Appeal from the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; (Hon. Jose M. Lopez, Trial Judge)
Before Terry and King, Associate Judges, and Pryor, Senior Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Terry
TERRY, Associate Judge: This is an appeal from a judgment of absolute divorce. In its final order, the trial court awarded the parties joint custody of their three children, denied the wife's request for alimony, and provided for the distribution of marital property. On appeal the wife challenges the trial court's denial of alimony, its application of the Child Support Guideline, and its distribution of certain property to the husband. We reject her claims of error and affirm the judgment.
Appellant (the wife) has a master's degree in social work and has worked as a consultant to various companies and government agencies, both before and during her marriage. At the time of trial, however, she was unemployed. Appellee (the husband) has two master's degrees and a Ph.D. in social work. At the time of trial, he was employed in New York at an annual salary of approximately $83,500.
The parties were married in 1975 and moved to the District of Columbia in 1978, where they rented a home. In 1980 they began looking for a house to purchase, and eventually they found a suitable one in the Capitol Hill area. When they were unable to obtain a loan to buy it, the wife's father bought it for them. The parties then lived in the house and paid rent of $660 per month to the wife's father. In 1988 the wife's father executed a deed conveying the house to his daughter, although the parties jointly executed a promissory note and deed of trust to cover the cost of the transfer. The trial court found that this house was marital property and awarded absolute title to the wife. She still lives there with the parties' three children.
During the marriage, the parties formed a small consulting business, Weiner, Jennings & Vane, Inc. The business was jointly run by the husband and wife and operated out of their home. This arrangement gave them approximately equal shares in the business and also involved them equally in the care of the children. The income produced by the consulting business, however, was not sufficient for them to maintain their middle-class life style. As a result, the wife's family made frequent contributions to the parties in the form of cash payments, gifts, and the like. *fn1 Weiner, Jennings & Vane, while still nominally in existence, was apparently not generating any income at the time of trial.
In 1988 the husband received an offer of employment in New York, which he accepted, along with the resulting relocation, as a means of providing more money for his family. At first the parties made plans to move the entire family to the New York area. Soon after the husband began working in New York, however, these plans were abandoned. The husband continued to support the family, but in increasingly smaller monthly amounts. Because the wife had not found employment at the time of trial, the family had incurred a great deal of debt for the children's medical, dental, and educational expenses.
The trial court, applying the District of Columbia Child Support Guideline, *fn2 ordered the husband to pay $2,372 per month to the wife in child support, but it awarded her no alimony. The parties' marital property was awarded exclusively to the wife, including the family home and an automobile which had been purchased in part with marital funds. The court assigned each party a portion of the family's debts, mainly in accordance with a pre-existing agreement of the parties with respect to those debts. The husband's separate property was identified and awarded to him, including some art work and other personal effects which were still in the family home.
In divorce actions, our review is limited to determining whether there was substantial evidence to support the trial court's findings. E.g., Stolar v. Stolar, 261 A.2d 238, 239 (D.C. 1970). If there is, we must affirm the challenged decision. The record in this case amply sustains the trial court's findings regarding alimony and child support. The wife's challenge to the court's distribution of property is not properly before this court because it was not made below.
Decisions respecting the grant or denial of alimony "are committed to the sound discretion of the trial court and will be disturbed on appeal only when the record manifests abuse of that discretion." McCree v. McCree, 464 A.2d 922, 932 (D.C. 1983). In exercising that discretion, the trial court should consider certain primary factors, including "the duration of the marriage, the ages and health of the parties, their respective financial positions, both past and prospective, the wife's contribution to the family support and property ownership, the needs of the wife and the husband's ability to contribute thereto, and the interest of society generally in preventing her from becoming a public charge." McEachnie v. McEachnie, 216 A.2d 169, 170 (D.C. 1966); see McCree, supra, 464 A.2d at 932. The court must also take into account both the current and the prospective income of each of the parties: "consideration of the wife's prospective economic condition ' entirely proper' in determining the amount of alimony." Joel v. Joel, 559 A.2d 769, 771 (D.C. 1989), citing King v. King, 286 A.2d 234, 238 (D.C. 1972).
The trial court's findings of fact in this case reflect consideration of all the McEachnie factors. The court's judgment specifically refers to the ages, health, current financial status and needs, and respective contributions of both parties to the marital property. It also focuses on the wife's employability, remarking that the wife "is in good health and she is of a relatively young age to enable her to obtain another start in the business world." The husband's financial situation is also considered. The court noted the high cost of living in New York, transportation costs for visitation with his children, and other incidental expenses in concluding that "the husband is unable to pay alimony." However, the court awarded the wife all of the marital property, ...