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Feghoul v. Bush

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA


October 31, 2006

ABDULLI FEGHOUL, PETITIONER,
v.
GEORGE W. BUSH ET AL., RESPONDENTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard W. Roberts United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM ORDER

Petitioner Feghoul is a detainee in United States custody at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base who filed pro se a petition for habeas corpus relief by depositing the pro se petition with his captors for filing in mid-November 2005. Now represented by a federal public defender, Feghoul has filed an amended petition, which seeks, among other things, an order restraining respondents from delivering, returning, or rendering him to a country where there is a foreseeable and imminent risk that he would be subjected to torture. In addition, Feghoul has filed motions seeking the entry of a protective order and an order compelling respondents to submit a factual return. Respondents oppose the relief requested, arguing lack of jurisdiction. They have also moved to dismiss or transfer this case for want of jurisdiction. In the alternative, respondents seek a stay of all proceedings pending resolution of the appeals in Khalid v. Bush et al., 355 F. Supp. 2d 311 (D.D.C. 2005), appeals docketed sub nom.

Boumediene v. Bush et al., Nos. 05-5062, 05-5063 (D.C. Cir. March 3, 2005) and In re Guantanamo Detainee Cases, 355 F. Supp. 2d 443 (D.D.C. 2005), appeals docketed, Nos. 05-5064 et al. (D.C. Cir. March 7, 2005).*fn1

Feghoul's motions for a protective order and an order directing respondents to file a factual return will be granted. Respondents do not dispute petitioner's right to notice of the factual basis for his detention or to be represented by counsel to challenge the legality of his detention. Rather, respondents dispute this court's jurisdiction to entertain this petitioner's habeas corpus petition. Whether this court or another has jurisdiction to determine the legality of petitioner's detention, and what the exact nature and scope of the proceedings before the court with jurisdiction should be, are legal questions that have not yet been resolved by the D.C. Circuit and will not be resolved here. Despite the lack of finality regarding the issues on appeal, however, it is hardly sensible to withhold or frustrate something that no one doubts is petitioner's right ---- a meaningful communication with counsel regarding the factual basis of petitioner's detention. "Allowing petitioners to meet with their lawyers . . . is not the type of interim relief that even remotely risks infringing on the Court of Appeals' possible jurisdiction." Said v. Bush, Civil Action No. 05-2384 (RWR) (AK), slip. op. at 10 (D.D.C. May 23, 2006)(Kay, M.J.).

Feghoul's request for an order enjoining respondents from rendering him to another country will be denied. However, in light of respondents' reasonable request for a stay, an order staying proceedings but requiring respondents to provide thirty days' advance notice of any planned transfer of Feghoul to another location will be entered. A primary purpose of a stay pending resolution of issues on appeal is to preserve the status quo among the parties. Washington Area Metro. Transit Comm'n v. Holiday Tours, Inc., 559 F.2d 841, 844 (D.C. Cir. 1977) (a stay pending appeal is preventative or protective, and seeks to maintain the status quo pending a final determination of issues on appeal); see Warm Springs Dam Task Force v. Gribble, 417 U.S. 1301, 1310 (1974) (granting stay pending appeal to maintain the status quo between the parties). A court may, in appropriate situations, specify protective conditions in balancing the hardship necessarily imposed on the party whose suit or execution of judgment has been stayed pending appeal. Cooks v. Fowler, 459 F.2d 1269, 1272-73 & n.27 (D.C. Cir. 1971) (affirming condition of stay requiring tenant appealing judgment to deposit funds in court registry pending appeal); see also City of Portland, Or. v. Federal Maritime Comm'n, 433 F.2d 502, 504 (D.C. Cir. 1970) (directing the proponent of a stay in a case challenging shippers' exclusion of one city's port from service to "be prepared to state reasons why this court should not impose a conditional stay requiring the rotation of service among the ports involved pending final review and determination"); Scott v. Scott, 382 F.2d 461, 462 (D.C. Cir. 1967) (discussing a stay of execution of judgment conditioned upon support payments); Center for Int'l Environmental Law v. Office of the U.S. Trade Rep., 240 F. Supp. 2d 21, 23 (D.D.C. 2003) (conditioning stay pending appeal on party seeking an expedited appeal). Where, as here, the conditions imposed on the proponent of the stay are "neither heavy nor unexpected," imposing a protective condition is well within a court's discretion. Cooks v. Fowler, 459 F.2d at 249 (quoting Bell v. Tsintolas Realty Co., 430 F.2d at 482 (D.C. Cir. 1970) (stating "[w]e have little doubt that . . . [a court] may fashion an equitable remedy to avoid placing one party at a severe disadvantage during the period of litigation")).

Therefore, here the court will "guard against depriving the processes of justice of their suppleness of adaptation to varying conditions." Landis v. North American Co., 299 U.S. 248, 256 (1936). Coextensive with a district court's inherent power to stay proceedings is the power to craft a stay that balances the hardships to the parties. Id. at 255 (noting concern regarding a stay causing "even a fair possibility . . . [of] damage to some one else."); see also Clinton v. Jones, 520 U.S. 681, 707 (1997) (noting that "burdens [to the parties] are appropriate matters for the District Court to evaluate in its management of the case.").

Al-Oshan v. Bush, Civil Action No. 05-520 (RMU), slip op. at 2 (D.D.C. Mar. 31, 2005) (Urbina, J.).

CONCLUSION AND ORDER

For the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that Feghoul's motions for orders entering a protective order and directing respondents to file a factual return [#14, 23] be, and hereby are, GRANTED. A protective order will be entered by separate order. Respondents are directed to file and make available to counsel a factual return relating to Feghoul by close of business November 20, 2006. It is further

ORDERED that respondents' request [#9] to stay proceedings be and hereby is, GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. Other than what is ordered in the previous paragraph, the proceedings in this case are STAYED pending resolution of the appeals pending before the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in In re Guantanamo Detainee Cases and Boumediene v. Bush et al., except that Feghoul may seek emergency relief from this court in appropriate circumstances, such as when he has reason to believe that he is facing the possibility of continued detention at the request of the United States in a location that does not provide access to this court. It is further

ORDERED that Feghoul's request for an order restraining respondents from transferring him to a country where there is a foreseeable and imminent risk that he will be tortured be, and hereby is, DENIED. It is further

ORDERED that respondents, their agents, servants, employees, confederates, and any persons acting in concert or participation with them, or having actual or implicit knowledge of this Order by personal service or otherwise, shall provide this court and Feghoul's counsel with thirty days' advance written notice of any transfer or removal of Feghoul from United States custody at Guantanamo Bay.

SIGNED this 31st day of October, 2006.


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