The opinion of the court was delivered by: Colleen Kollar-kotelly, District Judge
FINAL JUDGMENT IMPLEMENTATION ORDER NO. 1 ("I.O. No. 1")
The United States of America, plaintiff in Civil Action No. 98-1232, and the States of New York, Ohio, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina and Wisconsin (the "New York Group"), plaintiffs in Civil Action No. 98-1233, and Microsoft Corporation ("Microsoft"), the defendant in both actions, by their respective attorneys, negotiated a proposed consent decree, which formed the basis for the Final Judgments entered on consent in each of the actions.
The States of California, Connecticut, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Utah and the District of Columbia (the "California Group"), also plaintiffs in Civil Action No. 98-1233, obtained a final judgment following trial against Microsoft.
All plaintiffs in these two actions ("Plaintiffs") and Microsoft desire to cooperate in the enforcement of their respective judgments and to avoid possible confusion, inconvenience and diversion of resources arising from such activity.
The Plaintiffs in both actions have received and will receive information and documents related to enforcement of their respective judgments from non-parties during the period of enforcement of their respective Final Judgments ("Enforcement Investigation Materials"). Enforcement Investigation Materials may include items that are produced voluntarily or by compelled lawful process, and that are identified by the person providing such Materials (the "Providing Person") or by any Plaintiff as being related to enforcement of the Final Judgments in these actions.
All parties desire that these Enforcement Investigation Materials be protected from unauthorized disclosure, which might be detrimental to the legitimate commercial interests of the Providing Person, and to Plaintiffs' enforcement activity generally.
This Order is intended to afford all Providing Persons that level of protection from unauthorized disclosure of Enforcement Investigation Materials at least equivalent to that provided: (a) pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act ("FOIA"), 5 U.S.C. § 552 et seq., and applicable federal regulations promulgated pursuant to FOIA, including but not limited to 28 C.F.R. § 16.8, with regard to voluntarily produced materials; and (b) pursuant to the Antitrust Civil Process Act (the "ACPA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1311 et seq. with regard to materials produced by compelled process. The protection thus afforded is intended to apply regardless of whether or not Enforcement Investigation Materials are provided to a State with statutes or regulations that may afford a lesser level of protection from disclosure.
ACCORDINGLY, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED AS FOLLOWS:
1. All Enforcement Investigation Materials shall be used for the purposes of enforcement of the Final Judgments in these actions or for other valid law enforcement purposes.
2. Enforcement Investigation Materials provided to any Plaintiff may be disclosed by that Plaintiff (the "Receiving Plaintiff") only as authorized by this I.O. No. 1, to the extent required by law,*fn1 or by agreement between the Providing Person and the Receiving Plaintiff. Unless otherwise authorized by the preceding sentence, Enforcement Investigation Materials may be disclosed only to persons participating in either enforcing the Final Judgments in these actions or other law enforcement purposes as to which the Enforcement Investigation Materials are relevant.
3. (a) The United States, the New York Group and the California Group shall treat all Enforcement Investigation Materials in accordance with the provisions of FOIA, as well as the provisions regarding disclosure of information set forth in 28 C.F.R. § 16.8. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed, however, to affect the rights or obligations of the United States under any section of FOIA or under any regulations promulgated pursuant to FOIA.
(b) The California Group and the New York Group may treat any Enforcement Investigation Materials in accordance with the Relevant State Statutes (defined below) and shall honor all statutory obligations to protect the confidentiality of all such information obtained voluntarily or by means of compulsory process, so long as application of the Relevant State Statutes does not provide a lower level of protection against disclosure for Enforcement Investigation Materials than that provided by this I.O. No. 1. For purposes of this I.O. No. 1, "Relevant State Statutes" shall mean each of the following:
Cal. Gov't Code §§ 6250 et seq. (California
Public Records Act), and § 11180; Cal. Bus. &
Prof. Code §§ 16700 et seq.;
Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 1-200 et seq., §§ 35-24 et seq., and § 35-42;
D.C. Code Ann. §§ 2-531 et seq. (Freedom of
Information), §§ 28-4501 et seq., and §