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Cummings v. Woodson Senior High School

July 3, 2008


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul L. Friedman United States District Judge


Plaintiff Ida Cummings, mother and next friend of the minor child, J.C., represented by counsel, filed this action against named defendants Woodson Senior High School, the District of Columbia, and Mayor Adrian Fenty. The two counts of plaintiff's amended complaint allege that the defendants are denying J.C. the free appropriate public education ("FAPE") to which she is entitled under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1400 et seq. ("IDEA"). This matter was removed by the defendants to this Court from the Superior Court of the District of Columbia and is now before the Court on defendants' motion to dismiss ("Mot."). After the Court issued an Order to Show Cause, plaintiff filed a brief in opposition ("Opp."), and defendants filed a reply brief ("Reply").


A Hearing Officer for the District of Columbia Public Schools ("DCPS") issued a Decision ("HOD") dated May 31, 2007, concluding that the DCPS had not denied J.C. a FAPE because "a request for evaluation of the student for special education services was not delivered to DCPS after the February 13, 2004 ineligibility decision." HOD at 2.*fn1 The Hearing Officer found that plaintiff's counsel admitted this fact during the due process hearing on May 22, 2007. See id.

The Student Hearing Office attempted to fax a copy of the HOD to plaintiff's counsel on May 31, 2007, but plaintiff's counsel's fax number was not working. See Exhibit 1 to Reply. After plaintiff's counsel requested a copy of the HOD nearly three months later, in August 2007, see exhibits to Notice of Removal at 41-42, the Student Hearing Office successfully faxed a copy of the HOD to plaintiff's counsel at her new fax number on August 22, 2007. See Exhibit 2 to Reply.

Instead of filing a civil complaint in this Court or in the Superior Court, as required by the IDEA, see 20 U.S.C. § 1415(i)(2)(A), plaintiff's counsel filed a "petition for review" in the Superior Court on August 24, 2007. See Opp. at 4.*fn2 The one-page petition for review states only that it "[r]equest[s] a review of decision because hearing officer disregarded evidence and testimony. Request a finding of violation of FAPE by DCPS." Petition for Review. The petition also states that the date of the decision to be reviewed is August 23, 2007. See id. The Superior Court's Clerk's Office deemed the petition to be one seeking review under the Merit Personnel Act.

There were various proceedings in the Superior Court. On January 31, 2008, the Superior Court denied defendants' motion to dismiss and granted plaintiff leave to file an "amended complaint." On February 16, 2008, plaintiff's counsel filed the operative amended complaint, asserting claims under the IDEA. The defendants then removed the case to this Court and filed a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and for failure to state a claim under Rule 12(b)(6). That motion is now before the Court.


As a preliminary matter, the Court agrees with the defendants that Woodson Senior High School is not an entity that can sue or be sued. See Mot. at 9-10. As Judge Collyer has explained in a different case brought by the same attorney, "[f]or all practical purposes, this suit is against only the District of Columbia. As a public school in D.C., [the individual school] is non sui juris and the Mayor is sued in his official capacity." Hamlet v. MM Washington High School, Civil Action No. 04-1746, 2006 WL 1933833, at * 1 n. 1 (D.D.C. July 11, 2006); see also Hinson v. Merritt Educational Center, 521 F. Supp. 2d 22, 34 (D.D.C. 2007) (same).*fn3

Woodson Senior High School therefore is dismissed as a defendant.

With respect to plaintiff's claims under the IDEA, defendants argue that the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction because plaintiff's amended complaint under the IDEA was filed outside the 90 day statute of limitations provided for in the statute for suits seeking to challenge an adverse decision of a Hearing Officer. See Mot. at 4 (citing 20 U.S.C. § 1415(i)(2)(B)).*fn4 The IDEA provides, in relevant part, that the "party bringing the action shall have 90 days from the date of the decision of the hearing officer to bring such an action[.]" 20 U.S.C. § 1415(i)(2)(B); see also R.P. v. District of Columbia, 474 F. Supp. 2d 152, 152 (D.D.C. 2007), aff'd without opinion, No. 07-7051, Judgment (D.C. Cir. March 28, 2008) ("under the plain language of the IDEA, the 90-day period in which a party must file a civil action runs from the date of the hearing officer's decision, rather than from the date of service or notice"). Plaintiff's counsel fails to address this argument at all in the brief filed in opposition to the motion to dismiss.

Defendants filed this motion to dismiss in this Court on March 31, 2008. On April 18, 2008, when plaintiff's counsel had failed to file an opposition brief within the time provided for by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Civil Rules of this Court, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause. The Order to Show Cause reminded plaintiff's counsel that Local Civil Rule 7(b) provides:

Within 11 days of the date of service or at such other time as the Court may direct, an opposing party shall serve and file a memorandum of points and authorities in opposition to the motion. If such a memorandum is not filed within the prescribed time, the Court may treat the motion as conceded.

Local Civil Rule 7(b). Plaintiff's counsel filed an opposition brief within the time directed by the Court in the Order to Show Cause. The brief she filed, however, is filled with irrelevant legal principles and citations on topics such as 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983 and qualified immunity, and does not address the substance of defendants' arguments as to why plaintiff's claims ...

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