UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
March 28, 1978
Marvin R. BROADBENT et al., Plaintiffs,
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES et al., Defendants.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: ROBINSON, JR.
This matter has come before the Court on Defendants' request for certification in order to take an interlocutory appeal, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b), from this Court's Order dated January 25, 1978, denying Defendants' motion to quash service of summons and to dismiss the Complaint herein on jurisdictional grounds. The Court has received memoranda filed by various international organizations as Amici curiae in support of Defendants' motion for certification.
Plaintiffs have filed an opposition to defendants' request for certification. The Court has considered the motion for certification, the opposition thereto and the entire record in this case, and has reconsidered the basis for its earlier ruling in the suit. For the reasons discussed below, the Court concludes that the Order dated January 25, 1978, must be vacated and this action must be dismissed.
On January 25, 1978, this Court held that the express language of 22 U.S.C. § 288a(b) and the statutory purposes underlying the International Organizations Immunities Act of 1945 bring international organizations within the terms of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, and that pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1330 this Court had jurisdiction over the parties and controversy involved in the case. Upon careful review of that decision, that Court finds that it did not properly weigh the fact that international organizations, and particularly the Organization of American States, are creatures of treaty and by virtue of treaty stand in a different position with respect to the issue of immunity than sovereign nations.
The Court is persuaded that international organizations are immune from every form of legal process except insofar as that immunity is expressly waived by treaty or expressly limited by statute. The Court is further persuaded that this Court has jurisdiction over lawsuits involving international organizations only insofar as such jurisdiction is expressly provided for by statute.
The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 makes no mention of international organizations. The jurisdictional grant of 28 U.S.C. § 1330 refers only to foreign states. Nothing in the International Organizations Immunities Act of 1945 provides for jurisdiction in the district courts over civil actions against international organizations. The Court is persuaded upon reexamination of the arguments of the parties in connection with Defendants' motion to dismiss the Complaint that the construction of the International Organizations Immunities Act of 1945 and the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 which this Court adopted in its Order dated January 25, 1978, was overly broad. The Court concludes that it lacks jurisdiction over this matter and that the action must be dismissed.