UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
December 8, 2009
NEW LIFE EVANGELISTIC CENTER, INC., PLAINTIFF,
KATHLEEN SEBELIUS, SECRETARY OF THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND PAUL F. PROUTY,ADMINISTRATOR, U.S. GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Colleen Kollar-kotelly United States District Judge
Plaintiff, New Life Evangelistic Center, Inc. ("New Life" or the "organization"), filed the above-captioned matter on July 13, 2009, naming as Defendants, Kathleen Sebelius, in her official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS"), and Paul F. Prouty, in his official capacity as Administrator of the U.S. General Services Administration ("GSA") (collectively, "Defendants"). New Life challenges HHS' denial of the organization's application made pursuant to Title V of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act ("McKinney Act" or the "Act") to use a particular piece of federal property located at 339 Broadway Street, Cape Girardeau, Missouri for a homeless assistance program.
On Tuesday, July 21, 2009, shortly after filing the Complaint in this matter, New Life filed a  Motion for Preliminary Injunction. In order to permit the parties a more generous (although expedited) schedule for briefing the merits of Plaintiff's Complaint, as well as to provide the Court with additional time to adequately consider the parties' arguments as set forth therein, the parties agreed that: (1) GSA would not sell the surplus property at issue prior to January 1, 2010 (and would provide the Court and New Life with 30 days notice of any such sale, if GSA decided to sell the property at any time after January 1, 2010); and (2) New Life's  Motion for Preliminary Injunction would be converted into and treated as its opening brief on the merits of Plaintiff's Complaint. Pursuant to that agreement, the Court deems New Life's now-pending  motion as its opening motion on the merits.
As set forth therein, New Life contends that HHS' decision denying its application for use of surplus federal property under the McKinney Act is arbitrary, capricious and contrary to the law. New Life therefore seeks an order vacating HHS' decision below and remanding this case back to HHS for further review and explanation. Upon thorough consideration of the parties' submissions, the administrative record, applicable case law, the relevant statutory and regulatory authority, as well as the record of this case as a whole, the Court concludes that HHS' decision below must be vacated and this case must be remanded to the agency for further action consistent with this Memorandum Opinion, for the reasons set forth below.
A. Statutory and Regulatory Background
Congress passed the McKinney Act in 1987, recognizing that "the federal government 'has a clear responsibility and existing capacity' to help meet an immediate and unprecedented crisis due to the lack of shelter for a growing number of individuals and families." Nat'l Law Ctr. on Homelessness & Poverty v. U.S. Veterans Admin., 98 F. Supp. 2d 25, 27 (D.D.C. 2000) (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 1130(a)(1) & (6)). In particular, Title V of the Act, 42 U.S.C. § 11411, and its implementing regulations, 45 C.F.R. § 12a et seq., provide a detailed regulatory framework for making "unutilized, underutilized, excess or surplus" federal real property available for use by representatives of the homeless. 45 C.F.R. § 12a.2(a); see also 42 U.S.C. § 14111(a)-(f). The Act appropriates and modifies, in part, the administrative procedures established by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 ("FPASA"), 40 U.S.C. § 541, et seq., which authorizes HHS to dispose of surplus property "as needed for use in the protection of public health," 40 U.S.C. § 550(d)(1), a congressional mandate interpreted to include use by organizations which provide "services (including shelter) to homeless individuals," 45 C.F.R. § 12.3(e). In order "to use public resources and programs in a more coordinated manner to meet the critically urgent needs of the homeless," 42 U.S.C. § 11301(b)(2), the Act instructs HHS, GSA, and the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD"), to cooperate in identifying, publicizing, and reserving suitable surplus federal real property, id. § 11411(a)-(d). Of particular relevance to the case at hand, the Act charges HHS with soliciting and evaluating applications for use of designated properties submitted by representatives of the homeless. Id. § 11411(e).
