The opinion of the court was delivered by: Rosemary M. Collyer United States District Judge
This Document Relates To: ALL CASES MEMORANDUM OPINION ON CAMERA MANUFACTURERS' MOTION FOR
In this Multi District Litigation ("MDL"),*fn1 Papst Licensing GmbH & Co. ("Papst") has alleged that digital camera manufacturers that sell products in the United States have infringed U.S. Patent Nos. 6,470,399 ("'399 Patent") and 6,895,449 ("'449 Patent") (collectively the "Patents"). In opposition, the Camera Manufacturers seek a declaratory judgment of non-infringement and/or patent invalidity.
The Camera Manufacturers*fn2 now move for sanctions and seek attorney's fees due to Papst's filing its Final Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions with complete disregard for the requirements set by the Court at an August 31, 2010 hearing and in the Sixth Practice and Procedure Order [Dkt. # 372]. See Revised Final Asserted Claims and Contentions [Dkt. # 416] ("Final Contentions") (revising prior version at Dkt. # 379). As explained below, the motion will be granted in part and denied in part; Papst will be sanctioned, but the request for attorney's fees will be denied.
At the onset of this case, the Court informed the parties that its
plan for case management included an early Markman hearing *fn3
for the purpose of defining and refining the issues and
narrowing the case. See, e.g., Second Practice & Procedure Order [Dkt.
# 36]. On May 28, 2008, Papst filed its Asserted Claims and
Infringement Contentions pursuant to the Second Practice and Procedure
Order [Dkt. # 36]. See Claims and Infringement Contentions [Dkt. #
110]. The Court held a Markman hearing September 22 through 24, 2008,
and rendered its final claims construction opinion and order on
November 24, 2009. See Modified Claims Construction Op. [Dkt. # 336];
Modified Order [Dkt. # 337].*fn4
On July 30, 2010, the Court entered a Minute Order requiring the parties to "meet and confer and jointly submit a focused discovery proposal and deadlines." Minute Order entered July 30, 2010. The parties each filed their own proposal, although they put them in one document. See Proposal [Dkt. # 367]. The Court and the parties discussed the proposals at a status conference on August 31, 2010. At that conference, the Court noted that Papst had failed to propose focused discovery as ordered by the Court and ordered Papst to bring its asserted claims and infringement contentions up-to-date in light of the Modified Order on claims construction:
I said focused discovery and what I got was a shotgun shell. I mean, everything. I do not consider that focused and I don't think that it fulfills my obligation to get this done quickly and with the least expense possible under the circumstances. So what I think we need to start with is the concept that Papst filed infringement contentions . . . and hasn't changed them, hasn't indicated it wants to change them, hasn't indicated it plans or needs to change them but now says [it] need[s] a ton of discovery. I'm not sure that all of your contentions can stand in light of the claims construction decision which I appreciate you don't like, it's okay. But nobody knows what they're fighting about now. Nobody can tell and you don't want to tell them, and we're not going to do it that way. I mean, you're the plaintiff. You have allegations, you need to say what they are. So the first thing is I'm going to direct Papst to refile its claims contentions, its infringement contentions. . . . File that, then we'll know what we're arguing about. Only then can we figure out what discovery is really needed.
Camera Mfrs.' Mot. for Sanctions [Dkt. # 388], Ex. A (Tr. of Aug. 31, 2010 Hearing) at 18-19. The Court further directed, "you have got to bring your infringement contentions up to date. People have to know what they're litigating about. And only when you do can you then say okay, this is the discovery we need for these reasons." Id. at 32. The Court told Papst that its asserted claims and infringement contentions needed to be specific:
First you have to decide what your infringement contentions are. Only when you know what, what camera you're asserting [infringes] what claim and for what reason[,] can you possibly figure out what discovery you might need that you don't already have. Id. at 33-34.
As a result of the August 31, 2010 status conference, the Court issued its Sixth Practice and Procedure Order. See Sixth Practice & Procedure Order [Dkt. # 372] ("Sixth PPO"). That Order defined the specificity required for Papst's Final Contentions as follows:
2. No later than October 13, 2010, Papst shall file its Final Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions. Separately for each opposing party, this Final Disclosure shall contain the following information:
a. Each claim of each patent in suit that is allegedly infringed by each opposing party, including for each claim the applicable statutory subsections of 35 U.S.C. § 271 asserted;
b. Separately for each asserted claim, each accused apparatus, product, device, process, method, act or other instrumentality ("Accused Instrumentality") of each opposing party of which Papst is aware. This identification shall be as specific as possible. Each product, device, and apparatus shall be identified by name or model number, if known. Each method or process shall be identified by name, if known or by any product, device or apparatus which, when used, allegedly results in the practice of the claimed method or process;
c. A chart identifying specifically where each limitation of each asserted claim is found within each Accused Instrumentality, including for each limitation that such party contends is governed by 35 U.S.C. § 112(6), the identity of the structure(s), act(s), or material(s) in the Accused Instrumentality that performs the claimed function.
d. For each claim which is alleged to have been indirectly infringed, an identification of any direct infringement and a description of the acts of the alleged indirect infringer that contribute to or are inducing that direct infringement. Insofar as alleged direct infringement is based on joint acts of multiple ...