UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
January 3, 2005
TIMOTHY PIGFORD, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
ANN VENEMAN, SECRETARY, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, DEFENDANT.
CECIL BREWINGTON, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
ANN VENEMAN, SECRETARY, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul L. Friedman United States District Judge
On December 22, 2004, Mr. James Myart, Esq. filed, on behalf of his client, Mr. Thomas Burrell, a "Notice of Unprofessional Conduct by Michael Sitcov in Connection with Allegations of Department of Justice/Attorney Misconduct in Direct Relation to Class Members Cases and Defendant's Appeals of Arbitrator Awards." This is not the first document captioned "Notice" that Mr. Myart has filed in this case, and the Court is less than pleased at counsel's repeated use of the Court's docket as a forum for what are, in essence, press releases. This most recent "notice" has crossed a line that the Court will not ignore. Because the Court finds this notice to be unprofessional, harassing and irrelevant to this litigation, the Court will order, sua sponte, that it and another notice filed the following day be stricken from the record.*fn1 The Court will not reach into the past to strike other inappropriate notices that have been filed, but admonishes counsel against the use of such mechanisms in the future in this, or any other, case.*fn2
Mr. Myart's "notice" appears to complain that Mr. Sitcov will not speak with him on the telephone concerning the recent concerns raised regarding Margaret O'Shea, an individual who participated in the Department of Justice's work regarding the implementation of the Consent Decree. Mr. Myart claims that "[i]n spite of the urgency of this matter, Mr. Sitcov refuses to communicate with Counsel justifying his refusal to communicate and insistence on hanging up in Counsel's face." Notice at 2. As noted, Mr. Myart's filing is a notice, not a motion requesting relief from the Court.*fn3 Indeed, the Court notes that Mr. Myart has already filed both a notice to bring the Court's attention to the matter of Ms. O'Shea and multiple motions on the same topic.*fn4 Thus, the "notice", if it involved only the matter of Ms. O'Shea, at the very least would be redundant.*fn5
The focus of the "notice," however, is not the matter of Ms. O'Shea, but rather Mr. Sitcov's refusal to speak with Mr. Myart on the telephone. The Court notes that this is not the first time Mr. Myart has raised this complaint. In a hearing for a temporary restraining order in Bradshaw v. Veneman, Civil Action No. 04-1422, on October 8, 2004, Mr. Myart advanced similar concerns regarding Mr. Sitcov's alleged failure to communicate. After explaining his reasons for refusing to speak to Mr. Myart over the telephone, including Mr. Myart's previous suspension from the Texas State Bar, Mr. Sitcov explained:
I have told him that I will accept e-mail from him or letters or faxes. And when it suits his purpose, which is almost every day, he sends me one of his e-mails. But when he wants to create what he views as some sort of issue about me not talking to him, he calls me. Now, I am not lead counsel in any one of these cases. As I think Your Honor is aware by this time, I supervise a practice area that, one little corner is a farm services agency. The practice involves HUD, it involves the V.A., it involves FEMA; it is nationwide in scope. The way our office operates, there are trial attorneys, and the trial attorneys are personally and primarily responsible for litigating those cases.
Mr. Myart knows who the trial attorney on Pigford is. It's Liza [Goitein]. He has her number. He calls her, she calls him. If he wants to talk to somebody by phone about a motion, he can call her. And when it suits his purpose, he does.
So if he is going to stand up here and lie to you that there is no way for us to communicate, that is simply false. And if he is going to say to you that there is no way for us to communicate other than by e-mail, that's false as well, because he can call Ms. [Goitein], who is the person that he should call.
In other cases, he calls the lawyers who are assigned to them. There is a case called Williams that's being handled by Josh Rabinovitz. He regularly calls Mr. Rabinovitz. There's a fellow named Cowden in the United States Attorney's Office who is in several cases. Mr. Myart regularly calls Mr. Cowden. So the notion that I am some sort of roadblock is just a lie. And it is in keeping with, and I'm just going to quote now, what, "the Texas Bar found that it was conduct that was deceitful and fraudulent in those proceedings." And it is deceitful and fraudulent in these.
October 8, 2004 Motions Hearing in Bradshaw v. Veneman, 04-1422 ("Bradshaw Hearing") at 9-11. Mr. Myart knows that Mr. Sitcov prefers to communicate with him in writing in connection with this case. This is not a "refusal to communicate." It is merely a refusal to communicate by telephone. It is certainly not uncommon, in contentious cases, for prudent attorneys to prefer that their communication with opposing counsel be memorialized in writing.
