UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
September 21, 2011
DR. SIMON BANKS, J.D., PLAINTIFF,
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Deborah A. Robinson United States Magistrate Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Defendant District of Columbia's Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 83) is pending for determination by the undersigned. Upon consideration of the motion, the memoranda in support thereof and in opposition thereto and the entire record herein, Defendant's motion will be granted.
Plaintiff brings the instant action seeking damages for alleged violations of his rights protected by the United States Constitution during his imprisonment in the District of Columbia. See generally Complaint (Document No. 6). Plaintiff's remaining claims against the District of Columbia are for failure to provide diabetic meals and adequate heat during his incarceration in violation of the Eighth Amendment (Count I), and a common law malpractice claim for denial of Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 2 dental care. (Count II). See Plaintiff's Second Amendment Complaint (Document No. 47).*fn1
In its Answer, Defendant asserts that Plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, and that he failed to exhaust his administrative remedies. See Answer to Corrected Complaint (Document No. 35); Defendant, District of Columbia's, Answer to Plaintiff's Errata to Second Amended Complaint Adding Count II [Docket 47] Medical Malpractice, Negligence and Agency Liability for Medical Malpractice and Negligence (Document No. 49).
CONTENTIONS OF THE PARTIES
Defendant moves for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, alleging that there are no genuine issues as to any material fact for trial and that Defendant is entitled to summary judgment as a matter of law. See generally Defendant District of Columbia's Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 83).
With regard to Plaintiff's claims concerning adequate heat and diabetic meals, Defendant submits that such claims do not rise to the sort of punishment prohibited by the Eight Amendment. Defendant's Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of the District of Columbia's Motion for Summary Judgment ("Defendant's Mem.") (Document No. 83) at 6-9. Defendant asserts that the actions described by Plaintiff do not "amount to 'deliberate indifference' to 'serious medical needs[,]'" as required to state a violation of the Eight Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 3 Amendment. Id. Next, Defendant contends that Plaintiff has failed to offer expert testimony to meet his burden of establishing the applicable standard of care, a breach thereof, and a causal relationship with Plaintiff's injury. Id. at 11-13. Lastly, Defendant argues that all of Plaintiff's claims are barred because he failed to exhaust his administrative remedies before bringing a cause of action, as required under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Id. at 9-11.
Defendant's motion for summary judgment is accompanied by a statement of material facts as to which Plaintiff contends there is no genuine issue, including references to the parts of the record relied upon in support thereof. See generally Defendant District of Columbia's Statement of Material Facts as to Which There is No Genuine Issue. With citations to the record, Defendant offers as support twenty-two material facts, as well as an addition thirty-eight filed under seal. Id. Collectively, the facts address the contention that Plaintiff failed to appeal the disposition of his grievances, concerning lack of heat, dental care and dietary meals, to the "next level". Id.
Plaintiff, in his three and one-half page opposition, blanketly states that he "den[ies] each and every allegation in the Defendant's Motion . . . which state[s] that there is no genuine dispute[.]" Plaintiff's Memorandum of Law in Support of Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 116) at 2; see also Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. In his statement of material facts as to which no genuine issues exists filed with its opposition, Plaintiff offers as support twenty-eight material facts, which in their entirety lack citation to the record. Plaintiff's Statement of Material Facts Upon Which There Exist Genuine Dispute ("Plaintiff's Statement of Material Facts"). The facts Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 4 principally address the nature of the dental care he received while imprisoned, the circumstances surrounding the denial of diabetic meals, and the lack of heat. Id. at 1-7; 9-23; 24-26; 27-28.
In its reply, Defendant maintains that Plaintiff's memorandum "fail[s] to controvert any or all of the material facts set forth" in its motion, and that Plaintiff's statement of material facts "fails procedurally as it totally disregards" the requirement of citing to the parts of the record relied on. Defendant District of Columbia's Reply to Plaintiff's Opposition to Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 120) at 8.
Upon consideration of the motion of Defendant, Plaintiff's opposition thereto, Defendant's reply and the entire record herein, the motion of Defendant District of Columbia will be granted.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Summary judgment shall be granted if there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986); Diamond v. Atwood, 43 F.3d 1538, 1540 (D.C. Cir. 1995). The burden is upon the non-moving party to demonstrate that there are material facts in dispute. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 324. There is a genuine issue of material fact "if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). Material facts are in dispute if they are capable of affecting the outcome of the suit under governing law. Id. In considering a motion for summary judgment, all evidence and inferences to be drawn from the underlying facts must be viewed in the light most favorable to the party opposing the motion. Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 5 Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587 (1986); see also United States v. Diebold, Inc., 369 U.S. 654, 655 (1962). The "evidence of the non-movant is to be believed, and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in [his] favor." Anderson, 477 U.S. at 248; see also Bayer v. United States Dept. Of Treasury, 956 F.2d 330, 333 (D.C. Cir. 1992).
The rule requires that the nonmoving party "go beyond the pleadings and by [his] own affidavits, or by the 'depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file,' designate 'specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Celotex, 477 U.S. at 324.
