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December 15, 1993


Appeal from the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; (Hon. Robert A. Shuker, Trial Judge)

Before Terry, King, and Sullivan, Associate Judges.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Terry

TERRY, Associate Judge: Appellant brings this appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court resulting from an arbitration award. Because the applicable rules governing arbitration proceedings expressly state that such a judgment "shall not be the subject of an appeal," we dismiss this appeal for lack of jurisdiction.


Although there is no record of the arbitration proceedings, *fn1 the basic facts in this case are not in dispute. Appellant Howard & Hoffman is an insurance agency, and appellee Hartford is one of the insurance companies which it represents. In 1984 a labor union in the District of Columbia purchased a workers' compensation policy from Hartford through Howard & Hoffman. The policy included a provision known as "other states coverage," which covered injuries suffered by the client's employees while working outside the District of Columbia. Unknown to the policyholder, however, this coverage was eliminated by Hartford when it renewed the policy in 1986, and neither Hartford nor Howard & Hoffman informed the policyholder of this change in its coverage. When the policyholder filed a claim in 1988 after one of its employees was injured while working in Maryland, Hartford denied the claim. The policyholder sued both Hartford and Howard & Hoffman, and the two defendants filed cross-claims against each other.

All three parties agreed to participate in the Superior Court's voluntary arbitration program. They elected to submit their dispute to binding arbitration and stipulated that the arbitration award would be made "in the form of a Declaratory Judgment of liability, with no assessment of damages." The arbitrator, after a hearing, made an award in favor of the policyholder against both Hartford and Howard & Hoffman, who were found jointly and severally liable. The arbitration award was filed on August 5, 1992, and was entered as a judgment of the Superior Court on August 21.

Meanwhile, on August 17, Howard & Hoffman filed with the court an objection to the award, asserting that the arbitrator had erred by not addressing the cross-claims. In its prayer for relief, Howard & Hoffman requested either that the arbitration proceeding be reopened and the arbitrator directed to determine "the rights and liabilities between codefendants," or that the award be vacated and the case assigned to a new arbitrator. After the judgment was entered, Howard & Hoffman filed a motion to amend the judgment and stay its execution, raising essentially the same arguments. That motion was denied, and Howard & Hoffman noted this appeal.


The first question to be answered in any appeal is whether the appellate court has jurisdiction. In this case the answer is plainly in the negative.

In the Superior Court the parties elected binding arbitration under the court-sponsored arbitration program, which was established in 1982. This program "gives litigants the choice of a speedier and less expensive procedure for resolving their cases through Court-supervised binding or non-binding arbitration." Introductory Note to Superior Court Civil Arbitration Rules. *fn2 Arbitration has both advantages and disadvantages. It enables the parties to obtain a quick resolution of their dispute, often much quicker than they would get in a full-fledged trial, but in exchange they agree to forego litigation and its procedural protections. *fn3 Under the Superior Court voluntary arbitration program, one of those protections which the parties give up is the right to appellate review.

Superior Court Civil Arbitration Rule 7 states in pertinent part:

The arbitrator shall file the arbitration award with the Court and serve it upon all parties within 15 days after the hearing. The award shall be entered as a judgment of the Court after expiration of the time for filing for trial de novo, pursuant to Civil Arbitration Rule 10, unless a party makes a timely demand for trial de novo within 15 days, as set forth in Civil Arbitration Rule 10. *fn4 The judgment so entered shall be subject to the same provisions of law and shall have the same force and effect as a judgment of the Court in a civil action, except that it shall not be the suspect of an appeal or any motion under Superior Court Civil Rule 59 or 60 (b). [Emphasis added.]

The language of the rule could not be clearer: there can be no appellate review of an arbitration award which has been entered as a judgment of the court. Appellant argues that the right to an appeal "cannot be denied to a person simply because he has selected arbitration as part of the process for resolving a dispute." This argument reflects a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of binding arbitration. By agreeing to refer the case to arbitration, appellant relinquished its right to seek appellate review of any arbitration award after that award was entered as a judgment. Giving up that right was part of the quid pro quo involved in choosing arbitration.

By appealing from the trial court's denial of its motion to amend the judgment and stay its execution, rather than from the judgment itself, appellant attempts to do indirectly what it cannot do directly. This effort must fail because none of the grounds advanced in appellant's motion is an acceptable basis for objecting to an arbitration award. Under Super. Ct. Civ. Arb. R. 9, there ...

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