The Court notes that, during that same hearing, Mr. Myart essentially accused Mr. Sitcov of racism, saying: "[I]f I am being treated any differently than any other lawyer or white lawyer that he deals with, that I'd consider that to be discriminatory," and, later in the hearing, when handing Mr. Sitcov a document said "yes sir, yes sir" in what Mr. Sitcov described as the patois of a slave speaking to a master, Bradshaw Hearing at 9, 26, to which Mr. Sitcov responded: "I don't have to be treated like dirt privately in e-mail and I don't have to be treated as dirt by Mr. Myart here."*fn6 Id. at 27. In response, the Court, acknowledging the contentious nature of this case, noted its agreement with Mr. Sitcov on this point, id., and admonished all counsel to conduct themselves courteously and professionally, stating:
Mr. Myart, you are both, everybody in this case is going to have to conduct themselves professionally. There are a lot of lawsuits where people don't, lawyers on the other side don't like each other. There are a lot of lawsuits where there is a history between lawyers on the other side. But they still both have an obligation. All have an obligation to try to act professionally toward each other and try to act professionally in their filings and in the courtroom.
I just don't think it is appropriate to, and I heard what you said. I don't think that was appropriate, the way you addressed Mr. Sitcov just now. There may be other things that are not appropriate, too. You've identified some things that you think are inappropriate on his side and things that he has done. As I say, there have been other things as well. This has been a contentious matter for a long time.
But it seems to me that it is the responsibility of the lawyers in the case, and the neutrals in the case, and the professionals in the case to try to keep the level of contentiousness and bad blood down and the level of civility and professionalism up. And I don't know if that is ever going to be repairable between you, Mr. Myart and you, Mr. Sitcov. And it does not have to be repaired. But people have to act professionally and civilly when they file things in writing and when they say things in Court.
Bradshaw Hearing at 27-31. The hearing ended with the following exchange:
Mr. Myart. Does the Court have any admonition, structure, otherwise any learned advice on how to deal with my phone calls with Mr. Sitcov?
Court: No. Id. at 71. The Court assumed that its previous admonition would be sufficient. Clearly it has not been.
Mr. Myart claims to be "at a loss on this insurmountable problem and the Court's refusal to address this conduct even after the Court admonished all attorneys regarding professional conduct toward each other." Notice at 3. Mr. Myart states that he "has abided by the Court's admonishment." Id. It is clear, however, from the tenor of this and past filings by Mr. Myart, that this is not so. The e-mail attached to Mr. Myart's Notice that was directed towards Mr. Sitcov and copied to multiple members of Congress is undeniably unprofessional in tone. It states, in part:
SITCOV, It does not matter that you did not respond to my December 19th request for information on the DOJ/O'Shea "debacle." Ms. Goitien [sic] did not respond either. Sitcov, it does not matter that you and Ms. Gotien [sic] did not answer my December 20th effort to confer on my most recent motion....
The e-mail continues in a similar tone, with multiple paragraphs all beginning "Sitcov." The Court considers the tenor of this e-mail to be entirely unprofessional.*fn7
Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in relevant part, that by presenting to the court any"pleading, written motion, or other paper," an attorney"is certifying that to the best of the person's knowledge, information, and belief, formed after an inquiry reasonable under the circumstances," the pleading"is not being filed for an improper purpose, such as to harass... and [that] the allegations and other factual contentions have evidentiary support...." FED. R. CIV. P. 11(b). The notice and the attached e-mail have been filed for an improper purpose unrelated to this litigation, serving instead to bring opprobrium on a fellow member of the Bar."[A]busive language toward opposing counsel has no place in documents filed with our courts; the filing of a document containing such language is one form of harassment prohibited by Rule 11." Coats v. Pierre, 890 F.2d 728, 734 (5th Cir. 1989), see John G. Koeltl, The Argument for Civility, 23 LITIGATION 66 (Spring 1997) ("Judges are not impressed by papers that hurl epithets against the other side. Memoranda that are personally insulting to an adversary are also often offensive to the Court.").
The Court has noted in the past, and will reiterate now, that Mr. Sitcov is "an experienced and dedicated Department of Justice attorney and public servant of many years who has devoted nearly six [now seven] years of his professional life to this important case" and that he "always has recognized and respected the basic rights of plaintiffs and their lawyers, without regard to their race." Pigford v. Veneman, 215 F.R.D. 2, 3-4 (D.D.C. 2003). The Court has observed Mr. Sitcov and listened to his arguments and representations in court on scores of occasions and has read thousands of pages that he has either written or whose preparation he has supervised. While his frustration level clearly has risen over the years (and his choice of language in certain filings has reflected that frustration), Mr. Sitcov has appeared always to have acted professionally, honorably and ethically.
