The opinion of the court was delivered by: ROYCE C. LAMBERTH
This case comes before the court on defendant's motion for reconsideration. On April 16, 1993, this court entered an Order and Judgment granting partial summary judgment for plaintiffs and partial summary judgment for the defendant, Communications Workers of America ("CWA"). CWA now moves the court, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e), to alter or amend the judgment to provide that summary judgment is entered in favor of the defendant on all counts. The court concludes that it must deny defendant's motion.
This case involves the issue of whether CWA has fulfilled its duty of fair representation to those nonmembers who still must pay dues to CWA because CWA is their exclusive bargaining agent. In its April Opinion and Order, the court concluded that in large part CWA had fulfilled that duty and for that reason the court granted in part defendant's motion for summary judgment. The court also denied defendant's motion in part because it found that CWA violated its duty of fair representation by limiting the forums nonmembers could use to challenge CWA's nonmember fee determinations. On that issue alone the court granted summary judgment in favor of plaintiffs. CWA now moves the court to alter or amend this latter determination.
CWA brings its present motion because it contends the court based its ruling regarding the arbitration policy on a mistake of fact. CWA contends that the court's ruling assumed CWA compelled every objector to endure arbitration even if the objector had no desire to participate in arbitration or any other type of dispute resolution procedure. CWA argues that its policy only provides nonmembers with the option of going to arbitration and that arbitration is not required. The court appreciates CWA's distinction but denies its motion because the court did not make the mistake of fact asserted.
This court was never mistaken in the way asserted by CWA. This court never interpreted CWA's policy to be one that required every objector to undergo arbitration if s/he wished to raise any objection to CWA's fee determination. Rather, this court understood CWA's policy to be that if a nonmember chose to challenge CWA's fee determination before some impartial decisionmaker, the nonmember had to do so through arbitration rather than through suit in federal court, before the National Labor Relations Board, or in some other forum. The language used by the court in its Memorandum Opinion makes this clear. The court held that arbitration "is the only avenue CWA provides objectors to challenge the CWA fee calculation," and that this "arbitrary forum choice" violates CWA's duty of fair representation. 4/16/93 Memorandum Opinion at 32, 33. There is no mistake of fact as to that aspect of CWA's policy. The court recognizes that the language used in the Order and Judgment - enjoining CWA "from requiring plaintiffs to submit agency fee disputes to arbitration" - could have misled CWA, but the language of the court's Memorandum Opinion should have clarified the matter. The Memorandum Opinion makes clear that the court's objection was not to some policy of compulsory arbitration but to CWA's limitation of forum choices.
CWA has not challenged the court's determination that the forum limitation violates CWA's duty of fair representation. In the absence of any mistake of fact or challenge to this court's legal conclusions as to the facts known, there is no basis for the court to alter or amend the substance of its judgment. In order to avoid confusion, however, the court will change the language of the order and Judgment to clarify the CWA policy being enjoined.
Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED that:
1. Defendant's motion to alter or amend judgment is DENIED.
2. Paragraph three of the Order and Judgment entered on April 16, 1993 is, however, sua sponte, CLARIFIED and ALTERED to read: "Judgment is hereby ENTERED for plaintiffs enjoining defendant and its agents from limiting plaintiffs' choice as to the forum in which plaintiffs may choose to challenge defendant's nonmember fee determinations. In all other respects, judgment is hereby ENTERED for defendant, DISMISSING WITH PREJUDICE all other claims raised by plaintiffs herein."
United States District ...