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Smith v. Gonzales
January 12, 2007
MICHAEL A. SMITH, PLAINTIFF,
ALBERTO GONZALES, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: John D. Bates United States District Judge
In this action brought under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 701 et seq., plaintiff challenges the implementation of the Bureau of Prisons' Tobacco Free Initiative at the Federal Correctional Institution in Talladega, Alabama. Plaintiff moves for summary judgment and defendants cross move for summary judgment and to dismiss the amended complaint on the ground, among others, that plaintiff failed to exhaust his administrative remedies before initiating this action. Upon consideration of the parties' submissions and the entire record, the Court will grant defendants' motion for summary judgment, deny plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, and dismiss the complaint without prejudice.
Pursuant to the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), "'[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted." 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). The United States Supreme Court has held that "the PLRA's exhaustion requirement applies to all inmate suits about prison life, whether they involve general circumstances or particular episodes, and whether they allege excessive force or some other wrong." Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002). "Proper exhaustion demands compliance with an agency's deadlines and other critical procedural rules . . . ." Woodford v. Ngo, 126 S.Ct. 2378, 2386 (2006).
Pursuant to BOP regulations, an inmate must first seek informal resolution of his grievance and, if unsuccessful, file a "Request for Administrative Remedy." If the inmate is not satisfied with the response to the request, "he may formally appeal to the Regional and Central Office Levels." Def.'s Ex. 1, Declaration of Van Vandivier ¶ 2 (citing 28 C.F.R. § 542.10 et seq.) [Dkt. No. 26]. Plaintiff has not refuted BOP's declaration stating that it has no record of him having "submitted any Requests for Administrative Remedy and appeals." Id. ¶ 4. The Court therefore finds that no genuine issue of material fact exists with respect to plaintiff's failure to exhaust administrative remedies. Pursuant to the PLRA, defendants therefore are entitled to judgment as a matter of law. A separate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.
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