United States District Court, District of Columbia
January 15, 2013
Araya HENOK, Plaintiff,
CHASE HOME FINANCE, LLC, et al., Defendants.
[Copyrighted Material Omitted]
[Copyrighted Material Omitted]
Araya Henok, Washington, DC, pro se.
Jeffrey L. Tarkenton, Paul A. Kaplan, Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice, PLLC, Washington, DC, Matthew Cohen, Beiramee & Cohen PC, McLean, VA, Gregory Nelson Britto, Shapiro & Burson, LLP, Fairfax, VA, for Defendants.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
RICHARD W. ROBERTS, District Judge.
Pro se plaintiff Araya Henok brings this action against Chase Home Finance, LLC (" Chase" ), Shapiro & Burson, LLP (" Shapiro" ), and Fannie Mae, challenging the legality of the foreclosure on a property he owned on C Street S.E. in Washington, D.C. (" the property" ). After the defendants moved for judgment on the pleadings arguing that Henok's complaint failed to satisfy the pleading requirements under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8 and failed to state a claim for relief under Rule 12, Henok moved for leave to amend the complaint. Because the claims against Chase of breach of contract and violation of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (" RESPA" ), 12 U.S.C. § 2605(e), in the amended complaint are adequately pled, the motion for leave to amend the complaint will be granted as to those claims, but denied for futility as to the remaining claims. Because Henok's motion for leave to amend will be granted in part and denied in part, the defendants' motions for judgment on the pleadings will be denied as moot.
Henok purchased the property in 2007 with financing from Chase. Pl.'s Mot. for Leave to Amend, Attachment (" Am. Compl." ) ¶ 6, Ex. 7. In August of 2009, Chase returned his monthly payment and " stated that [his] property [was] going into foreclosure." Id. ¶ 8. That month, Henok asked Chase by phone and in writing how much to pay to bring his account current, and notified Chase in writing of his new mailing address. Id. ¶¶ 9-10, Ex. 1. Chase referred Henok to Shapiro for the cure figures, and Henok mailed Chase and Shapiro several more requests with each noting his current mailing address. Id. ¶¶ 11-14, Exs. 2-4. Henok received no replies to his letters. Id. ¶¶ 10-14.
Chase appointed John Burson and Gregory Britto as substitute foreclosure trustees under the deed of trust that secured Henok's mortgage. Id., Ex. 6. Shapiro filed with the Recorder of Deeds an October 15, 2009 notice of foreclosure sale, but sent Henok's copy of it to the wrong address. Id., Counts 1, 15, 19, Ex. 5. Fannie Mae bought the property in a foreclosure sale on November 18, 2009. Id. ¶ 15, Exs. 5-6. Britto filed with the Recorder of Deeds the trustees' deed of sale in January 2010. It represented that the notice of foreclosure sale had been mailed to Henok at his current address. Id., Ex. 6.
Henok filed a complaint in D.C. Superior Court challenging the foreclosure in February 2012. Henok's complaint asserts against Chase and Shapiro claims of breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, fraud, negligence, negligent misrepresentation, and a constitutional violation of the Fifth Amendment's takings clause. Compl., Counts 1-5, 7-10, 12-14. Henok's complaint also asserts that the trustees' deed was issued late and failed to satisfy the formal requisites of an instrument, and that the notice of foreclosure had expired at the time of the foreclosure. Id., Counts 6, 11, 15.
The defendants removed the case to federal court and answered the complaint. Chase and Fannie Mae moved for judgment on the pleadings arguing that Henok's complaint does not satisfy the pleading requirements of Rule 8 and that Henok's breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, fraud, negligent misrepresentation, and Fifth Amendment claims do not state a claim for relief under Rule 12. Mem. in Supp. of Mot. for J. on the Pleadings by Chase and Fannie Mae at 5-13. Additionally, the motion argued that Henok's other claims concerning the trustees' deed and the expiration of the notice of foreclosure were without merit. Id. at 13-14. Shapiro also moved for
judgment on the pleadings adopting and incorporating the memorandum of law from Chase and Fannie Mae's motion. Shapiro's Mot. for J. on the Pleadings at 1.
Henok then moved for leave to amend his complaint. Read broadly, Henok's amended complaint adds common law claims of negligence and negligent misrepresentation, Am. Compl. at 19, Counts 2, 14, 19, and adds statutory claims of wrongful foreclosure under D.C.Code § 42-815.01 and failure to respond under 12 U.S.C. § 2605, id., Counts 1, 3, 9, 25. In addition, the amended complaint eliminates the Fifth Amendment claim. Shapiro opposes Henok's motion, arguing in part that allowing Henok's amended complaint would be futile because it does not state a claim for relief on any ground. Opp'n to Mot. for Leave to Amend Compl. ¶ 3.
