The opinion of the court was delivered by: Colleen Kollar-kotelly United States District Judge
Plaintiffs International Painters and Allied Trade Industry Pension Fund ("Pension Fund"), Gary J. Meyers, in his official capacity as fiduciary of the Pension Fund, the Political Action Together Fund ("PAT Fund"), and the Painters and Allied Trades Labor Management Cooperation Initiative ("LMCI") (collectively, "Plaintiffs"), filed a Complaint in this case against Defendant Brighton Painting Company, on November 9, 2009, alleging that Defendant failed to pay the proper amount of contributions owed under the relevant collective bargaining agreements and related agreements. See Compl., Docket No. . Although properly and timely served with the Complaint and Summons, Defendant failed to respond to the Complaint, and the Clerk of the Court, upon the filing of an affidavit of default by Plaintiffs, entered default against Defendant on January 11, 2010. See Clerk's Entry of Default, Docket No. . Presently before the Court is Plaintiffs'  Motion for Default Judgment. Having thoroughly considered Plaintiffs' submissions, the attachments thereto, applicable case law, statutory authority, and the record of the case as a whole, the Court shall GRANT Plaintiffs'  Motion for Default Judgment, for the reasons stated below.
Plaintiffs filed the Complaint in the above-captioned matter on November 9, 2009. See Compl. As set forth in the Complaint, Plaintiffs assert that Defendant is bound through its collective bargaining agreements with one or more local labor unions or district councils affiliated with the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades, AFL-CIO, CLC ("Labor Agreements"), and that Defendant has also signed onto and agreed to abide by the terms of the Agreement and Declaration of Trust of the Fund ("Trust Agreement') and the plan documents for the ERISA Funds (as defined below) administered by the Pension Fund and Meyers ("Plan Agreements"). Id. ¶¶ 16-17; see also id., Ex. 1 (Labor Agreements), Ex. 2 (Trust Agreement), Ex. 3 (Plan Agreement). Pursuant to the terms of those agreements, Plaintiffs assert that they are entitled to a monetary award in the amount of the unpaid contributions, liquidated damages, interest on the unpaid contributions, as well as costs, audit expenses and attorneys' fees. Id. ¶ 18.
According to the allegations in the Complaint, the Pension Fund is an employee pension benefit plan as defined under the Employment Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ("ERISA"), 29 U.S.C. § 1001 et seq. Compl. ¶ 5. It is the fiduciary and plan administrator for the International Painters and Allied Trade Industry Pension Plan ("Pension Plan") and the International Painters and Allied Trade Industry Annuity Plan ("Annuity Plan"). Id. ¶ 4. In addition, together with Plaintiff Meyers, it is the authorized collecting fiduciary and agent for the following multi-employer, employee benefit and employee pension benefit plans: the Finishing Trades Institute ("FTI"), the PAT Fund, and LCMI (collectively with the Pension Plan and the Annuity Plan, the "ERISA Funds"). Id. ¶ 8.
As explained in the declaration of Thomas Montemore, Assistant to the Fund Administrator for the Pension Fund, the Pension Fund provides retirement income to employees represented by the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades, AFL-CIO-CFL. Pls.' Mot. for Def. J., Docket No. , Ex. 1 (Declaration of Thomas Montemore) (hereinafter "Montemore Decl."), ¶ 2.Contributions are made to the Pension Fund by employers pursuant to the terms of the Labor Agreements discussed above. Id. ¶ 7. Signatory employers are required to submit monthly contributions on behalf of all employees in the bargaining unit pursuant to the rates of contributions set forth in the Labor Agreements. Id. Defendant is one such signatory employer obligated to make contributions to the Pension Fund under the terms of its Labor Agreements and the Trust Agreement. Id. ¶ 6. The Labor Agreements entered into by Defendant provide that for each hour worked by an employee performing work under the agreements, Defendant is obligated to pay, in addition to wages, contributions to the Pension Fund. Id. ¶ 7. Pursuant to a payroll audit conducted by the Pension Fund, Plaintiffs have determined that Defendant owes delinquent contributions for the period of January 2004 through December 2008 for all ERISA Funds in the amount of $17,411.99. Id. ¶ 8.
