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Judicial Watch

December 5, 2000



Judith Means comes before the Court as an interested party. She moves the Court to delete a portion of its December 22, 1998 opinion that criticizes her. She further asks the Court for leave to object, and does object, to the plaintiff's motion seeking leave to depose her. For the following reasons, the Court DENIES Ms. Means' motion to alter its opinion. Further, the Court GRANTS her motion for leave to object, but DENIES her motion to be excused from her second deposition.


This matter is yet another scene in a case that the Court has presided over since 1995. In the first four years of the plaintiff's FOIA suit, the government's malfeasance became so great--and so obvious--that it actually moved for summary judgment against itself. This motion was denied by the Court in an opinion dated December 22, 1998. In that opinion, the Court addressed the government's behavior with harsh words, some of which were directed at Ms. Means.

The Court's statement about Ms. Means was in regard to the government's failure to turn over a "minority donor list" that was responsive to the plaintiff's FOIA request. Ms. Means was one of the persons criticized for failing to turn the document over. Specifically, the Court stated that

Ms. Means' failure, and the corresponding failure of her office, to reveal the existence of the [minority] donor list in the months before [the list was eventually revealed to the plaintiff] is certainly among the most egregious abuses that have occurred in this litigation, and Ms. Means' stubborn refusal to admit her complicity in the non-disclosure only aggravates the matter. Judicial Watch v. United States Department of Commerce, 34 F. Supp. 2d 28, 36 (D.D.C. 1998). Ms. Means asserts that this statement is false. Although the Court did not find her personally liable in any way, she now requests that the Court redact the statement from its opinion because her "professional reputation has been damaged" and because "she has suffered embarrassment and emotional distress as a result." Brief for Means at 3.



The plaintiff's motion in this regard amounts to a motion for reconsideration. Motions for reconsideration are appropriate if a court finds "(1) an intervening change in controlling law, (2) the availability of new evidence, or (3) the need to correct clear error or manifest injustice." McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. NASA, 109 F. Supp. 2d 27, 28 (D.D.C. 2000) (Lamberth, J.). See also Firestone v. Firestone, 76 F.3d 1205, 1206 (D.C. Cir. 1996); EEOC v. Lockheed Martin Corp., 116 F.3d 110, 112 (4th Cir. 1997). "A trial court has broad discretion to grant or deny a motion for reconsideration." McDonnell Douglas, 109 F. Supp. 2d at 1206. See also Plaut v. Spendthrift Farm, Inc., 514 U.S. 211, 233-34 (1995); Liljeberg v. Health Servs. Acquisition Corp., 486 U.S. 847, 864 (1988).

Ms. Means' motion is predicated on the final factor permitting reconsideration--the need to correct a clear error or manifest injustice. Ms. Means first argues that she was never aware of the minority donor list prior to the time it was finally turned over to the plaintiff. In arguing this, Ms. Means attempts to overcome the testimony of Christine Sopko, who testified under oath that the minority donor list was discussed during a meeting between her, Ms. Means, and two other persons. One of the other persons, AUSA Alexander Shoaibi, confirms that the matter was discussed. *fn1 Mr. Shoaibi's notes from that meeting contain a reference to the document which is highlighted and surrounded by stars. See Declaration of Alexander Shoaibi at ¶ 8.

Ms. Means tries to overcome the likelihood that the list was discussed by asserting what plaintiff has characterized as a variation of the "iced tea" excuse. *fn2 She argues that, if the list was discussed, she was probably "engaged in a separate conversation, . . . out of the room, . . . [or] on the phone at the moment." Brief for Means at 14. The Court finds it unbelievable that Ms. Means could have either completely missed the discussion of the list, or never been exposed to the subject through continued interaction with co-counsel. *fn3 The Court therefore rejects Ms. Means's "iced tea" defense.

Yet Ms. Means still offers an alternative argument. She asserts that even if she was aware of the list, she did not act inappropriately in not turning it over because there was no reason to suspect that the list would fall within the plaintiff's FOIA request. This is perhaps the most incredible of her arguments. She is counsel in a case dealing with the sale of political favors for campaign contributions. A document dealing with "minority donors," found in the files of the very person *fn4 responsible for selecting the trade mission participants is, in the Court's opinion, almost facially responsive to the FOIA request. *fn5 At the very least, it is worthy of further investigation--an act Ms. Means failed to take.

Finally, as the recent declarations of Sonya Stewart and AUSA Shoaibi reveal, Ms. Sopko is not the only one asserting that Ms. Means had knowledge of the list. According to Ms. Stewart, there was a "meeting during which all in attendance, including Judith Means, were made aware of the existence of the 'Minority Donor List'" See Declaration of Sonya Stewart at 4. As well, AUSA Shoaibi asserts that she was present for all substantive conversations in the April meeting, and was almost certainly consulted about the document soon thereafter. See Declaration of Alexander Shoaibi at ¶¶ 6, 8.

Based on the foregoing explanation, the Court is confident that its statement regarding Ms. Means was fair and appropriate. But it should be remembered that, under the standard for reconsideration, the Court need not be so convinced. Rather, this Court need only find that there was clear error in what it said. See McDonnell ...

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