UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
October 30, 2007
NIKITA PETTIES, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul L. Friedman United States District Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the Report of the Special Master "Regarding Requests for Information and an Order Requiring Defendants to Show Cause," filed on October 1, 2007 ("Report"); defendants' response, filed on October 16, 2007 ("Defs' Resp."); and plaintiffs' response, filed on October 22, 2007 ("Pls' Resp.").*fn1
The Special Master filed her Report in order to:
provide information to the Court on four topics: 1) OSSE's [the Office of the State Superintendent of Education] apparent lack of familiarity with the Petties litigation; 2) the defendants' inability to accomplish meaningful rate-setting within the time allowed by D.C. law; 3) the opportunities that have been missed as a result of the system's lack of focus; and 4) the current requests for information that remain outstanding. Finally, the report requests that the defendant be ordered to produce the information requested by the Special Master and that, absent that production of the information, the Court enter an Order setting a date for a hearing at which time the counsel for defendant should be required to show cause as to why they should not be held in contempt.
Report at 2.
The Special Master's discussion of the first topic, "OSSE's apparent lack of familiarity with the Petties litigation," focuses on a perceived lack of awareness on the part of the American Institutes for Research ("AIR") of the role of the Court and the Special Master in payment disputes related to special education due to this long-running Petties class action lawsuit, and infers that the Office of the State Superintendent of Education also lacks such understanding because OSSE hired and provided background information to AIR. See Report at 2-5.*fn2
The defendants, in their response, say that they are "puzzled, especially in the light of this history, by the Special Master's assertion that the OSSE lacks 'familiarity with Petties[.]'" Defs' Resp. at 5. Defendants assure the Court that "special education and compliance issues in this case, as well as in [Blackman/Jones] and related cases, rank as one of OSSE's highest priorities." Defs' Resp. at 3. With respect to the substance of the Special Master's requests, the defendants "respectfully submit . . . that the proposed Order of the Special Master, laid against the pre-existing Court orders, can not be justified and should not be entered. To try to make the proposed Order fit the pre-existing Orders, in light of all the changes that have occurred, is an exercise in Procrustean futility." Defs' Resp. at 5-6.
The defendants' response is signed by counsel from the Office of the Attorney General ("OAG") of the District of Columbia. Two of the senior attorneys whose names appear above the electronic signature have every reason to be intimately familiar with the history of this case, as their appearances were entered on behalf of the defendants in August of 2000 and October of 2001, respectively, and they have been personally involved in the litigation and proceedings in this case ever since. Yet, the defendants' response demonstrates a stunning ignorance of the history of the Petties litigation and the operative Orders issued by this Court, most with the consent of the parties, during the course of this case. The only plausible explanation is that the attorneys whose names appear on the signature page of the brief must not have read it in its entirety -- and certainly could not have drafted it. The actual author of the response could not have known of the existence of significant operative Court Orders in this case, specifically those which define the scope of the Special Master's responsibilities.*fn3
The most significant example of an Order that the author appears to be unaware of -- though not by any means the only one -- is the Court's Order dated October 11, 2002, which was entered upon the joint motion of the defendants and the plaintiffs, and which is entitled "Modification of Order of Reference." See October 11, 2002 Modification of Order of Reference. This Order, as its name implies, changed and in fact expanded the powers and duties of the Special Master, which were originally set forth in the Order of Reference dated July 8, 1997. The parties' joint motion requesting entry of this October 11, 2002 Modification of Order of Reference (and a related order regarding payments) states: "[T]he proposed Orders create a procedure for resolution of payment disputes by modifying the duties and powers of the Special Master . . . ." September 25, 2002 Joint Motion to Modify and Supplement Order Regarding Payment System and to Modify Order of Reference at 1-2.*fn4 Anyone drafting a court filing or any other paper discussing the scope of the Special Master's role, responsibilities, powers and duties in the Petties case would be well advised to read this important Order and all of the relevant Opinions and Orders in this case, not just the July 1997 Order and the May 20, 2003 Memorandum Opinion and Order.*fn5
