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Hamilton v. Sanofi-Aventis U.S.

June 15, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Emmet G. Sullivan United States District Judge


Sedrick Hamilton ("Plaintiff") has brought a two-count complaint against his employer, pharmaceutical company SanofiAventis ("Defendant" or "the company"). Count I alleges that Defendant violated the D.C. Human Rights Act by harassing Plaintiff because of his disability, refusing to provide reasonable accommodation for his disability, and discharging him, at least in part, because of his disability. Plaintiff alleges in Count II that Defendant committed the common law tort of false imprisonment by restraining him in a storage space by duress.

Defendant has filed a motion to dismiss Count II pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6). Specifically, Defendant contends that the D.C. Workers' Compensation Act ("WCA") governs this claim, which in turn would mean that an administrative agency -- the D.C. Department of Employment Services ("DOES" or "the agency") -- has primary jurisdiction to adjudicate the claim. Defendant argues in the alternative that Plaintiff has failed to state a claim of false imprisonment because he failed to allege that he was physically restrained. Upon consideration of the motion, response and reply thereto, the applicable law, and the entire record herein, the Court GRANTS Defendant's motion to dismiss Count II of the complaint pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1).

I. Background

A. Factual Background*fn1

As a result of severe bacterial meningitis contracted in June 2000, Plaintiff has disabilities stemming from the amputation of three toes, hard calluses on his heels and the balls of his feet, and chronic pain. Compl. ¶ 7. Plaintiff has also suffered from periodic migraine headaches since an automobile accident that occurred in 2005. Compl. ¶ 7.

Plaintiff was hired by Defendant's District Manager, Maria Thompson ("Thompson"), to work as a specialty sales representative, and began working on February 16, 2006. Compl. ¶ 8. As a condition of taking the job, Plaintiff notified Thompson in the interview that he could work full days as long as he was permitted to take periodic breaks -- typically four fifteen-minute breaks over the course of the day. Compl. ¶¶ 12, 20. Thompson accepted this condition as long as Plaintiff made eight sales calls a day and created a productive work schedule. Compl. ¶ 12. Nevertheless, the allegations in Plaintiff's complaint make clear that, from Plaintiff's perspective, there exists a contentious relationship between himself and Thompson relating to his performance and the extent to which his physical disability enables him to perform his job satisfactorily.

For example, during a first ride-along, Thompson asked Plaintiff how he was feeling, and he confessed that he was having migraine headaches. Compl. ¶ 15. She expressed dissatisfaction with the confession because it showed he could not handle the work, and she subsequently gave him a mediocre job review. Compl. ¶ 15-16. After a second ride-along, Thompson gave Plaintiff a poor job review. Compl. ¶ 19. This stands in contrast to a laudatory review that he received from the Acting District Manager, Michael Bienick, who filled in for Thompson while she was on maternity leave. Compl. ¶¶ 16-17. Thompson also allegedly sent a derogatory memorandum concerning Plaintiff's performance after he complained to Human Resources regarding Thompson's treatment of him. Compl. ¶¶ 22-23. Plaintiff claims to have requested a meeting with Thompson to discuss his progress and their relationship, which Thompson refused. Compl. ¶ 26. Finally, Thompson and Defendant's Regional Manager accused Plaintiff of refusing to respond to their phone calls despite the fact that he had a medical appointment when they called. Compl. ¶ 27.

Plaintiff's false imprisonment claim arises out of events that took place on October 12, 2007. On that day, Thompson and Tom Hersh ("Hersh"), Defendant's auditor, requested that Plaintiff meet them at the Washington Hotel. Compl. ¶ 28. Thompson and Hersh announced that they were randomly auditing the Arlington, VA storage unit provided by the company in which Plaintiff maintained his inventory of marketing materials and pharmaceutical product samples. Compl. ¶ 28. Per company policy, Plaintiff had to be present for the audit and within eyesight during the entire audit. Compl. ¶ 29. As a part of the audit, Thompson requested that Plaintiff assist them in moving some items contained in the storage unit. Compl. ¶ 30. Plaintiff pointed out that he had a disability and asked if he could change from his dress shoes into different shoes that were located in his car, but Thompson refused to allow Plaintiff to go to his car and required him to stand and walk for the entire audit. Compl. ¶ 31.

Plaintiff complains that he sustained injuries to his feet as his heel bone "slashed through his flesh" as a result of the physical labor from the audit. Compl. ¶ 39. Eventually, Plaintiff contacted Defendant's Human Resources Representative, Scott Rew ("Rew"), and apprised him of the situation. Compl. ¶ 33. Rew told Plaintiff to document the situation and also told Thompson that Plaintiff was not required to perform any physical labor. Compl. ¶ 33. Thompson nevertheless required Plaintiff to stand while the audit continued. Compl. ¶ 34. Plaintiff complied for part of the time, but eventually the pain of standing became so unbearable that he returned to his car. Compl. ¶¶ 34-35.

After the storage-unit audit, Thompson ordered Plaintiff to leave the car while Hersh and Thompson audited the car. Compl. ¶ 35. Hersh then accompanied Plaintiff in Plaintiff's car to the Washington Hotel where the three would review the results of the audit. Compl. ¶ 37. Plaintiff, however, cut short the audit review because of the severe pain in his feet. He left after his friend -- an attorney whom Plaintiff had called for help -- arrived at 6:39 p.m. Compl. ¶ 38. According to the complaint, the injury caused from this incident resulted in a severe pain and required one surgery. Compl. ¶ 40. After returning from medical leave, Plaintiff's employment was terminated as of May 28, 2008. Compl. ¶ 41.

B. Procedural Background

Plaintiff filed a complaint against Defendant in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on October 9, 2008. Defendant removed the case to this Court based on diversity jurisdiction and subsequently filed a motion to dismiss Count II of the complaint (the false imprisonment claim).*fn2

Plaintiff opposes Defendant's motion and requests that the Court strike the Background section contained therein, arguing that the section contains facts that "directly contradict the allegations of the Complaint." Pl.'s Opp'n at 2. Defendant responds that "[it] did not intend for the information presented in the Background section to be considered for any other purpose and, in fact, acknowledged that this Court is bound to consider the facts in the Complaint as true for purposes of this Motion." Def.'s Reply at 2 n.1. The Court agrees with Defendant that the Background section ...

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