UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
May 21, 2010
JOHN DOE 4, PETITIONER,
HHK/DAR VERIZON ONLINE, RESPONDENT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Deborah A. Robinson United States Magistrate Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Pending for determination by the undersigned is the Motion to Quash Subpoena filed by "John Doe #4" ("Motion to Quash") (Document No. 3). Upon consideration of the motion, Worldwide Film Entertainment, LLC's Opposition to Motion to Quash Subpoena Filed by Anonymous Defendant John Doe #4 (Document No. 7) and the entire record herein, said motion will be denied.
On January 8, 2010, Worldwide Film Entertainment, LLC ("Worldwide") brought an action for damages and injunctive relief for alleged copyright infringement. Complaint, Civil Action No. 10-0038 (Document No. 1), ¶ 1. Worldwide states that it is a creator and distributor of motion pictures, including "The Gray Man[.]" Id., ¶ 6. Worldwide alleges that 749 unidentified defendants, "[t]he true names of [which] are unknown to Plaintiff at this time[,]" infringed its exclusive rights under copyright law by "copying and distributing to others over the Internet unauthorized copies of [said] motion picture[.]" Id., ¶¶ 6, 8, 12. Worldwide submits that each defendant is now known to Worldwide "only by the Internet Protocol ("IP") address assigned to that Defendant by his or her Internet Service Provider ["ISP"] on the date and at the time at which the infringing activity of each Defendant was observed." Id., ¶ 8. Worldwide states that "information obtained in discovery will lead to the identification of each Defendant's true name and permit the Plaintiff to amend this Complaint to state the same." Id.
On January 17, 2010, Worldwide filed a Motion for Leave to Take Discovery Prior to the Rule 26(f) Conference (Document No. 3). By said motion, Worldwide sought leave of the court to serve discovery through the issuance of subpoenas pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45 on the ISPs which provided internet access to each defendant in order to determine the defendants' identities. See Plaintiff's Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Motion for Leave to Take Discovery Prior to Rule 26(f) Conference (Document No. 3) at 6-7. On January 26, 2010, the court granted the motion, and provided, inter alia, that Worldwide "may [immediately] serve [a Rule 45 subpoena] [on] any ISP identified by the same means detailed in the Declarations and Motion, or identified as providing network access or online services to one or more Doe Defendants," for "information sufficient to identify each Doe Defendant[.]" See Order (Document No. 5) at 1-2.
Six of the individuals or entities whose identifying information was sought by subpoena served upon an ISP moved in the civil action to quash the subpoena. In the instant miscellaneous action, a seventh motion was filed by an individual who identifies himself or herself as "John Doe #4. By said motion, the movant seeks to quash the subpoena served on Verizon Online for certain of the movant's identifying information. Motion to Quash at 1. In support of the motion, movant submits that the subpoena is "procedurally defective[,]" and denies knowledge of the alleged infringement. Id.
Worldwide, in its opposition, submits that the motion to quash is "procedurally defective[,]" and that the movant has not provided justification for the relief requested. Plaintiff's Opposition at 3-9.
Rule 45(c)(3)(A) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, in pertinent part, that on timely motion, the court must quash or modify a subpoena that "(i) fails to allow reasonable time to comply;... (iii) requires disclosure of privileged or other protected matter, if no exception or waiver applies; or (iv) subjects a person to undue burden." Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(c)(3)(A)(i), (ii), (iii). Additionally, Rule 45(c)(3)(B) provides, in pertinent part, that a court may quash or modify a subpoena "if it requires... disclosing a trade secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information[.]" Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(c)(3)(B)(i).*fn1
The undersigned finds that movant has failed to demonstrate that the subpoena served upon Verizon Online must be quashed or modified in accordance with Rule 45(c)(3)(A), or that the court should exercise its discretion to do so in accordance with Rule 45(c)(3)(B). Movant characterizes the subpoena as "procedurally defective[,]" but identifies no ground cognizable under Rule 45 which would permit the court to quash or modify the subpoena.
Moreover, movant's denial of knowledge of the alleged infringement cannot be evaluated in the context of the motion to quash the subpoena served upon Comcast. This court has observed that "factual and technical arguments... are unrelated to any appropriate inquiry associated with a motion to quash." Arista Records LLC v. Does 1-19, 551 F. Supp. 2d 1, 8 (D.D.C. April 28, 2008); see also Fonovisa, Inc. v. Does 1-19, No. 07-1515, 2008 WL 919701, at *8 (W.D.Pa. April 3, 2008) (holding that if the individual or entity whose identifying information was sought by a subpoena served on an ISP "believes that it has been improperly identified by the ISP, [the individual or entity] may raise, at the appropriate time, any and all defenses, and may seek discovery in support of its defenses.").
For all of the foregoing reasons, the undersigned finds that movant has failed to establish a basis upon which to quash or modify the subpoena consistent with Rule 45 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Accordingly, it is, this 21 th day of May, 2010,
ORDERED that the Motion to Quash filed by "John Doe #4" (Document No. 3) is hereby DENIED.