A plaintiff may amend his complaint at this stage " only with the opposing party's written consent or the court's leave. The court should freely give leave when justice so requires." Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(2). " A court should determine the propriety of amendment on a case by case basis, using a generous standard, and pro se complaints are construed with special liberality[.]" Commodore-Mensah v. Delta Air Lines, Inc., 842 F.Supp.2d 50, 52 (D.D.C.2012) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). The burden is on the defendant to show that leave to file an amended complaint should be denied. Smith v. Café Asia, 598 F.Supp.2d 45, 48 (D.D.C.2009) (citing LaPrade v. Abramson, Civil Action No. 97-10(RWR), 2006 WL 3469532, at *3 (D.D.C. Nov. 29, 2006)). A district court should grant leave to amend a complaint " in the absence of undue delay, bad faith, undue prejudice to the opposing party, repeated failure to cure deficiencies, or futility." Richardson v. United States, 193 F.3d 545, 548-49 (D.C.Cir.1999) (citing Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182, 83 S.Ct. 227, 9 L.Ed.2d 222 (1962)). Allowing an amended complaint would be futile if the amended complaint would not survive a motion to dismiss. In re Interbank Funding Corp. Sec. Litig., 629 F.3d 213, 215 (D.C.Cir.2010) (citing Nat'l Wrestling Coaches Ass'n v. Dep't of Educ., 366 F.3d 930, 945 (D.C.Cir.2004)). When certain claims in the amended complaint are futile but other claims survive, courts have denied leave to amend in part with respect to the futile claims while allowing leave to amend in part with respect to the surviving claims. See Council on American-Islamic Relations Action Network, Inc. v. Gaubatz, 891 F.Supp.2d 13, 34-36 (D.D.C.2012); Driscoll v. George Washington Univ.,
__F.Supp.2d __, __, Civil Action No. 12-690(ESH), 2012 WL 3900716 at *9 (D.D.C. Sept. 10, 2012).
In considering a motion to dismiss, a court accepts well-pleaded factual allegations in the complaint as true and interprets them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. NB ex rel. Peacock v. District of Columbia, 682 F.3d 77, 82 (D.C.Cir.2012) (citing In re Interbank Funding Corp. Sec. Litig., 629 F.3d at 216). In addition, " the Court must make a concerted effort to discern a cause of action from the record presented if an action is in fact discernable." Howerton v. Ogletree, 466 F.Supp.2d 182, 183 (D.D.C.2006) (citing Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520, 92 S.Ct. 594, 30 L.Ed.2d 652 (1972)). However, unsupported inferences and " legal conclusions cast in the form of factual allegations" are insufficient to survive a motion to dismiss. Browning v. Clinton, 292 F.3d 235, 242 (D.C.Cir.2002) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009). The motion
to dismiss may be granted if the facts alleged in the complaint " do not ‘ raise a right to relief above the speculative level,’ or fail to ‘ state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’ " United States v. All Assets Held at Bank Julius Baer Co., Ltd., 772 F.Supp.2d 191, 197 (D.D.C.2011) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007)).
I. BREACH OF CONTRACT
The gravamen of Henok's breach of contract claims is that Chase breached the terms of the mortgage note and the deed of trust by failing to provide to him at his current address the written notice of default and notice of foreclosure that Chase was required to provide. Am. Compl. ¶¶ 30-36, Counts 1, 4-9, 12. Under D.C. law, a claim of breach of contract includes four elements: " (1) a valid contract between the parties; (2) an obligation or duty arising out of the contract; (3) a breach of that duty; and (4) damages caused by breach." Tsintolas Realty Co. v. Mendez, 984 A.2d 181, 187 (D.C.2009).
Here, the amended complaint amply pleads each element. Read liberally, it identifies the mortgage note and deed of trust as the contract breached. Am. Compl. ¶¶ 30-36. The D.C. Court of Appeals has recognized that " ‘ the note and the trust deed can be considered merely different parts of a single contract.’ " Osbourne v. Capital City Mortg. Corp., 667 A.2d 1321, 1326 (D.C.1995) (quoting Yasuna v. Miller, 399 A.2d 68, 72 (D.C.1979)).  In addition, citing the note and deed of trust, Henok alleges that Chase had a duty to send to him at his current address written notice of his loan default, of how to cure the default, and of the foreclosure sale that would follow any failure to cure the default. He asserts that Chase and its foreclosing agent Shapiro never provided him with the required written notice despite his requests to Chase and Shapiro for information about curing his default. See id., Exs. 1-4. Finally, Henok alleges damages arising from the foreclosure including the loss of his property, money, credit rating, surety bond, real estate business, and revenue. Id. at 19. While the parties may disagree as to whether the defendants sent proper notice of foreclosure, Henok's factual allegations in the amended complaint are sufficient to state claims for breach of contract against Chase.
