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Brooks v. United States Parole Commission


September 24, 2007


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ellen Segal Huvelle United States District Judge


Petitioner Marcus Brooks is currently serving a non-parolable federal sentence of 130 months for conspiracy to distribute cocaine and cannabis. His projected release date on the federal sentence is in April 2009. Before the Court are petitioner's pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and respondents' opposition thereto. As explained herein, the petition must be denied.

In October 1999, while on parole for a sentence imposed by the District of Columbia Superior Court for attempted distribution of cocaine, petitioner was again arrested for the possession of illegal drugs with the intent to distribute. Petitioner pled guilty to the new charges before this Court, and his current 130-month federal sentence was imposed. (Resp'ts Ex. B.) Based on the new October 1999 charges, the District of Columbia Parole Board issued a parole violation warrant for petitioner's arrest and requested that the warrant be lodged as a detainer against petitioner, who was then in custody as a result of the new arrest. (Resp'ts Exs. A, R.) Citing several federal regulations, petitioner now requests that this detainer be removed and credit for his time served on the intervening federal sentence be applied to any further sentence of imprisonment he may receive as a result of his parole violation. (See Pet. at 1.) Alternatively, petitioner requests a hearing on these issues. (Id.)

Under the applicable U.S. Parole Commission regulations*fn1 , when a District of Columbia "parolee is serving a new sentence of imprisonment that does not include eligibility for parole under the Commission's jurisdiction, the Commission shall review the detainer upon the request of the parolee." 28 C.F.R. § 2.100(c). Following such review, the Commission may elect any one of the following options:

(1) Withdraw the detainer and order reinstatement of the parolee to supervision upon release from custody, or close the case if the expiration date has passed.

(2) Order a dispositional revocation hearing to be conducted by a hearing examiner or an official designated by the Commission at the institution in which the parolee is confined. In such case, the warrant shall not be executed except upon final order of the Commission following such hearing.

(3) Let the detainer stand until the new sentence is completed. Following the release of the parolee, and the execution of the Commission's warrant, an institutional revocation hearing shall be conducted after the parolee is returned to federal custody.


After receiving notice of petitioner's intent to file the instant petition with the Court, which it construed as a request for review of the detainer under 28 C.F.R. § 2.100(c), the Parole Commission conducted an on-the-record review. (Resp'ts Exs. T, U.) Following this review, which took into account facts relating to petitioner's intervening crimes, the Commission ordered that the warrant remain lodged as a detainer to be executed upon petitioner's release from his current federal sentence. (Resp'ts Ex. U.) This decision was clearly within the Commission's authority under 28 C.F.R. § 2.100(c)(3), and it has no obligation to execute the warrant until petitioner completes his intervening sentence. Wynn v. Gaines, Civ. No. 05-1974, 2006 WL 1071522, at *2 (D.D.C. Apr. 21, 2006) (citing Moody v. Daggett, 429 U.S. 78, 86-87 (1976)). Accordingly, petitioner has received all the process he is entitled to under the Parole Commission regulations. Moreover, because "[t]he Commission . . . has no constitutional duty to provide petitioner an adversary parole hearing until he is taken into custody as a parole violator by execution of the warrant," Moody, 429 U.S. at 89, petitioner is not entitled to a hearing at this time.*fn2

Accordingly, because petitioner has not established that his "custody is in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States," 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3), his Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus [Dkt. # 1] is DENIED, and the case is DISMISSED.


This is a final appealable order. See Fed. R. App. P. 4(a).

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