In addition, Local Civil Rule 7(h) provides:
Each motion for summary judgment shall be accompanied by a statement of material facts as to which the moving party contends there is no genuine issue, which shall include references to the parts of the record relied on to support the statement. An opposition to such a motion shall be accompanied by a separate concise statement of genuine issues setting forth all material facts as to which it is contended there exists a genuine issue necessary to be litigated, which shall include references to the parts of the record relied on to support the statement . . . . In determining a motion for summary judgment, the court may assume that facts identified by the moving party in its statement of material facts are admitted, unless such a fact is controverted in the statement of genuine issues filed in opposition to the motion.
The District of Columbia Circuit has held that "[i]f the party opposing the motion fails to comply with this local rule, then 'the district court is under no obligation to sift through the record' and should '[i]nstead . . . deem as admitted the moving party's facts that are uncontroverted by the nonmoving party's Rule [LCvR 7(h)] statement.'" Securities and Exch. Comm'n v. Banner Fund Int'l, 211 F.3d 602, 616 (D.C. Cir. 2000) (citation omitted). The District of Columbia Circuit "[has] explained . . . that the 'the procedure contemplated by the Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 6 [local] rule . . . isolates the facts that the parties assert are material, distinguishes disputed from undisputed facts, and identifies the pertinent parts of the record." Burke v. Gould, 286 F.2d 513, 517 (D.C. Cir. 2002) (quoting Gardels v. Cent. Intelligence Agency, 637 F.2d 770, 773 (D.C. Cir. 1980)). This circuit has affirmed the grant of summary judgment where the nonmoving party failed to cite any evidence in the record, and in the statement of genuine factual issues, "did not set forth specific, material facts, but simply asserted, without citing evidence in the record, that there was a disputed issue[.]" Burke, 286 F.3d at 518 (quoting Tarpley v. Greene, 684 F.2d 1, 7 (D.C. Cir. 1982)).
"It is well understood in this Circuit that when a plaintiff files an opposition to a motion . . . addressing only certain arguments raised by the defendant, a court may treat those arguments that the plaintiff failed to address as conceded." Howard v. Locke, No. 09-1901, 2010 WL 2989844, at *2 (D.D.C. July 27, 2010) (internal quotations and citation omitted); see also Jackson v. Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner, 101 F.3d 145, 154 (D.C. Cir. 1996) ("[P]ursuant to the remedy afforded by Rule [7(h)], the district court is to deem as admitted the moving party's facts that are uncontroverted by the nonmoving party's Rule [7(h)] statement."). This court has long recognized that the "[t]he courts in this circuit demand 'strict compliance' with Local Rule 7(h), which 'is justified both by the nature of summary judgment and by the rule's purposes.'" Dage v. Johnson, 537 F. Supp. 2d 43, 52 (D.D.C. 2008) (citing Gardels v. Central Intelligence Agency, 637 F.2d 770, 773 (D.C. Cir. 1980)); cf. Fudali v. Pivotal Corp, No. 03-1460, 2005 WL 607880, *2 (D.D.C. Mar. 16, 2005) ("All uncontroverted Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 7 statements will be deemed admitted and all statements without specific citations to the record will be ignored.").
In this case, Plaintiff, in his opposition, entirely fails either to refute the arguments offered by Defendant in its memorandum, or to address the facts offered in Defendant's statement of undisputed material facts. Notably, Plaintiff fails to contest, or even address, the legal authority cited by the Defendant which would preclude the filing of the instant civil action under the requirements of the Prison Litigation Reform Act. Rather, Plaintiff's opposition merely references and incorporates those arguments and allegations offered in his previous submissions. See, e.g., Plaintiff's Statement of Material Facts ¶¶ 2, 3, 16, 18, 21, 23 and 24;
In considering comparable deficiencies, this court and the circuit have exercised discretion to treat the movant's statement of material facts as conceded. E.g., Jackson, 101 F.3d at 153 (statement of non-movant which was "[r]eplete with factual allegations not material to . . . substantive claims and repeatedly blend[ed] factual assertions with legal argument" did not satisfy the local rule); Banner Fund, 211 F.3d at 616 non-movant did not comply the local rule where he "filed a response and an affidavit, neither of which pointed to specific parts of the record controverting the [movant's] lengthy statement of undisputed facts."); Mack v. Strauss, 134 F. Supp. 2d 103, 108 (D.D.C. 2001) (non-movant's statement was "riddled with self -serving, conclusory statements[,]" and for that and other reasons, could not serve to refute movant's specific factual assertions).
Additionally, for the reasons offered by Defendant District of Columbia--as to which Plaintiff offers no contrary authority--the undersigned finds that Defendant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Plaintiff's complaint that he was denied diabetic meals, adequate heat and the Banks v. District of Columbia, et al. 8 dental treatment he requested falls far short of a viable Eight Amendment claim (see Defendant's Memorandum at 6-9 and the authorities cited therein); in any event, Plaintiff failed to exhaust his administrative remedies with respect to such claims (see id. at 9-11). Further, the undersigned finds that Plaintiff cannot make out the elements of his dental malpractice claim (see id. at 11-13 and the authorities cited therein).
In sum, Defendant District of Columbia has demonstrated, in accordance with all applicable authorities, that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact, and that it is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.
For all of the foregoing reasons, it is, this 21st day of September, 2011, ORDERED that Defendant District of Columbia's Motion for Summary Judgment (Document No. 83) is GRANTED, and that judgment is entered in favor of Defendant District of Columbia with respect to Plaintiff's remaining claims.*fn2