Rule 12(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a court may strike any matter that is"redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous." FED. R. CIV. P. 12(f).*fn8
Although striking filings is generally disfavored as an extreme remedy, a court has"liberal discretion" to strike such filings as it deems appropriate under Rule 12(f). Stanbury Law Firm v. IRS, 221 F.3d 1059, 1063 (8th Cir. 2000); see 2 MOORE'S FEDERAL PRACTICE § 12.37 at 12-93 to 12-94 (3d ed. 2002). The word"scandalous" in Rule 12(f)"generally refers to any allegation that unnecessarily reflects on the moral character of an individual or states anything in repulsive language that detracts from the dignity of the court." 2 MOORE'S FEDERAL PRACTICE § 12.37 at 12-97; see also In re TheMart.com Inc. Securities Litigation, 114 F. Supp. 2d 955, 965 (C.D. Cal. 2000) ("scandalous" includes allegations that cast"a cruelly derogatory light on a party or other person"). Mr. Myart's insinuations"improperly cast a derogatory light" on a dedicated government attorney who has done his best to navigate the deep and murky waters of this litigation. 5A CHARLES ALAN WRIGHT & ARTHUR R. MILLER, FEDERAL PRACTICE & PROCEDURE § 1382 (3d ed. 2004). The current accusations, and others, which too often have been contained in superfluous and inappropriate filings, have no place in this Court and will be stricken.
Finally, counsel is reminded that Local Civil Rule 83.8(b)(6)(v) of the Rules of this Court requires all counsel appearing in this forum to familiarize themselves with the D.C. Bar Voluntary Standards for Civility in Professional Conduct, which are included as Appendix D to those Rules. Among other things, the Standards provide that we [attorneys] will treat all participants in the legal process, including counsel... in a civil, professional, and courteous manner, at all times and in all communications, whether oral or written.... Except within the bounds of fair argument in pleadings or in formal proceedings, we will abstain from disparaging personal remarks or acrimony toward such participants.... We will not bring the profession into disrepute by making unfounded accusations of impropriety or making ad hominem attacks on counsel, and, absent good cause, we will not attribute bad motives or improper conduct to other counsel.... We will not degrade the intelligence, ethics, morals, integrity or personal behavior of others, unless such matters are legitimately at issue in the proceeding.
D.C. Bar Voluntary Standards for Civility in Professional Conduct ¶¶ 1, 3, 5, 28. Despite these established principles, the communications among counsel and some of the court filings in this case are not civil, respectful, or professional. Counsel is reminded that it is a privilege to practice law in this Court, not a right, and that the Court's docket is not a forum for personal attacks. See In re Snyder, 472 U.S. 634, 644-45 (1985) ("The license granted by the court requires members of the bar to conduct themselves in a manner compatible with the role of courts in the administration of justice.").
Finally, even outside the context of ad hominem attacks, the flood of "notices" with which Mr. Myart has deluged the Court deserves comment. Many of these notices, including the instant notices, serve no legitimate litigation-related purpose and appear to be a form of grandstanding really addressed to other audiences. There are generally two types of documents that are appropriately filed in a court: pleadings (complaints, answers, counterclaims, etc.) which either state a claim or respond to a claim, and motions (oppositions, responses, etc.) which are used to bring before a court for resolution disputes involving the claims in the case or the procedures to be followed. Although in some limited circumstances it may be appropriate for a party to file a notice with the Court, the purpose of such a filing is not to carry on a conversation with the world at large.*fn9 The Court is a forum for dispute resolution, not a means of disseminating press releases, letters to the two political branches of government (the Congress and the Executive Branch), or postings from the Black Farmers and Agriculturalists, Inc. website. Rarely has the Court encountered filings that constitute a greater waste of the Court's resources and time or that are as inconsistent with the letter or spirit of the Federal Rules. Cf. Moore v. National Children's Center, Civil Action No. 96-0118 (PLF) (D.D.C. 1997) ("[C]counsel seem to have adopted the notion that 'quantity is quality,' resulting in this Court... being barraged with motions that seemingly articulate each and every spat over which counsel find it necessary to bicker.").
Mr. Myart should take care in the future to file papers with this Court only to the extent that they serve a legitimate litigation-related purpose. Should the Court be forced to expend its time striking inappropriate filings, the Court will seriously consider imposing sanctions. The Court notes, however, that this same day the Court has issued an Opinion and Order denying Mr. Myart's motion to modify the Consent Decree and denying his motion to disqualify class counsel in this case. Mr. Myart may not, therefore, purport to speak on behalf of "all plaintiffs" in this litigation anymore, or file documents for "Thomas Burrell, on behalf of all class members." Indeed, he never had the right to do so. Class counsel, and only class counsel, speak on behalf of the class. Should a class member have a concern, that class member may certainly contact class counsel directly or through counsel; and the Court is confident that class counsel will bring issues to the Court's attention that may require the Court's intervention.*fn10
An Order consistent with this Opinion shall issue this same day.