The process starts with HUD, which is responsible for canvassing the landholding agencies - i.e., the federal department or agency with statutory authority to control the property, 45 C.F.R. § 12a.1. On a quarterly basis, HUD collects data on properties that are described as unutilized, underutilized, excess or surplus by the landholding agencies (or that are in GSA's current inventory of excess or surplus property).*fn1 Id. §§ 12a.3(a) & (c). Within 30 days of receipt of this information, HUD is required to make a determination as to the suitability of each property for use as a facility to assist the homeless and to notify the landholding agency of its conclusion. Id. §§ 12a.3(a)(1) & 12a.4; see also id. § 12a.5(c); 42 U.S.C. § 11411(a). Pursuant to the implementing regulations, all properties are determined suitable unless a property is affected by one or more of certain enumerated conditions.*fn2 See 42 C.F.R. § 12a.6.
Once a landholding agency is notified by HUD that a property has been determined to be suitable for use to assist the homeless, the agency must advise HUD within 45 days as follows:
(1) with respect to unutilized or underutilized property, the agency must indicate whether (a) it intends to declare the property excess or to make the property available for use to assist the homeless or (b) the reasons why the property cannot be declared excess or made available for use to assist the homeless; and (2) with respect to excess property previously reported to GSA, the agency must indicate whether (a) there is no compelling federal need for the property, such that it may be determined surplus or (b) an explanation as to why there is a further and compelling Federal need for the property, such that it is not presently available for use to assist the homeless. Id. § 12a.7; see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(b).
HUD is then required to publish in the Federal Register a description of any available property that has been determined suitable for use as a facility to assist the homeless. See 45 C.F.R. § 12a.8(a); see also 42 U.S.C. § 1411(c). Once such information is published, GSA is authorized to notify certain entities - namely, state and local government units, any known homeless assistance providers that have expressed interest in the particular property, as well as any other appropriate organization - that suitable, excess property is available for use. 45 C.F.R. § 12.a5(g). Properties published as available for use to assist the homeless may not be used by landholding agencies for any other purpose for a period of 60 days from publication of the notice. Id. § 12a.9(a)(1); see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(d). Any representatives of the homeless who are interested in such property must send HHS a written "expression of interest" within that 60-day time period. 45 C.F.R. §§ 12a.9(1)-(3), 12.3. Upon timely receipt of a representative's written expression of interest, the property may not be made available for any other purpose until the application has been resolved. Id. § 12a.9(a)(2).*fn3
Once HHS has received an expression of interest, it sends the interested entity an application packet, which requires the applicant to provide information including the following:
(1) Description of the applicant organization. The applicant must document that it satisfies the definition of a "representative of the homeless" . . . . The applicant must document its authority to hold real property. Private non-profit organizations applying for deeds must document that they are section 501(c)(3) tax-exempt.
(2) Description of the property desired. The applicant must describe the property desired and indicate that any modifications made to the property will conform to local use restrictions except for local zoning regulations.
(3) Description of the proposed program. The applicant must fully describe the proposed program and demonstrate how the program will address the needs of the homeless population to be assisted. The applicant must fully describe what modifications will be made to the property before the program becomes operational.
(4) Ability to finance and operate the proposed program. The applicant must specifically describe all anticipated costs and sources of funding for the proposed program. The applicant must indicate that it can assume care, custody, and maintenance of the property and that it has the necessary funds or the ability to obtain such funds to carry out the approved program of use for the property.
(5) Compliance with non-discrimination requirements. Each applicant and lessee under this part must certify in writing that it will comply with the requirements of [the relevant Federal non-discrimination laws]. The applicant must state that it will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, familial status, or handicap in the use of the property, and will maintain the required records to demonstrate compliance with Federal laws.
(6) Insurance. The applicant must certify that it will insure the property against loss, damage, or destruction . . . .
(7) Historic preservation. Where applicable, the applicant must provide information that will enable HHS to comply with Federal historic preservation requirements.
(8) Environmental information. The applicant must provide sufficient information to allow HHS to analyze the potential impact of the applicant's proposal on the environment, in accordance with the instructions provided with the application packet.
(9) Local government notification. The applicant must indicate that it has informed the applicable unit of general local government responsible for providing sewer, water, police, and fire services, in writing of its proposed program.
(10) Zoning and Local Use Restrictions. The applicant must indicate that it will comply with all local use restrictions, including local building code requirements. Any applicant which applies for a lease or permit for a particular property is not required to comply with local zoning requirements. Any applicant applying for a deed of a particular property, pursuant to § 12a.9(b)(3), must comply with local zoning requirements, as specified in 45 CFR part 12.
