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Chinyere Uzoukwu v. Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

February 28, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robert L. Wilkins United States District Judge



In this employment discrimination action pro se plaintiff Chinyere Uzoukwu asserts disparate treatment and retaliation claims pursuant to Title VII, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq., the Age Discrimination in Employment Act ("ADEA"), 29 U.S.C. § 621 et seq., and the Americans With Disabilities Act ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq. (See Compl. ¶¶ 1-2.) She also raises potential claims under the Equal Pay Act, 29 U.S.C. § 206(d) and asserts various claims under District of Columbia law. (See Compl. ¶¶ 2, 51, 52.) Uzoukwu brings these claims against the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments ("MWCG") and eight individual defendants, seven of whom are current and former MWCG employees. An eighth individual defendant, Molly Keller, is associated with MHNET, a behavioral health entity that provides services to MWCG. MWCG is an independent nonprofit association comprised of elected officials from 21 local governments, members of the Maryland and Virginia state legislatures, and members of the U.S. Congress. (See Doc. 2, MWCG Mot. to Dismiss at 2; Compl. ¶ 5.)

Presently before the court arenine motions. *fn2 For the reasons set forth below, the court will grant both motions to dismiss. All other motions will be denied.


"To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, ___, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). The court must treat a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss as a Rule 56 motion for summary judgment if "matters outside the pleadings are presented to and not excluded by the court." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(d).

The party seeking summary judgment bears the initial burden of demonstrating no genuine issues of material fact exist. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 56. When determining whether genuine issues of material fact exist, the court must draw all justifiable inferences from the evidence in favor of the non-movant. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255 (1986), cited in Cruz-Packer v. Dist. of Columbia, 539 F. Supp.2d 181, 189 (D.D.C. 2008). However the non-movant cannot simply rest on her pleadings; rather "the nonmoving party [must] go beyond the pleadings and by her own affidavits, or by the 'depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file,' designate 'specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986) (citations omitted).


In their Motion to Dismiss, MWCG and its seven current and former employees argue that the claims asserted against the individual defendants are not actionable and Plaintiff concedes that Defendants are correct. (See Doc. 3, Pl.'s Resp. to MWCG's Mot. to Dismiss at 11); see Busby v. City of Orlando, 931 F.2d 764, 772 (11th Cir.1991) (holding that "relief granted under Title VII is against the employer, not individual employees whose actions constituted a violation of [Title VII]"), cited in Gary v. Long, 59 F.3d 1391, 1399 (D.C. Cir. 1995). Accordingly, Plaintiff's federal claims asserted against these seven individuals (Calvin L. Smith, Sr., Paul DesJardin, Dennis Bailey, Imelda Roberts, Janet Ernst, Eulali Gowers Lucas, and Abdul Mohammed) will be dismissed with prejudice. *fn3

With respect to the timeliness of the present action, MWCG argues Plaintiff's lawsuit was untimely because she failed to file the lawsuit within ninety days after she received her right to sue letter from the EEOC. See 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(1) (Title VII); 29 U.S.C. § 626(e) (ADEA); 42 U.S.C. § 12117(a) (applying Title VII limitations period to ADA claims). "Because untimely exhaustion of administrative remedies is an affirmative defense, the defendant bears the burden of pleading and proving it. If the defendant meets its burden, the plaintiff then bears the burden of pleading and proving facts supporting equitable avoidance of the defense." Bowen v. United States, 106 F.3d 433, 437 (D.C. Cir. 1997) (citation omitted).

The following facts are relevant to the timeliness issue. In connection with her employment and subsequent termination from MWCG, Plaintiff filed an EEOC charge and ultimately obtained a "right to sue" letter dated August 18, 2010, which informed Plaintiff of her obligation to bring any discrimination claims within 90 days of receipt of the letter. (See Doc. 1-1, Attachment to Compl.) Although Plaintiff has not submitted a sworn declaration to support any of her factual assertions, she claims she received the right to sue letter on August 26, 2010. If so, she had until November 24, 2010 to file a timely law suit.

On November 16, eight days before the deadline expired, Plaintiff attempted to initiate her lawsuit in this court by filing an "Application to Proceed Without Payment of Fees and Affidavit," also known as an application to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). (See Doc. 1, Uzoukwu v. Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, 11-mc-15-UNA). Her IFP request was denied on November 20 and apparently mailed on November 23, but Plaintiff claims she received the denial order on December 2, 2010. (Doc. 3, Pl's Response to MWCG's Mot. to Dismiss at 4; id. at Exs. 3-4.)

Forty days later, on January 11, 2011, Plaintiff filed a motion for reconsideration of her IFP request and, in the alternative, asked for the court to "reinstate filing and relate the time back to the presented [sic] of November 16, 2010." (Doc. 1, Uzoukwu v. Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, 11-mc-15-UNA.) In her motion to reconsider, Plaintiff indicated she was still unable to secure employment and therefore faced financial and economic hardship. Apparently, she also claims to have discovered that the EEOC allegedly failed to investigate her retaliation allegations and/or consider her evidence in opposition to that presented by MWCG. However, Plaintiff failed to put forth any new and material arguments or facts in her motion to reconsider. The motion was denied on January 31, 2011. *fn4 (Doc. 2, Uzoukwu, 11-mc-15-UNA.) It is not entirely clear when Plaintiff received the denial order, but she filed the current lawsuit on February 16, 2011, sixteen days after entry of the order.

Plaintiff's complaint in the present law suit, filed 174 days after she claims to have received her right to sue letter, was clearly untimely. However, the 90 day limitations period was tolled during the time her IFP application was pending. *fn5 See, e.g., Williams-Guice v. Board of Educ. of City of Chicago, 45 F.3d 161, 164-65 (7th Cir. 1994); Truitt v. County of Wayne, 148 F.3d 644, 647 (6th Cir. 1998); Williams v. Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for D.C., Civil Action No. 08--1538 (RWR), ___ F. Supp.2d ___, 2012 WL 35554 (D.D.C. Jan. 9, 2012). Crediting Plaintiff's claims that she received the IFP ...

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