or anti-depressant drugs, including methylphenidate (Ritalin), dextroamphetamine, thioridazine and imipramine, on selected school age and/or pre-school children.
Following a series of conferences and administrative actions, which need not be reviewed here in any detail, a considerable number of documents were furnished. However, as of July 27, 1973, the following categories of documents were still being withheld, and it is upon these that the litigation has finally focused:
(a) with regard to previously approved grant applications, the narrative statement and any related exhibits describing in detail the research plan to be followed (sometimes referred to as the research protocol or research design);
(b) with regard to previously approved continuation, renewal or supplemental applications, the comprehensive progress reports describing the results and accomplishments of the projects since the last such report;
(c) the entire text of all site visit reports and "pink sheets" prepared by outside consultants and NIMH staff during the agency review of the applications;
(d) the entire text of all continuation and renewal applications which have not yet been approved.
For the purposes of analysis, these various documents will be referred to simply as grant applications, site visit reports, and "pink sheets."
After some discovery, the matter came before the Court for final hearing under an arrangement developed at a status conference. The parties presented in camera a portion of a single grant file marked to show the type of information defendant believes may properly be withheld under the Act. This file, as marked, was also given plaintiff informally. It was agreed that the determinations made by the Court based on this example would control the disposition as to other similar material covered by plaintiff's request and presently withheld. After the record was completed, the parties presented argument and were allowed to file post-trial briefs.
Before turning to the conflicting interpretations of the Freedom of Information Act presented by the parties, the nature of the material requested must be elaborated and its significance in the chain of the grant process explained.