In addition to unpaid contributions, pursuant to Section 10.10 of the Plan Agreement, Plaintiffs assert that Defendant owes interest on the unpaid contributions, determined in accordance with the rate of interest for underpayment of federal income taxes as set forth in 26 U.S.C. § 6621, from the date due until the date paid as well as liquidated damages equal to twenty percent of the unpaid contributions or the amount of interest due, whichever is great. Id.; see also Plan Agreement, §§ 10.12(b)(2)&(3). Plaintiffs have also calculated that interest on the unpaid contributions for all ERISA Funds, from the date due until January 19, 2010, totals $3,142.20. Montemore Decl. ¶ 8(b). In addition, Plaintiffs have calculated that they are entitled to $3,482.41 in liquidated damages, which amount equals twenty percent of the total unpaid contributions owed. Id. ¶ 8(c).
Finally, under Article VI, Section 6 of the Trust Agreement, any employer, such as Defendant, who is delinquent in making contributions is obligated to pay audit costs incurred by the Pension Fund. Id. ¶ 8(d); see also Trust Agreement, Article VI, § 6. The Pension Fund avers that it incurred audit costs totaling $3,785.60 resulting from Defendant's failure to timely pay the required contributions. Montemore Decl. ¶ 8(d). Defendant is also obligated under Section 10.12 of the Plan Agreement to pay "reasonable attorneys' fees and costs" of this action. Plan Agreement, § 10.12(b)(5). As set forth in the Declaration of Jerome A. Flanagan, an attorney with Jennings Sigmond, P.C., counsel of record for Plaintiffs, Plaintiffs incurred legal fees in the amount of $6,748.00 and costs in the amount of $519.85, for a total of $7,267.85. Pls.' Mot. for Def. J., Ex. 2 (Declaration of Jerome A. Flanagan) (hereinafter "Flanagan Decl."), ¶ 3.
Defendant was served with the Complaint and Summons on December 1, 2009, and was therefore required to respond by December 22, 2009. See Return of Service/Affidavit, Docket No. . Defendant failed to file an answer or otherwise respond to the Complaint, and Plaintiffs subsequently requested entry of default. See Pls.' Request to Clerk to Enter Default, Docket No. . On January 11, 2010, the Clerk of the Court entered default against Defendant. See Clerk's Entry of Default, Docket No. . Plaintiffs subsequently filed the instant Motion for Default Judgment. See Pls.' Mot. for Default J. As of the date of this Memorandum Opinion and Order, Defendant has not entered an appearance nor filed any pleadings in this case.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(a) provides that the clerk of the court must enter a party's default "[w]hen a party against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought has failed to plead or otherwise defend, and that failure is shown by affidavit or otherwise." FED. R. CIV. P. 55(a). After a default has been entered by the clerk of the court, a court may enter a default judgment pursuant to Rule 55(b). FED. R. CIV. P. 55(b). "The determination of whether default judgment is appropriate is committed to the discretion of the trial court." Int'l Painters & Allied Trades Indus. Pension Fund v. Auxier Drywall, LLC, 531 F. Supp. 2d 56, 57 (D.D.C. 2008) (citing Jackson v. Beech, 636 F.2d 831, 836 (D.C. Cir. 1980)). Upon entry of default by the clerk of the court, the "defaulting defendant is deemed to admit every well-pleaded allegation in the complaint." Int'l Painters & Allied Trades Indus. Pension Fund v. R.W. Armine Drywall Co., Inc., 239 F. Supp. 2d 26, 30 (D.D.C. 2002) (internal citation omitted). "Although the default establishes a defendant's liability, the court is required to make an independent determination of the sum to be awarded unless the amount of damages is certain." Id. (citing Adkins v. Teseo, 180 F. Supp. 2d 15, 17 (D.D.C. 2001)). Accordingly, when moving for a default judgment, the plaintiff must prove its entitlement to the amount of monetary damages requested. Id. "In ruling on such a motion, the court may rely on detailed affidavits or documentary evidence to determine the appropriate sum for the default judgment." Id.
Where, as here, there is a complete "absence of any request to set aside the default or suggestion by the defendant that it has a meritorious defense, it is clear that the standard for default judgment has been satisfied." Auxier Drywall, LLC, 531 F. Supp. 2d at 57 (internal quotation marks omitted). The Clerk of the Court entered Defendant's default, and the factual allegations in the Complaint are therefore taken as true. See R.W. Armine Drywall Co., Inc., 239 F. Supp. 2d at 30.
The Court finds that Plaintiffs' Complaint sufficiently alleges facts to support their claims. Accordingly, Plaintiffs are entitled to default judgment as to Defendant's liability for its failure to timely pay contributions as required under the ...