Appeal from the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; Hon. Tim C. Murphy, Trial Judge
Newman, Ferren, and Farrell, Associate Judges.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ferren
This case presents the question whether Super. Ct. Civ. R. 6 (e) extends the time within which a party to mandatory arbitration, who receives notice of the arbitration award by mail, must file a praecipe in court demanding a trial de novo. Based on Wallace v. Warehouse Employees Union No. 730, 482 A.2d 801 (D.C. 1984), we conclude that Rule 6 (e) does apply and that the District of Columbia was entitled to three more days for demanding a trial. We therefore reverse the trial court's order denying the District's demand as untimely filed and remand for trial.
The District of Columbia and Betty B. Ortiz went to mandatory arbitration in an effort to settle Ortiz's negligence action against the District. *fn1 On September 27, 1988, the arbitrator filed her award with the court and mailed a copy to all parties. The notice of the award, on which the filing date was typed, included the following instruction: "Within 15 days of the filing of this Arbitration Award, any party may demand a trial de novo in the Superior Court by filing a Trial Praecipe with the Clerk and serving it on all parties." On October 13, 1988 -- the sixteenth day after the award was filed -- the arbitration clerk entered judgment for Ortiz. The next day, the District filed a praecipe demanding a trial de novo. Twelve days later the District filed a motion to vacate the judgment.
On January 9, 1989, the trial court denied both the District's motion to vacate and its request for trial. The District appeals, contending that, under Rule 6 (e) and Wallace, it had three days beyond the fifteen days for demanding a trial de novo.
The Superior Court rules governing the Mandatory Arbitration Program give a party fifteen days from the day the arbitrator files the arbitration award in court to demand a trial de novo. See Mandatory Arbitration Rule XIII. *fn2 Rule 6 (e) provides:
Whenever a party has the right or is required to do some act or take some proceedings within a prescribed period after the service of a notice or other paper upon him [or her] and the notice or paper is served upon him [or her] by mail, 3 days shall be added to the prescribed period. *fn3
In Wallace, this court reviewed the applicability of Rule 6 (e) in connection with a motion under Super. Ct. Civ. R. 59 (e) to alter or amend a judgment. According to Rule 59 (e), the motion must be filed within ten days after the entry of judgment. Appellants, however, filed their motion for reconsideration on the fourteenth day after the trial court entered judgment and mailed it to the parties. Wallace, 482 A.2d at 805. We held that Rule 6 (e) applied, giving appellants three extra days to file their motion. *fn4 Id. at 808. We relied on our prior decisions applying Rule 6 (e) when findings were made "out of the presence of counsel or parties" and notice of the findings was "given by mail." Id. at 806 (quoting United Retail Cleaners & Tailors Ass'n of D.C. v. Denahan, 44 A.2d 69, 70 (D.C. 1945)).
In United Retail Cleaners, we explained the rationale for applying Rule 6 (e): "It seems evident to us that the rules of the trial court intend that a party shall have four days [now ten days] after verdict or finding in which to decide whether to file a motion for new trial and to prepare such motion if decision is reached in the affirmative." 44 A.2d at 70, quoted in Wallace, 482 A.2d at 806 (bracketed text in Wallace). We then reasoned that the amount of time parties have for making the decision to act and filing the motion should not be shortened simply because they must wait to receive notice of the court's judgment by mail. Id.
In Wallace, we recognized that we were not applying Rule 6 (e) literally. 482 A.2d at 806. The rule by its own terms applies only when the event triggering a party's right to do something is "service or notice," whereas the triggering event of Rule 59 (e) -- the rule at issue in Wallace -- was "entry of judgment." We also realized that we were departing from federal cases which do apply the rule literally. Wallace, 482 A.2d at 806 & n.16. We held, nonetheless, that "when a judgment is rendered outside the presence of the parties or counsel and, therefore, notice is mailed pursuant to [Super. Ct. Civ. R.] 77 (d), three additional days are added to the period of time prescribed in Rule 50 (e), pursuant to Rule 6 (e)." Id. at 807.
In the present case, the event that triggers the fifteen-day period is the filing of the arbitration award in court. See Mandatory Arbitration Rule XIII, (supra) note 2. We perceive no meaningful distinction for Rule 6 (e) purposes between "filing the arbitration award" and "entry of judgment" when both events occur outside the presence of the parties and notice of each is mailed to the parties. The rationale in Wallace accordingly applies to this case. *fn5 We therefore conclude that, by virtue of Rule 6 (e), the District's trial praecipe -- filed with the court on the seventeenth day after filing of the arbitration award -- was timely and that the arbitration ...