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Luna v. Mukasey

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA


March 18, 2008

GUSTAVO T. LUNA, PETITIONER,
v.
MICHAEL B. MUKASEY, ET AL. RESPONDENTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard W. Roberts United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM OPINION

Petitioner Gustavo Luna currently is incarcerated at a Federal Correctional Institution in Oakdale, Louisiana. Generally, he challenges the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri over his criminal case, the constitutionality of the statutes under which he was convicted and sentenced, and defense counsel's failure to raise these issues. Challenges to the jurisdiction of the federal court imposing sentence and attacks on the constitutionality of a federal prisoner's conviction both properly are raised in a motion to vacate, set aside, or correct the sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.*fn1 See Taylor v. United States Bd. of Parole, 194 F.2d 882, 883 (D.C. Cir. 1952). Section 2255 provides specifically that:

[a] prisoner in custody under sentence of a court established by Act of Congress claiming the right to be released upon the ground that the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court was without jurisdiction to impose such sentence, or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack, may move the court which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence.

28 U.S.C. § 2255 (emphasis added). Moreover, the ability to challenge a conviction by a motion to vacate sentence generally precludes a challenge by a petition for habeas corpus:

[a]n application for a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of a prisoner who is authorized to apply for relief by motion pursuant to [28 U.S.C. § 2255], shall not be entertained if it appears that the applicant has failed to apply for relief, by motion, to the court which sentenced him, or that such court has denied him relief, unless it also appears that the remedy by motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention.

Id. (emphasis added).

Having found no impediment that would render a § 2255 petition by Luna to the court which sentenced him to be inadequate or ineffective, his petition before this court will be denied sua sponte. See, e.g., Pradelski v. Hawk-Sawyer, 36 F. Supp. 2d 1, 3 (D.D.C. 1999). An appropriate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.

SIGNED this 18th day of March, 2008.


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