Id. § 12a.9(b); see also Administrative Record (hereinafter "AR") at 686-715 (copy of Application Instruction Booklet for HHS' Federal Property Assistance Program Homeless) (hereinafter "Application Instruction Booklet"). Applications must be received by HHS within 90 days after receipt of the expression of interest, 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(d); 42 U.S.C. § 11411(e)(2), and are considered on a "first-come, first-serve basis," 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2). "Upon receipt of an application, HHS will review it for completeness and, if incomplete, may return it or ask the applicant to furnish any missing or additional required information prior to final evaluation of the application." Id. § 12a.9(e)(1). Applicants are expressly advised, however, that, "[d]ue to the short time frame imposed for evaluating applications, HHS' evaluation will, generally, be limited to the information contained in the application." Id. § 12a.9(c).*fn4
HHS must complete its evaluation of an application within 25 days of receipt and promptly notify the applicant of its decision. Id. § 12a.9(e)(2); see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(e)(3). Pursuant to the relevant regulations, all applications must be evaluated on the basis of the following five, non-exhaustive criteria (which are listed in descending order of priority, except that the final two factors are of equal importance):
(i) Services offered. The extent and range of proposed services, such as meals, shelter, job training, and counseling.
(ii) Need. The demand for the program and the degree to which the available property will be fully utilized.
(iii) Implementation Time. The amount of time necessary for the proposed program to become operational.
(iv) Experience. Demonstrated prior success in operating similar programs and recommendations attesting to that fact by Federal, State, and local authorities.
(v) Financial Ability. The adequacy of funding that will likely be available to run the program fully and properly and to operate the facility.
45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2). In addition, the regulations provide that when construction or major renovation is not required or proposed by an applicant, "the property must be placed into use within twelve (12) months from the date of transfer." 45 C.F.R. § 12.3(c); AR at 689. If an applicant contemplates construction or major renovation at the date of transfer, "the property must be placed in use within 36 months from the date of transfer." 45 C.F.R. § 12.3(c); AR at 689.*fn5 Finally, HHS may add additional evaluation factors as it deems necessary; the application packet must be revised accordingly to include a description of any such newly-added factors. Id. § 12a.9(e)(3).
If HHS approves an application made pursuant to Title V, it notifies the applicant - now grantee - and undertakes the necessary steps to effect assignment and transfer of the property. See id. § 12a.10(b).*fn6 As is relevant in this case, if HHS approves an application for excess or surplus property, it requests GSA assign the property to HHS for subsequent conveyance to the grantee.*fn7 See id. The regulations specify that "[p]rior to assignment to HHS, GSA may consider other Federal uses and other important national needs; however, in deciding the disposition of surplus real property, GSA will generally give priority of consideration to uses to assist the homeless." Id. § 12a.10(b)(2). Accordingly, GSA will assign the property to HHS for transfer to the applicant, unless GSA determines that another disposal need is so "meritorious and compelling" that it outweighs the needs of the homeless. See id.; see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(f)(3)(A). If GSA or HHS decides to assign the property to a competing request over a request made by an applicant to use the facility to assist the homeless, the agency must "transmit to the appropriate committees of the Congress an explanatory statement" for that decision. 45 C.F.R. § 12a.10(b)(3); see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(f)(3)(B).
Assuming GSA decides to assign the property to HHS, HHS will, upon receipt of the assignment, transfer the property by quitclaim deed or lease to the grantee. See 45 C.F.R. § 12a.10(b)(1); see also 42 U.S.C. § 11411(3). Title V grantees are entitled to a 100-percent public benefit discount and receive the surplus federal property at no cost. See 45 C.F.R. § 12.9(a) & Exhibit A (of the regulation) (stating that the 100-percent public benefit allowance is "[a]pplicable when [assistance to the homeless] is the primary use to be made of the property."). McKinney Act grantees, like other public benefit conveyance recipients, must use the property according to the terms approved in their application for a period of 30 years from the date of the initial deed and may not sell, lease, sublease, or otherwise encumber the property without prior written consent. See id. §§ 12a.10, 12.9(c).
