STANLEY S. HARRIS, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
This case is a sad one. Carol MacGuineas (MacGuineas), a talented journalist, developed nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease in 1984. She was treated for the disease with both radiation and chemotherapy. She agreed to the placement of a Port-A-Cath in order to facilitate the chemotherapy. During the operation in which the Port-A-Cath was being placed, her left innominate vein was punctured and she died. Her daughter, Maya, who is the personal representative of MacGuineas's estate, brought this suit alleging that the doctors who performed the surgery were negligent and that MacGuineas died as a result of their negligence.
Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease is a cancer characterized by a painless, progressive enlargement and hardening of the lymph nodes. There are several stages of Hodgkin's disease. The stages are generally divided into four steps. n1 At the time of the operation, MacGuineas was diagnosed at Stage III.
n1 The following are short summaries of the stages as set out in 1, The Merck Manual, General Medicine, at 759 (14th ed. 1982).
STAGE ONE Disease limited to one anatomic
lymph node region.
STAGE TWO Disease involving two or more
anatomic lymph node regions
on the same side of the diaphragm.
STAGE THREE Disease on both sides of diaphragm
nodes or spleen.
STAGE FOUR Extranodal involvement such
as bone marrow, lung, or liver.
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