UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
September 29, 1978
Alton & Southern Railway Co. et al., Plaintiffs
Brotherhood of Railway, Airline and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station Employees, Defendant; United States of America, Plaintiff v. Brotherhood of Railway, Airline and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station Employees, et al. Defendants
The opinion of the court was delivered by: ROBINSON, JR.
TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER
This action is before the Court on Plaintiffs'* Motions for a Temporary Restraining Order and upon Defendant's Cross-Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order. This Court has considered the written and oral arguments of counsel, and the entire record herein, and concludes that both Plaintiffs' and Defendant's Motions for Temporary Restraining Orders must be granted.
Defendant is currently engaged in a labor dispute with Plaintiff Norfolk & Western Railway Company ("N&W"),
involving proposed changes in the scope of the parties' bargaining agreement under the Railway Labor Act, 45 U.S.C. §§ 151, et seq. ("RLA"). On July 10, 1978, Defendant BRAC began to engage in a work stoppage against N&W, and that work stoppage has since spread to other Plaintiff railroads.
Pursuant to 45 U.S.C. § 160, the National Mediation Board determined that the aforementioned dispute "threatens substantially to interrupt interstate commerce to a degree such as to deprive a section of the country of essential transportation services, " and reported its findings to the President.
Thereupon, the President created an Emergency Board to investigate and report respecting the dispute.
45 U.S.C. § 160 provides in part:
After the creation of such board and for thirty days after such board has made its report to the President, no change, except by agreement, shall be made by the parties to the controversy in the conditions out of which the dispute arose.
The issue involved in both Plaintiffs' and Defendant's Motions concerns the construction which should be given to this provision. Plaintiff carriers contend that the "conditions out of which the dispute arose" include the fact that no work stoppage had occurred at the time the N&W BRAC dispute arose.
Plaintiffs' contention is correct. Detroit & Toledo Shore Line R.R. Co. v. United Transportation Union, 396 U.S. 142, 90 S. Ct. 294, 24 L. Ed. 2d 325 (1969), indicates that the "conditions" for which the status quo is to be maintained are to be "broadly conceived." The Court states: "The obligation of both parties . . . is to preserve and maintain unchanged those actual, objective working conditions and practices, broadly conceived, which were in effect prior to the time the pending dispute arose . . . Therefore strikes are prohibited during the period of inquiry by the Emergency Board and for thirty (30) days thereafter."
As the Shore Line case clearly indicates, All parties involved in the dispute are obligated to maintain the status quo. Plaintiff carriers cannot, and shall not, be permitted to have it both ways this Court cannot enjoin Defendant BRAC from continuing its work stoppage while permitting Plaintiffs to unilaterally vary the conditions surrounding the relationship between the parties as they existed at the time the dispute arose.
Congress' purpose in requiring all parties to maintain the status quo during the pendency of the Board's inquiry and for thirty (30) days thereafter was to provide for a "cooling-off" period. Shore Line, supra, 396 U.S. at 152, 90 S. Ct. 294. That purpose would be frustrated if Plaintiff carriers were permitted unilaterally to vary the working conditions and practices in effect prior to the time that the pending dispute arose.
Finally, this Court has determined that if Defendant is not restrained, Plaintiffs and the public shall be irreparably injured; if Plaintiff carriers are not restrained, the Defendant and the public shall be irreparably harmed.
For these reasons, it is by the Court this 29th day of September, 1978,
ORDERED, that during the pendency of this action or until further order of the Court,
(1) That the Defendant, its officers, employees, agents, members and all persons acting in concert or participation with any of them, are hereby enjoined and restrained from resorting to self-help including strikes or lockouts during the period in which the status quo provision of Section 10 of the Railway Labor Act is in effect;
(2) That the Plaintiff carriers and their subsidiaries, their officers, employees, agents and all persons acting in concert with them, are hereby enjoined and restrained during the period in which the status quo provision of Section 10 of the Railway Labor Act is in effect, from changing, not preserving or not maintaining, those actual, objective working conditions and practices, broadly conceived, which were in effect on or before July 9, 1978.
(3) That Plaintiff carriers shall not engage during the period in which the status quo provision of Section 10 of the Railway Labor Act is in effect, in any action or actions of reprisal against any person who was an employee of Plaintiff carriers (BRAC members and all persons acting in concert or participation with them) on July 9, 1978, or thereafter, because of events which occurred between July 10, 1978, and September 29, 1978, inclusive, and shall recall within 10 days any employees furloughed between those dates; provided, however, that nothing in this Order shall thereafter prevent Plaintiff carriers from furloughing employees in conformity with the collective bargaining agreements and conditions of employment in effect prior to July 10, 1978.
(4) That Plaintiff carriers shall not, during the period in which the status quo provision of Section 10 of the Railway Labor Act is in effect, abolish or continue to abolish any positions which existed on July 9, 1978.
It is Ordered that a hearing shall be held before this Court at 9:30 o'clock a.m. on October 10, 1978, upon the Plaintiffs' and Defendant's Motions for Preliminary Injunction; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED, that this Temporary Restraining Order shall expire at 6:45 o'clock p.m. on October 10, 1978, unless it is further extended by Order of this Court; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED, that this Temporary Restraining Order may be served by any person over the age of eighteen (18) years selected for the purpose by the parties; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED, that this Temporary Restraining Order is issued upon the condition that an undertaking in the sum of $ 10,000.00, or cash in that amount, be filed by Plaintiff carriers, and in the sum of $ 10,000.00, or cash in that amount, be filed by Defendant BRAC, to make good such damages as may be suffered or sustained by any party who is found to be wrongfully enjoined, pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 65(c).