B. Factual and Procedural Background*fn8
New Life is a self-described 501(c)(3) organization that provides services to homeless men, women and children throughout Missouri, Illinois, Kansas and Arkansas. Compl., Docket No.  ¶ 1; see also AR at 717. On July 13, 2009, the organization filed the above-captioned matter seeking judicial review of HHS' decision denying New Life's application for federal surplus property under Title V of the McKinney Act - more specifically, for use of the federal building and courthouse located at 339 Broadway Street in Cape Girardeau (the "Broadway Street Property"). See generally Compl. ¶ 1.
On December, 19, 2008, GSA issued a determination of surplus for the Broadway Street Property, noting that the excess property had been screened and no longer served a federal need. AR at 680; see also id. at 157-160. HUD published an availability announcement in the Federal Register that same day. See Federal Property Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless, 73 Fed. Reg. 77821-01, 77822 (Dec. 19, 2008). As described therein, the 47,867-square-foot property contained two parcels: (1) a 0.82-acre plot on which the federal building, courthouse and parking lot were located ("Parcel 1"); and (2) a 0.186-acre garden area known as the May Greene Garden ("Parcel 2"). AR at 680; see also id. at 157-160, 170.
New Life filed its expression of interest requesting an application for use of the property on January 26, 2009, id. at 681, and thereafter filed a formal application on May 1, 2009, id. at 716-1006. In its application, New Life proposed serving "temporary and/or chronically homeless persons in Cape Girardeau, Missouri and the surrounding twenty-two rural counties." Id. at 721. More specifically, New Life proposed providing transitional housing and related services through its "Core Program" to approximately 125 homeless individuals per year, 20 of whom would also be eligible to receive job training through New Life's Leadership Job Training Program, as well as emergency shelter and a free store to an additional 1,100 homeless individuals per year. Id. at 721-22. These services would be made available to five groups of homeless persons - single homeless men; single homeless women; homeless women and children; homeless families; and homeless veterans - with a particular focus on homeless veterans and families. Id. at 721-22.
By letter to New Life President Rev. Lawrence W. Rice, Jr., on May 28, 2009, HHS denied New Life's application for failure to meet the threshold requirements for four of the five criteria set forth at 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2): namely, services offered, need, implementation time, and financial ability. AR at 1023-26. On July 13, 2009, New Life filed the instant action challenging that decision. See Compl. Shortly thereafter, on July 21, 2009, New Life moved for a preliminary injunction. See Pl.'s Mot., Docket No. . The Court held an on-the-record telephone conference with counsel for all parties that same day. See 7/21/09 Min. Entry. Pursuant to that discussion, the parties were required to file a joint status report advising the Court as to how the parties suggested proceeding with the case; in particular, the parties were to advise the Court whether: (a) they wanted to proceed immediately with briefing Plaintiff's request for a preliminary injunction on an emergency basis; or (b) whether they had been able to reach an agreement that would permit the Court and the parties to address the merits of Plaintiff's Complaint on a more generous (although expedited) schedule. See 7/24/09 Order, Docket No. .
The parties timely filed the required joint status report on July 23, 2009. See Docket No. . As set forth therein, the parties agreed that GSA would stay the sale of Parcel 1 of the Broadway Street Property until January 1, 2010. Id. at 1. Following expiration of that stay, GSA further agreed that it would provide both the Court and New Life 30 days notice prior to selling Parcel 1. Id. at 2. With respect to Parcel 2, the parties advised the Court that the area was currently administered by the United States National Park Service. Id. at 2. As such, GSA did not have any legal control over the disposition or sale of Parcel 2 and therefore could not similarly guarantee that it would not be sold, transferred or otherwise unencumbered prior to January 1, 2010.*fn9 Id. Based on this understanding and agreement by GSA to stay sale of the majority of the Broadway Street Property that was under its control - i.e., Parcel 1 - the parties indicated that they had agreed that Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction should be converted into and treated as New Life's opening brief on the merits of its Complaint, and that the parties should proceed directly to brief the merits of the instant lawsuit on a more generous, but nonetheless, expedited schedule. See id.