Unfortunately, the defendants have devoted the substantive portion of their objections to the Special Master's Report and proposed Order to an analysis of the ways that the Special Master's requests exceed the scope of her appointment under the Order of Reference dated July 8, 1997. See Defs' Resp. at 6-9. Thus, they have based their legal arguments on a Court Order that is out of date and that has been amended, modified and expanded several times, beginning more than five years ago.*fn6 The Court therefore concludes, easily, that the defendants' objections to the Special Master's proposed Order are not well grounded or at all persuasive, as the defendants do not object to the scope of the Special Master's proposed Order in the context of her actual powers and duties.*fn7
As noted, the Court assumes that the defendants' response, signed and filed on the docket of the Court by experienced counsel at the OAG, had to have been drafted by others -- probably the lawyers (or perhaps non-lawyers) at OSSE. But regardless of the brief's actual authorship, it demonstrates that those at OSSE with responsibility for special education compliance issues with respect to this and related cases do not fully understand the Petties litigation. In fact, the Court now has even more concern that there is a bigger misunderstanding in that Office than the Special Master suggested in her Report. Defendants' counsel should take pains to educate their clients' new representatives about the scope, contours and details of this ongoing litigation. And OSSE lawyers and other OSSE employees who are going to be involved in special education provider payment issues should read all of the Opinions and Orders that have been issued in the course of this litigation.*fn8
The Court does not mean to cast any aspersions whatsoever on the new State Superintendent or the new Mayor or the new Chancellor. Nor is the Court expressing any negative opinion about the significant changes now taking place in the education system of the District of Columbia. The Court only intends to make clear that as this case continues -- and until it finally settles by agreement of the parties and the Court, or is otherwise resolved -- the parties to the case, including any new representatives of the various defendants and their counsel, have an obligation to maintain compliance with the Court's Orders.*fn9 As the Special Master put it in her Report, "in planning for a bright tomorrow, one cannot ignore the obligations of today, or the lessons of yesterday." Report at 2. And it should go without saying -- but apparently does not -- that in order to comply with this Court's Orders, the parties, in whatever form they exist during and after a restructuring, must be aware of them.
Meanwhile, in light of the irrelevance of the defendants' objections to the proposed Order of the Special Master and the persuasiveness of the Report itself and plaintiffs' response in support, at the request of the Special Master it is hereby
ORDERED that on or before November 6, 2007, the Office of the State Superintendent ("OSSE") shall provide to the Special Master, with copies to plaintiffs' counsel:
1. All information regarding the policy and practice of the agency with respect to rate-setting for nonpublic schools; and
2. Any written procedures that have been developed by OSSE, in consultation with the District of Columbia Public Schools ("DCPS"), that describe the manner in which OSSE will provide DCPS with rates that have been approved for nonpublic special education programs; the title and name of the persons responsible at OSSE for furnishing information to DCPS and the title and name of the persons at DCPS responsible for the receipt of the information; and any applicable timelines that have been set for furnishing information or acknowledging receipt thereof; it is
FURTHER ORDERED that on or before November 6, 2007, defendants shall furnish copies of all agreements between the District of Columbia, or any agency, and any nonpublic special education program or public charter school where the contract contains a provision permitting or requiring binding alternative dispute resolution procedures; it is
FURTHER ORDERED that the defendants shall promptly complete the review of any and all draft contracts proposed for execution under the Placement of Students with Disabilities in Nonpublic Placements Amendment Act of 2006 and promptly furnish the drafts of those contracts to the Special Master; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED that if defendants do not provide the information required by this Order, the Special Master shall notify the Court of such failure so that the Court may consider whether to order counsel for the defendants to appear to show cause why they should not be held in contempt for failure to comply with the Court's Order of today's date and the Court's Orders of July 8, 1997, October 11, 2002, May 20, 2003, and November 8, 2004.