UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
July 19, 2007
JOHN M. BEAIRD ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
ALBERTO GONZALES ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: John D. Bates United States District Judge
In this action filed pro se, two federal prisoners complain about conditions at the Federal Correctional Institution in Seagoville, Texas.*fn1 Seeking injunctive and declaratory relief and monetary damages, plaintiffs name as defendants the United States and the Federal Bureau of Prisons, as well as Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and Bureau of Prisons Director Harley G. Lappin in their individual capacities. Defendants move to dismiss or for summary judgment or, in the alternative, to transfer the case. Upon consideration of the parties' submissions and the entire record, the Court will grant the motion to dismiss the complaint against Gonzales and Lappin pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), dismiss one count of the complaint as frivolous and transfer the remainder of the case to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas.
Plaintiffs bring "multiple . . . causes of action . . . on several jurisdictional grounds." Compl. at 2. Notably, they invoke the Federal Tort Claims Act ("FTCA"), 28 U.S.C. §§ 1346(b), 2671-2680, the Americans With Disabilities Act ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 et seq., the Rehabilitation Act, 29 U.S.C. §§ 701 et seq., Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971), and "all applicable Texas Tort Statutes and Tex Statutes."*fn2 Compl. at 19. Bivens provides the only cause of action for which the named individuals may be held personally liable under federal law, but only to the extent that they were personally and directly involved in the alleged unconstitutional conduct. See Cameron v. Thornburgh, 983 F.2d 253, 258 (D.C. Cir. 1993). Otherwise, the Court has a duty to "stop insubstantial Bivens actions in their tracks and get rid of them." Simpkins v. District of Columbia Government, 108 F.3d 366, 369 -70 (D.C. Cir. 1997).
Plaintiffs' Bivens claim against the named defendants is based on generalized allegations about policy decisions resulting in prison overcrowding. Such "bare assumption[s] that policy decisions made in Washington might have affected [plaintiffs'] treatment in [Seagoville] . . . are based on nothing more than a theory of respondeat superior, which of course cannot be used in a Bivens action." Cameron, 983 F.2d at 258 (citing Monell v. Department of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 691 (1978)). Plaintiffs therefore have failed to state a claim against Gonzales and Lappin in their individual capacities.
In Count 7 of the complaint, plaintiffs accuse "several unknown agents of the federal government" of tampering with the Clerk's file presumably of an earlier civil action filed in this Court and removing documents therefrom. Compl. at 31. They then appear to claim that they received the missing documents some 45 days later but that the documents were "altered" and "falsified." Id. at 32. This unsubstantiated claim, which is wholly unrelated to the events forming the basis of the complaint, rests on the sort of "fanciful factual allegation[s]" warranting dismissal as frivolous. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). Because this is the only claim based on events that allegedly occurred within this judicial district, the Court will dismiss it pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), which requires the dismissal of "any portion" of a prisoner's complaint upon a determination that it is frivolous.
Because the venue provisions applicable to plaintiffs' remaining federal claims require that they be brought in the judicial district where the alleged wrongdoing occurred, see 28 U.S.C. § 1402(b) (FTCA); 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(3) (Rehabilitation Act)*fn3, the Court grants defendants' motion to transfer the remainder of the case to the Northern District of Texas. A separate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.