Based on the parties' representations in their joint status report, the Court issued an Order on July 24, 2009, adopting the parties' agreement, as set forth above, in full. See 7/24/09 Order, Docket No. . Accordingly, as agreed by the parties, New Life's  Motion for Preliminary Injunction would be converted into and treated as Plaintiff's opening brief on the merits of the Complaint. Id. at 1-2; see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(a)(2) ("Before . . . beginning the hearing on a motion for a preliminary injunction, the court may advance the trial on the merits and consolidate it with the hearing."). The Court also adopted the parties' proposed briefing schedule (as later amended), see 7/24/09 Order at 2; 9/30/09 Min. Order, pursuant to which Defendants' opposition and the administrative record were filed on October 9, 2009, and New Life's reply on November 9, 2009. See id.; see also 9/30/09 Min. Order. By permission of the Court, Defendants also filed a surreply, see Docket No. , and New Life filed a response to that surreply, see Docket No. . Briefing is now complete, and the merits of New Life's Complaint are ripe for the Court's review and resolution.
II. LEGAL STANDARD
Both parties agree that HHS' decision to deny New Life's application for the Broadway Street Property is properly analyzed under the standard of review set forth in the APA, pursuant to which a court must set aside an agency action that is "arbitrary and capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with the law." 5 U.S.C. § 706. "'The party challenging an agency's action as arbitrary and capricious bears the burden of proof.'" City of Olmsted Falls v. Fed. Aviation Admin., 292 F.3d 261, 271 (D.C. Cir. 2002) (quoting Lomak Petroleum, Inc. v. Fed. Energy Regulatory Comm'n, 206 F.3d 1193, 1198 (D.C. Cir. 2000)). To survive the "arbitrary and capricious" standard, an agency must "'examine the relevant data and articulate a satisfactory explanation for its action, including a rational connection between the facts found and the choice made." PPL Wallingford Energy LLC v. Fed. Energy Regulatory Comm'n, 419 F.3d 1194, 1198 (D.C. Cir. 2005) (quoting Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 463 U.S. 29, 43 (1983) (internal punctuation omitted). By contrast, an agency [decision] would be arbitrary and capricious if the agency has relied on factors which Congress has not intended it to consider, entirely failed to consider an important aspect of the problem, offered an explanation for its decision that runs counter to the evidence before the agency, or is so implausible that it could not be ascribed to a difference in view or the product of agency expertise. The reviewing court should not attempt itself to make up for such deficiencies: "We may not supply a reasoned basis for the agency's action that the agency itself has not given."
Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43 (quoting Sec. and Exch. Comm'n v. Chenery Corp., 332 U.S. 194, 196 (1947)).
This standard of review is highly deferential to the agency, so that a Court need not find that the agency's decision is "the only reasonable one, or even that it is the result [the Court] would have reached had the question arisen in the first instance in judicial proceedings." Am. Paper Inst., Inc. v. Am. Elec. Paper Serv. Corp., 461 U.S. 402, 422 (1983). The Court is not entitled to substitute its judgment for that of the agency. Citizens to Preserve Overton Park, Inc. v. Volpe, 401 U.S. 402, 416 (1971). Finally, an agency decision must generally be affirmed on the grounds stated therein, and a reviewing court may not attempt to supply "a reasoned basis for the agency's action that the agency itself has not given." Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43. Consistent with this review standard, judicial review is confined to the full administrative record before the agency at the time the decision was made. Envtl. Def. Fund, Inc. v. Costle, 657 F.2d 275, 284 (D.C. Cir. 1981).
Before turning to the merits of the parties' arguments, the Court first pauses briefly to emphasize once again the limited nature of its review in this case. The Court is not asked to - and does not herein - rule upon the ultimate merits of New Life's application for the Broadway Street Property; Congress has charged HHS, and not this Court, with reviewing and considering in the first instance the merits of applications for surplus federal property under the McKinney Act. As explained above, the only issue now before the Court is whether HHS, in reaching that decision, "'examine[d] the relevant data and articulate[d] a satisfactory explanation for its action.'" PPL Wallingford Energy, 419 F.3d at 1198 (quoting Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43)).
