UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
February 23, 2004
MARY NELL WYATT ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ricardo M. Urbina United States District Judge
Document No.: 27
MEMORANDUM ORDER GRANTING THE PLAINTIFFS LEAVE TO AMEND THEIR COMPLAINT; DENYINGWITHOUTPREJUDICE THE DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO DISMISS
In 1991, Marvin Wilson and the late Ronald Wyatt were traveling in Turkey when terrorists associated with the Kurdistan Workers Party ("PKK") kidnapped both men and held them for 21 days until they escaped. Mr. Wilson and his family and the family of Mr. Wyatt ("the plaintiffs") now bring suit against the PKK pursuant to the Antiterrorism Act of 1991, 18 U.S.C. §§ 2331 et seq., for international terrorism. The plaintiffs also bring suit pursuant to the state-sponsored terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1605(a)(7), and the Flatow Amendment, 28 U.S.C. § 1605 note, against the Syrian Arab Republic, the Syrian Ministry of Defense ("SMD"), Syrian Minister of Defense Mustafa Tlass, and General Ghazi Kanaan of the Syrian armed forces (collectively,"the Syrian defendants") for false imprisonment, civil conspiracy/vicarious liability, intentional and/or negligent infliction of emotional distress, assault, battery, loss of consortium and solatium, and economic damages.*fn1 In response, the Syrian defendants filed a motion to dismiss for lack of both subject-matter and personal jurisdiction, insufficient process and service of process, and failure to state a claim on which relief may be granted.
On January 16, 2004, the D.C. Circuit addressed the question of suits against foreign states and their officials, employees, and agents pursuant to section 1605(a)(7) and the Flatow Amendment. Cicippio-Puleo v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 353 F.3d 1024 (D.C. Cir. 2004). Specifically, the D.C. Circuit stated that
[w]e now hold that neither 28 U.S.C. § 1605(a)(7) nor the Flatow Amendment, nor the two considered in tandem, creates a private right of action against a foreign government. Section 1605(a)(7) merely waives the immunity of a foreign state without creating a cause of action against it, and the Flatow Amendment only provides a private right of action against officials, employees, and agents of a foreign state, not against the foreign state itself.*fn2
Id. at 1033. Recognizing that the Cicippio-Puleo plaintiffs had filed their suit in the wake of judgments favoring hostage victims and thus may have been misled in assuming that the Flatow Amendment afforded a cause of action against foreign states, the D.C. Circuit remanded the case to the district court with instructions to permit the plaintiffs to amend their complaint to state a cause of action under some other source of law, including state law.*fn3 Id. at 1027, 1033.
The Cicippio-Puleo court's holding bears directly on the case before this court. Following the circuit's guidance, the court grants the plaintiffs an opportunity to amend their complaint to clarify the jurisdictional basis for suit, the defendants and the capacity in which each defendant is sued, the cause of action for each claim, the relief requested for each claim, and any other matters affected by the intervening precedent. Accordingly, it is this 23rd day of February, 2004,
ORDERED that the plaintiffs may file a second amended complaint by no later than March 19, 2004; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED that the defendants' motion [#27] to dismiss is DENIED without prejudice; and it is
ORDERED that if the plaintiffs file a second amended complaint, the defendants may file a responsive pleading 30 days after the date of service of that complaint. If the plaintiffs do not file a second amended complaint, the defendants may renew their motion [#27] to dismiss.