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K.C. Enterprise v. Jennings

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT OF APPEALS


May 27, 2004

K.C. ENTERPRISE, APPLICANT,
v.
DAVINA JENNINGS, RESPONDENT.

Application for Allowance of Appeal from the Small Claims and Conciliation Branch of the Civil Division of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia (SC-9374-01) (Hon. Mary A. Gooden Terrell, Trial Judge)

Before Farrell and Washington, Associate Judges, and Nebeker, Senior Judge.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Nebeker, Senior Judge

This application for allowance of appeal is based on the single assertion - which is in fact the case - that the record of the trial court is lost, cannot be retrieved, and cannot be reconstructed through a statement of proceedings and evidence. The application tells us that the plaintiff won a $4015.00 breach of contract judgment against the applicant, and the Superior Court computer records show that the applicant deposited the $4015.00 into the registry of the court on the date of judgment. The application states that the appeal is from the denial of a motion to reconsider. It appears that the denial of reconsideration was entered after exhaustive efforts to find or reconstruct the record. The order proposed by the applicant contained a provision granting the motion, however, the word "GRANTED" was struck out and the word "DENIED" put in its place in the handwriting of the judge. Three other proposed remedies were stricken; they proposed vacating the judgment, releasing the $4015.00 to the applicant, and scheduling a new trial. The question presented thus, is whether in the absence of a trial court record, the small claims judgment should be vacated and a new trial ordered.

I.

By virtue of D.C. Code § 11-721 (c) (2001), there is no appeal of right from a small claims action. W.H.H. Trice & Co. v. Faris, 829 A.2d 189, 193 (D.C. 2003). Where there is a record for review the court usually grants the application only where the applicant demonstrates "apparent error or a question of law, which has not been but should be decided by this Court." Karath v. Generalis, 277 A.2d 650, 651 (D.C. 1971). Since proceedings in small claims cases are informal and unencumbered by formal rules of evidence, Super. Ct. Sm. Cl. R. 12 (b) (2003), the field of possible errors available for correction by a grant of appeal is narrow indeed. Therefore, in an application for allowance of appeal context the opposing interests of the parties are in less conflict than in an appeal of right case. Those interests are (1) for the prevailing party, the property right in a judgment already acquired by litigation, *fn2 and (2) for the losing party, the right effectively to seek allowance of appeal. We distinguish here the difference between this case and a right of meaningful review in an appeal of right case. To be sure, the property right in a trial court judgment is in greater friction with the right of meaningful review in the latter case,*fn3 but still the property right has constitutional protections whereas the right of meaningful review is ordinarily provided by statute, on an assumption that a record on appeal is available.

In resolving this contest between these two interests particular attention must be paid to the presumption of validity of any acquired trial court judgment.*fn4 This presumption is aided and recognized by the universal proposition that an appellant, or a putative one as here, ultimately bears the burden of demonstrating prejudicial error. *fn5 That the applicant here cannot make that showing, through no fault of his, leaves us a choice between taking away a judgment property right which has been won in a presumptively error free proceeding without any judicial determination that prejudicial error infected that judgment, and forcing the prevailing party to reprove his case if at all possible. *fn6

We hold that the best balance in this instance is to leave the judgment undisturbed. The application is denied.

So ordered.


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