September 23, 1993
BRANDYWINE LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, ALBEMARLE TOWERS CO., AND SHOREMEDE CO. LTD. PARTNERSHIP, PETITIONERS
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA RENTAL HOUSING COMMISSION, RESPONDENT. BRANDYWINE TENANTS ASS'N., ALBEMARLE TENANTS ASS'N. AND CLEVELAND HOUSE TENANTS ASS'N. INTERVENORS
On Petitions for Review of Decisions of the District of Columbia Rental Housing Commission
Before Rogers, Chief Judge, and Steadman and Schwelb, Associate Judges.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Per Curiam
PER CURIAM: These are consolidated petitions by housing providers seeking review of the decisions of the D.C. Rental Housing Commission, reversing the hearing examiners' decisions to grant capital improvement petitions under D.C. Code § 45-2520 (Repl. 1990). The capital improvement petitions for three apartment buildings sought approval of a number of additions, including microwave ovens, vanities, dishwashers and extra bathroom mirrors, that the providers claimed fell within the scope of § 45-2520. The Commission dismissed the petitions with respect to these four additions based on its Conclusion that they did not qualify as capital improvements under the statute. *fn1 With regard to the other proposed additions in the petitions, the Commission remanded the proceedings to the Rental Accommodations and Conversion Division. In this court, petitioners principally attack the Commission's ruling that the phrase "enhance habitability" in § 45-2520 is limited by items addressed in the D.C. Housing Code or present in the accommodation when the lease begins. *fn2
After briefing, the court, sua sponte, asked the parties to address whether the court had jurisdiction, and supplemental briefs were filed. Having reviewed those briefs, we conclude that the court lacks jurisdiction to consider the Commission's decisions dismissing in part and remanding in part the capital improvements petitions because these decisions were not final orders. See Warner v. Dept. of Employment Servs., 587 A.2d 1091, 1093-94 (D.C. 1991); D.C. Code §§ 1-1502 (11), -1510 (a) (Repl. 1990); 45-2529 (Repl. 1990).
Because of the considerations of administrative and judicial efficiency underlying the finality requirement long recognized by the court, the arguments presented by petitioners and intervenors in support of the court's jurisdiction of these petitions for review cannot prevail. The Commission has remanded in part and dismissed in part. Therefore, the court may face still another petition arising out of the same capital improvements petitions regarding the remanded items. As to the capital items that the Commission has dismissed from the petitions, the court can address the claims of error with regard to those items once the agency has completed its review of the petitions. See Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. v. Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, 590 F.2d 1267, 1268-69 (4th Cir. 1978) (per curiam) (not a final order where order affirmed temporary disability award, partially vacated permanent disability award, and remanded case for calculation of damages), cited in Warner, supra, 587 A.2d at 1093. See generally 15b WRIGHT, MILLER & COOPER, FEDERAL PRACTICE & PROCEDURE: JURISDICTION & RELATED MATTERS 2D § 3914.32 at 238-39 (1992).
Although petitioners and intervenors seek application of a pragmatic theory of finality that would allow the court to reach the merits now, see Brown Shoe Co. v. United States, 370 U.S. 294, 306, 8 L. Ed. 2d 510, 82 S. Ct. 1502 (1962); see, e.g. Rachal v. Rachal, 412 A.2d 1202, 1204 (D.C. 1980), they have failed to show that they will suffer irreparable harm by delay in review of the Commission's decisions until there is a final agency decision on the capital improvement petitions. See Warner v. Dept. of Employment Services, supra, 587 A.2d at 1093-94; Randolph-Sheppard Vendors of America v. Weinberger, 254 U.S. App. D.C. 45, 63-64, 795 F.2d 90, 108-09 (1986); D.C. Code §§ 45-2520 (g) (Repl. 1990); see also Washington Urban League, Inc. v. Public Service Comm'n, 295 A.2d 906, 908 (D.C. 1972) ("the possibility that an agency may make a mistake that is not immediately reviewable by the court is the price we pay for the advantages of the administrative process"). The items dismissed represent only a small number of the additions in the capital improvements petitions.
Other arguments by petitioners, in which intervenors join, fail to bring the petitions within any exceptions to the finality requirement. There may be circumstances, as indicated by the citations in the parties' supplemental briefs, where the considerations underlying finality will cause the court to conclude that it should review the final part of a non-final order of an agency. *fn3 Cf. D.C. Code § 1-1502 (11) (Repl. 1990). However, no such situation is presented in the instant case. Moreover, in response to the argument that the court should review the Commission's interpretation now because the Commission's decisions interpreting § 45-2520 (capital improvements) are having a preclusive effect on other capital improvement petitions before the agency, we note that the parties advised us during oral argument of another case pending before the court that presents the same challenge to the Commission's interpretation of § 45-2520. See Fort Chaplin Park Associates v. D.C. Rental Housing Commission, supra, No. 92-AA-843.
Accordingly, we dismiss the petitions for review.