UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
December 7, 2007
RUSSELL EUGENE HEATH, PETITIONER,
ALBERTO GONZALES, ATTORNEY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ellen Segal Huvelle United States District Judge
Petitioner, who is currently confined in the Federal Correctional Institution in Littleton, Colorado, has filed an application for a writ of habeas corpus challenging his conviction in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas, Abilene Division, following a plea of guilty. Petitioner alleges, inter alia, that the court in which he was convicted and sentenced lacked subject matter jurisdiction over his criminal case and that defense counsel was ineffective for failing to raise the jurisdictional issue.
Such claims must be presented to the sentencing court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, which provides in relevant part that
[a] prisoner in custody under sentence of a court established by Act of Congress claiming the right to be released upon the ground that the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court was without jurisdiction to impose such sentence, or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack, may move the court which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence.
See also Taylor v. U.S. Bd. of Parole, 194 F.2d 882, 883 (D.C. Cir. 1952) (where prisoner attacked the constitutionality of the statute under which he was convicted and sentenced, the proper remedy was a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255); Ojo v. INS, 106 F.3d 680, 683 (5th Cir. 1997) (challenge to errors that occurred during or before sentencing must be addressed in a § 2255 petition, and the only court with jurisdiction to hear such a challenge is the sentencing court). Section 2255 further provides that
[a]n application for a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of a prisoner who is authorized to apply for relief by motion pursuant to this section, shall not be entertained if it appears that the applicant has failed to apply for relief, by motion, to the court which sentenced him, or that such court has denied him relief, unless it also appears that the remedy by motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention.
28 U.S.C. § 2255. Petitioner has not moved for relief under § 2255 (see Pet. at 2), nor has he has demonstrated the inadequacy of that remedy to test the legality of his detention.*fn1 The Court therefore may not entertain the application for a writ of habeas corpus, and the case will be dismissed.