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Walls v. Peters

January 23, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Deborah A. Robinson United States Magistrate Judge


Plaintiff, in this action, alleges sex discrimination, race discrimination and retaliation pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 2000-e, et seq. A four-month period of discovery commenced on January 23, 2007, and was extended by the court, on the parties' joint motion, through October 22, 2007. See May 7, 2007 Minute Order; December 4, 2006 Scheduling Order (Document No. 8) at 1.

On October 3, 2007, Plaintiff moved to enlarge the discovery period by 180 days "in order to continue with the discovery process which is still incomplete." Plaintiff's Motion to Enlarge the Discovery Period (Document No. 13) at 1. Plaintiff represented that "the additional time [would] allow undersigned counsel to complete written discovery, throughly review the Defendant's response to the Plaintiff's discovery, conduct depositions and gather expert witness testimony[]" (id. at 2); however, Plaintiff made no effort to address the circumstances which occasioned her inability to complete discovery during the period of nearly nine months that the court had already provided.*fn1

On October 14, 2007, Defendant opposed Plaintiff's motion for a 180-day enlargement of the discovery period, and moved to stay further discovery pending determination of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. See Defendant's Motion for Stay of Discovery and Response to Plaintiff's Motion to Enlarge the Discovery Period (Document No. 15). On the same day, Defendant filed Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 14).*fn2

Plaintiff filed an opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. See Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Plaintiffs Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment ("Plaintiff's Opposition") (Document No. 27). In her opposition, Plaintiff, through her counsel, made repeated references to her interest in further discovery. See, e.g., id. at 6 ("Plaintiff . . . need[s] additional time to gather the necessary information to respond adequately to Defendant's motion."), 16 (the court "should permit [Plaintiff] to develop facts supportive of her claims of pretext through the appropriate vehicle of discovery."), 17 (Plaintiff's complaint "should not be dismissed without allowing her to seek a more developed record."), 24 ("Plaintiff believes that she can identify, through further expert discovery, that [the policies of the organizational unit in which Plaintiff sought a promotion] do not meet the standards mandated by the [Office of Personnel Management]."); see also id. at 17-18, 25, 52. Plaintiff, in her opposition, cited Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and filed, as an exhibit to the opposition, counsel's "Rule 56(f) Affidavit in Support of Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Stay or, in the Alternative, to Dismiss or for Summary Judgment" (id. at 16, Exhibit 28); however, Plaintiff did not, at that time, file a motion pursuant to Rule 56(f).

The undersigned determined that Plaintiff's counsel's request for a "continu[ance] [of] discovery so that Ms. Walls can obtain additional evidence and facts to support her claims" (see Plaintiff's Opposition at 14) was one which could be made only by a motion pursuant to Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The undersigned granted Plaintiff leave until October 28, 2008 to file such motion. On October 29, 2008, Plaintiff filed Plaintiff's Motion for a Continuance to Conduct Discovery ("Plaintiff's Rule 56(f) Motion") (Document No. 34).

Upon consideration of Plaintiff's motion, Defendant's opposition thereto (Document No. 36), Plaintiff's reply (Document No. 41) and the entire record herein, Plaintiff's motion will be denied.

Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in pertinent part, that if a party opposing [a motion for summary judgment] shows by affidavit that, for specified reasons, it cannot present facts essential to justify its opposition, the court may . . . (2) order a continuance to enable affidavits to be obtained, depositions to be taken, or other discovery to be undertaken[.]

Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(f) (emphasis supplied).

With respect to the affidavit required by Rule 56(f), this court has held that the explanation in the affidavit must be made on personal knowledge and set forth facts as would be admissible in evidence and show that the affiant is competent to testify to the matters stated in the affidavit. The party that is seeking discovery has the burden of identifying the facts to be discovered that would create a triable issue and why the party cannot produce those facts in opposition to the motion. In addition, the party has to demonstrate a reasonable basis for why he believes that discovery might reveal triable issues of fact.

Bangoura v. U.S. Dep't. of the Army, No. CIV.A.05-0311, 2006 WL 3734164, at *3 (D.D.C. Walls v. Peters 4 December 8, 2006) (citations and internal quotations omitted); see also Reshard v. Peters, 579 F. Supp. 2d 57, 68 n.11 (D.D.C. 2008) (trial court's denial of Plaintiff's Rule 56(f) motion proper where Plaintiff, in Plaintiff's affidavit, "failed to identify any 'probable facts not available' and to 'state with specificity how additional discovery would rebut summary judgment motion.'") (citing Trask v. Franco, 446 F.3d 1036, 1042 (10th Cir. 2006)).

The undersigned finds that Plaintiff has made no effort to satisfy the Rule 56(f) standard, and indeed, does not even acknowledge it in the memorandum in support of her motion. The rule plainly requires that the party moving for a continuance demonstrate, "for specified reasons," that the party "cannot present facts essential to justify [the movant's] opposition" to the opposing party's motion for summary judgment. However, Plaintiff does not do so, and instead, offers conjecture regarding additional facts which might be disclosed if further discovery were permitted. See, e.g., Plaintiff's Rule 56(f) Motion at 3 ("Plaintiff disputes that comparators are a necessary and mandatory requirement to make a prima facie case[,] but submits that "information about comparators would nonetheless assist Plaintiff in overcoming summary judgment."); id. at 4 (a showing that Plaintiff, a female, was held to a higher standard than male employees who were promoted "would require securing the services of an expert witness[.]"); id. at 5 ("Plaintiff requested discovery on [issues regarding disparate treatment of females and minorities] but needs a continuance of discovery to further expand upon the information provided."). Plaintiff asserts--without explanation--that "Plaintiff was not able to take any depositions during the litigation." Id. at 6.

Moreover, Rule 56(f) requires that the requisite showing be made "by affidavit[.]"

Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(f). However, the affidavit filed by Plaintiff (Plaintiff's ...

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