In the case at hand, HHS determined, based on its consideration of the five factors set forth in 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2), that New Life's application should be denied because it "failed to make the necessary showing under" four of the five factors set forth in the regulations - services offered; need; implementation time; and financial ability. AR at 1026. Importantly, that decision was the result of a multiple-level balancing test. HHS was required to consider each of the five factors set forth above before then considering whether, on balance and giving due weight to the factors as specified by the implementing regulations, New Life's application should be granted or denied. The record reflects that HHS ultimately determined , based on its specific findings regarding each of the five factors, that New Life had not satisfied four of the five evaluation criteria and that this showing was insufficient, on balance, to support approval of the application. In other words, HHS concluded that all of the identified deficiencies in New Life's application - on balance and giving due weight to each factor - favored denial of the application. See id. at 1023-26. Consequently, if the Court finds that HHS erred in reaching any of the underlying conclusions supporting its ultimate decision to deny the application, then the Court must remand this matter back to HHS for its reconsideration in light of the Court's findings.It is not for the Court to decide in the first instance whether and how changes to the underlying factors will affect, if at all, HHS' ultimate conclusion regarding New Life's application. Cf. Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43 ("The reviewing court should not attempt itself to make up for such deficiencies: 'We may not supply a reasoned basis for the agency's action that the agency itself has not given.'") (quoting Chenery Corp., 332 U.S. at 196); Palisades Gen. Hosp. Inc. v. Leavitt, 426 F.3d 400, 403 (D.C. Cir. 2005) ("Thus, under settled principles of administrative law, when a court reviewing agency action determines that an agency made an error of law, the court's inquiry is at an end: the case must be remanded to the agency for further action consistent with the correct legal standards.") (internal quotations and citations omitted).
With this legal framework in mind, the Court now turns to the merits of New Life's arguments. New Life, in challenging HHS' decision below, has employed a largely scattershot approach, asserting that nearly all of the agency's underlying findings supporting its decision to deny the organization's application are arbitrary, capricious and/or contrary to law. Although the Court finds that many of New Life's arguments appear to be without merit based on the present record, the Court nonetheless agrees with New Life that HHS' decision must be vacated and this case remanded back to the agency for three principal reasons.
A. HHS Improperly Faulted New Life for Failing to Adequately Explain Services That Were Not Proposed in the Organization's Application
First, the Court finds that HHS erred when it faulted New Life for failing to sufficiently explain how it proposed to deliver primary health care services to its homeless client because the organization never in fact proposed to provide such services in its application. As set forth in its denial letter rejecting New Life's application, HHS criticized the organization for failing to make clear how it "proposes to deliver mental health and substance abuse services, as well as primary care services" in light of "the high rate of primary healthcare needs and behavioral health issues among persons experiencing homelessness." AR at 1024 (emphasis added). As New Life points out, however, its application does not include any proposal regarding primary health care services. Although New Life's application included proposals to provide clients with referrals for mental health and substance abuse services, see, e.g., id. at 732 (indicating that New Life would offer "referral[s] to internal and external supportive services including, but not limited to, . . . in-patient or out-patient mental health care or substance abuse treatment (as needed) or support groups . . ."), the application does not reflect any similar proposals to assist the organization's clients with their primary healthcare needs. See generally AR at 716-1006.*fn10
New Life argues, and HHS does not dispute, that neither the McKinney Act nor its implementing regulations require that an applicant for surplus federal property demonstrate an intent to provide primary health care services. Pl.'s Mot. at 16-17; see Defs.' Opp'n at 12. Rather, the Act is aimed at providing services such as "meals, shelter, job training and counseling," and does not obligate applicants for surplus property to also provide health care services. See 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2)(i)). Admittedly, as HHS emphasizes, applicants such as New Life are free to propose the provision of a wide variety of services, including medical services, as part of their application, and once an applicant chooses to do so, HHS is obligated to ensure that the application adequately explains how the proposed service(s) will be delivered. See Defs.' Opp'n at 12; see also AR at 690 (the list of proposed services in 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(e)(2)(i) is "not exhaustive" and "other services are considered as they are proposed"). In this case, however, New Life did not propose assisting clients with their primary health care needs. Accordingly, HHS cannot require New Life to provide such services nor deny its application based on the organization's failure to adequately explain how it will deliver these medical services where New Life did not propose to actually do so. Cf. Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43 ("the agency must . . . articulate a satisfactory explanation for its explanation including a 'rational connection between the facts found and the choice made'") (quoting Burlington Truck Lines v. United States, 371 U.S. 156, 168 (1962)). HHS therefore erred when it took into consideration New Life's failure to adequately explain how it would deliver primary care services, and, for this reason, the matter must be remanded.*fn11
B. HHS Failed to Address Contradictory Evidence Provided by New Life Regarding the Need for the Proposed Services
Second, HHS erred when it failed to address contradictory evidence submitted by New Life regarding the population of homeless individuals needing shelter in Cape Girardeau and surrounding areas. In evaluating whether New Life satisfied the second evaluation criteria, which looks to the need for the proposed services, HHS concluded that, "[w]hile there may be a need in Cape Girardeau for additional homeless services, [New Life] fails to demonstrate the need for a program of the scope and size proposed." AR at 1024. As set forth in HHS' denial letter, the agency based this conclusion solely on certain data submitted by New Life that had been drawn from a "point-in-time" survey conducted by the Missouri Housing Development Commission. Id. at 1024-25. New Life's application, however, also included additional evidence and statistical data suggesting that the point-in-time data relied upon by HHS in fact underestimated the number of homeless in Cape Girardeau and the surrounding areas, such that the actual number of homeless individuals was significantly higher - as high as 2,197 people in Cape Girardeau city alone. Id. at 740-44.
