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In re Childress


December 5, 2002


Before Farrell, Reid, and Glickman, Associate Judges.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Farrell, Associate Judge

On Report and Recommendation of the Board on Professional Responsibility

Submitted November 14, 2002

In this reciprocal discipline case from Maryland, the Board on Professional Responsibility (the Board) recommends that respondent be suspended from the practice of law in the District of Columbia for one year and that, as a condition of reinstatement, he be required to demonstrate fitness. The Maryland discipline resulted from a conclusion by the Court of Appeals of Maryland that respondent had committed criminal conduct under Virginia law *fn1 when, over the Internet, he proposed to engage in sexual conduct with a child under the age of 14 years. See Attorney Grievance Comm'n of Maryland v. Childress, 770 A.2d 685 (Md. 2001) (Childress II). Respondent had previously been convicted for related conduct in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, *fn2 but his conviction was reversed in United States v. Childress, 104 F.3d 47 (4th Cir. 1996), on the ground that the relevant federal statute in effect at the time of his acts did not reach respondent's conduct.

The Board has determined that respondent's conduct violated Rule 8.4 (b) of the Rules of Professional Conduct, which prohibits an attorney from committing "a criminal act that reflects adversely on the lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness, or fitness as a lawyer in other respects." *fn3 Respondent does not dispute the determination of misconduct, and neither Bar Counsel nor respondent takes issue with the Board's recommendation of a one-year suspension with reinstatement conditioned on a showing of fitness, corresponding to the discipline imposed by Maryland of indefinite suspension with the right to apply for readmission after one year. See In re Berg, 694 A.2d 876, 877 n.2 (D.C. 1997).

This court adheres to the principle that, in cases where neither Bar Counsel nor the attorney opposes identical discipline, "[t]he most the Board should consider itself obliged to do . . . is to review the foreign proceeding sufficiently to satisfy itself that no obvious miscarriage of justice would result in the imposition of identical discipline -- a situation that we anticipate would rarely, if ever, present itself." In re Spann, 711 A.2d 1262, 1265 (D.C. 1998). Most recently in this regard we stated that, "in such circumstances, the imposition of identical discipline should be close to automatic, with minimum review by both the Board and this court." In re Cole, No. 01-BG-1209, slip op. at 2 n.3 (D.C. November 7, 2002). Underlying that principle is a general reluctance by the court to have the disciplinary law of the District of Columbia -- concerning both misconduct and sanctions -- developed in proceedings that are characterized by deference to another jurisdiction's judgment and also by the absence of "'that clear concreteness provided when a question emerges . . . for a decision from a clash of adversary argument.'" In re Goldsborough, supra, note 3, 654 A.2d at 1287-88 n.5 (quoting United States v. Fruehauf, 365 U.S. 146, 157 (1961)).

Respondent's misconduct was unquestionably serious, and reflected directly on his "honesty, trustworthiness, or fitness" to practice law. As the Maryland Court of Appeals observed, his proposal of inappropriate sexual activity to vulnerable adolescent girls "seriously undermined public confidence in the legal profession." And as the Board points out, his criminal conduct went beyond "matters of personal morality," see Rule 8.4 comment 1, and "suggests a willingness to manipulate others who are not capable of making fully informed decisions of great magnitude." Thus, were we faced with a recommendation of a one-year suspension in an original disciplinary proceeding (including a fitness requirement), we at least arguably would find that sanction inadequate to the gravity of respondent's misconduct, even considering the evidence of mitigation which the Maryland court took into account. But in this setting of reciprocal discipline and a recommendation unopposed by Bar Counsel, we cannot say that a one-year suspension combined with the obligation to show fitness to resume practice, see In re Roundtree, 503 A.2d 1215, 1217 (D.C. 1985), is so incommensurate with the conduct as to require departure from our general practice. *fn4

An alternative to accepting the Board's recommendation might be to dispense with reciprocal discipline and direct Bar Counsel to commence an original discipline proceeding. See D.C. Bar Rule XI, § 11 (f)(2) ("If the Court determines that the identical discipline should not be imposed, it shall enter such order as it deems appropriate. . . .").

But the misconduct at issue includes acts reaching as far back as 1993, and, as the Maryland Court of Appeals pointed out, since 1995 respondent has undergone intensive psychiatric counseling. An original discipline proceeding would thus inevitably become bound up with matters of rehabilitation identical to those germane to the fitness determination the Board recommends before reinstatement -- thereby raising the prospect of duplicative proceedings.

We therefore accept the Board's recommendation of a one-year suspension, with the additional requirement that respondent demonstrate fitness before he may resume practice in the District of Columbia. We depart from this recommendation in one respect, however. In In re Berger, supra, the court pointed out that Maryland is among those jurisdictions that permit summary reinstatement of a suspended attorney -- without the need for formal proof and a finding of rehabilitation -- if the attorney asserts that he has met the requirements for reinstatement and Bar Counsel in that jurisdiction agrees. See 737 A.2d at 1045. We considered it appropriate in Berger "for this court to follow the lead of the original disciplining jurisdiction in determining [whether] the reinstatement requirement" can be met in this way and "does not require a full-fledged proceeding." Id. But we announced no inflexible rule in that regard, and in this case the seriousness of respondent's misconduct convinces us that the requirement of a plenary hearing on fitness should not be waived even conditionally (i.e., on Bar Counsel's assent), as a condition of respondent's reinstatement.

Accordingly, respondent James F. Childress is hereby suspended from the practice of law for one year, with credit to be given for the interim periods of suspension that he previously served in related Bar Docket No. 63-96 and that he is now serving. Before being readmitted to practice in this jurisdiction, respondent must demonstrate his fitness to practice law in accordance with Rule XI, § 16 (d).

So ordered.

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