Significantly, HHS did not address this additional data in its denial letter. Although HHS now proffers an explanation as to why this additional information does not affect its decision that New Life failed to adequately establish a need for its proposed services, the denial letter rejecting the organization's application is entirely silent on this point. See id. at 1024-25. As explained above, "the agency must examine the relevant data and articulate a satisfactory explanation for its action including a 'rational connection between the facts found and the choice made.'" Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43 (quoting Burlington Truck Lines, 371 U.S. at 168). An agency errs when it ignores contradictory relevant evidence regarding a critical factor in its decision. See Morall v. Drug Enforcement Admin., 412 F.3d 165, 178 (D.C. Cir. 2005); see also El Rio Santa Cruz Neighborhood Health Ctr., Inc. v. HHS, 396 F.3d 1265, 1278 (D.C. Cir. 2005) (finding agency action "arbitrary and capricious because [it] failed adequately to address relevant evidence before it"). Accordingly, HHS was in error when it relied solely on the pointin-time data provided by New Life without addressing the additional, contradictory data included in the organization's application. On remand, if HHS chooses to continue to rely only on the point-in-time studies to support its decision, the agency must explain its decision to discount the other statistical data provided by New Life.*fn12
C. HHS Erred When it Concluded that New Life's Application Did Not Include Funding for its Proposed Capital Projects
Third and finally, the Court finds that HHS erred when it found that New Life had not allocated funds for capital improvements within its proposed budget. AR at 1025. To the contrary, as New Life points out, attached to its application is a three-page spreadsheet setting forth the estimated costs for proposed capital projects and proposed revenue sources for those projects. Id. at 955-58 ("Attachment M-2"). As shown therein, New Life proposed funding its capital projects through its "Capital Campaign: Transition to Hope," which consists of a "direct mail campaign," "major events (fund-raisers)" and "private foundation grants." Id. It is unclear to the Court, then, why HHS concluded in its denial letter that "[t]here are no funds allocated for capital improvements within the budget." Id. at 1025. Because HHS' conclusion appears to contradict evidence in the record, the Court finds HHS was in error. See Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass'n, 463 U.S. at 43 (it is error for agency to "offer an explanation for its decision that runs counter to the evidence before the agency"). On remand, HHS must explain its conclusion that New Life did not allocate funding for its proposed capital improvements in light of this information or remove its reliance on this finding as support for its decision.*fn13
For the reasons outlined above, the Court concludes that HHS' decision must be vacated and this case remanded to the agency for further consideration. Although New Life has raised a plethora of additional challenges to HHS' decision, the Court finds it unnecessary to address many of New Life's remaining arguments in light of the current procedural posture of this case.*fn14
New Life's motion for summary judgment is therefore GRANTED insofar as it seeks vacatur of the decision below and remand. Accordingly, HHS' decision denying New Life's application is vacated, and this case is remanded to the agency for further action consistent with this Memorandum Opinion. Pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(a)(2), the property at issue "may not be made available for any other purpose until the application has been resolved."
For the reasons set forth above, New Life's motion for summary judgment is GRANTED insofar as it seeks vacatur of the decision below and remand. Accordingly, HHS' decision denying New Life's application is vacated, and this case is remanded to the agency for further action consistent with this Memorandum Opinion. Pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 12a.9(a)(2), the property at issue "may not be made available for any other purpose until the application has been resolved." An appropriate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.