II. BREACH OF FIDUCIARY DUTY
To state a claim for breach of fiduciary duty under D.C. law, a plaintiff must allege that " ‘ (1) defendant owed plaintiff a fiduciary duty; (2) defendant breached that duty; and (3) to the extent plaintiff seeks compensatory damages— the breach proximately caused an injury.’ " Bode & Grenier, LLP v. Knight, 821 F.Supp.2d 57, 64 (D.D.C.2011) (quoting Paul v. Judicial Watch, Inc., 543 F.Supp.2d 1, 5-6 (D.D.C.2008)). " As a general rule, the mere existence of a contract does not create a fiduciary duty." Paul, 543 F.Supp.2d at 6 (citing Steele v. Isikoff, 130 F.Supp.2d 23, 36 (D.D.C.2000)). Nor is a debtor-creditor relationship ordinarily a fiduciary relationship. Ponder v. Chase Home Fin., LLC, 666 F.Supp.2d 45, 49 (D.D.C.2009). " However, if a special relationship of trust or confidence exists in
a particular case, a fiduciary relationship may arise in the lender-borrower context." Ellipso, Inc. v. Mann, 541 F.Supp.2d 365, 373 (D.D.C.2008) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted) (finding no fiduciary relationship from facts pled); see also Overseas Private Invmt. Corp. v. Industria de Pesca, N.A., Inc., 920 F.Supp. 207, 210 (D.D.C.1996) (same).
Henok's single reference in the amended complaint to a breach of fiduciary duty is the allegation that Chase and Shapiro " had the fiduciary duty to respond to all [his] certified mails and constant attempts to cure [his] default" and " allow [Henok] to re-instate [his] loan[.]" Am. Compl., Count 11. As an initial matter, Henok does not plead any facts which show the existence of a special relationship of trust or confidence with Chase extending beyond his standard debtor-creditor relationship. Thus, Henok fails to state a claim for breach of a fiduciary duty against Chase.
Trustees and substitute trustees of deeds owe fiduciary duties both to the noteholder and the borrower. Murray v. Wells Fargo Home Mortg., 953 A.2d 308, 324-25 (D.C.2008) (internal citations omitted). Generally, " trustees of deeds have only those powers and duties imposed by the trust instrument itself, coupled with the applicable statute governing foreclosure sales in the District of Columbia." Id. (quoting Perry v. Va. Mortg. and Invmt. Co., Inc., 412 A.2d 1194, 1197 (D.C.1980)) (internal quotation marks omitted). " [T]o state a claim against a trustee for breach of fiduciary duty, a plaintiff must allege facts that would constitute a breach of a duty under the trust instrument or District of Columbia law, or allege fraud, misrepresentation, self-dealing or overreaching." Evans v. First Mount Vernon, ILA, 786 F.Supp.2d 347, 356 (D.D.C.2011) (citing Murray, 953 A.2d at 325).
Henok's allegation that Shapiro had fiduciary duties that it breached by failing to respond to his letters and not allowing him to reinstate his loan is factually unsupported. Henok cites no provision in the deed of trust or District of Columbia law to support the existence of the trustee's fiduciary duty to respond to a borrower's correspondence or to allow a borrower to reinstate his loan. The deed of trust requires the lender, not the trustee, to send written notice of foreclosure to the borrower. See Am. Compl., Ex. 8, ¶ 22; see also Evans v. Chase Manhattan Mortg. Corp., Civil Action No. 04-2185(RMC), 2007 WL 902306, at *6 (D.D.C. Mar. 23, 2007) (finding that a similar deed of trust required the lender, not the trustee, to notify the borrower of default and that this arrangement was consistent with D.C.Code § 42-815(b) which required notice from the noteholder); Koker v. Aurora Loan Servicing, LLC, 915 F.Supp.2d 51, 66-67, Civil Action No. 12-1069(RBW), 2013 WL 40320, at *11 (D.D.C. Jan. 3, 2013) (same). The deed of trust identifies the trustee's duties as 1) giving notice of sale by public advertisement, 2) selling the property at public auction, and 3) delivering an appropriate deed to the buyer. See Am. Compl., Ex. 8, ¶ 22; see also Chase Manhattan Mortg. Corp., 2007 WL 902306, at *6 (specifying these " mandatory duties" under a similar deed of trust).
Moreover, the trustees' deed reflects that Chase appointed as substitute
trustees Burson and Britto, not Shapiro. See id., Ex. 6. Henok names Shapiro as the defendant in this matter rather than Burson and Britto. Henok does not plead in the amended complaint any agency theory upon which to hold Shapiro liable for the actions of Burson and Britto. Koker, 915 F.Supp.2d at 66-67, 2013 WL 40320, at *11, held that where the plaintiff asserted a breach of fiduciary duty claim and the substitute trustee was a member of the defendant law firm, but the plaintiff made no specific allegations regarding the law firm's conduct, solely identifying the lawyer as a member of the law firm was insufficient to state a claim against the law firm. See id. at 66-67, at *11. Here, the amended complaint does not sufficiently plead a claim of breach of fiduciary duty by naming Shapiro as a defendant, and allowing this amendment would be futile.
III. NEGLIGENCE; NEGLIGENT MISREPRESENTATION
A claim of negligence under D.C. law consists of four elements: " (1) the defendant owed a duty [of care] to the plaintiff, (2) the defendant breached its duty, (3) and that breach was the proximate cause of (4) damages sustained by the plaintiff." Busby v. Capital One, N.A., 772 F.Supp.2d 268, 283 (D.D.C.2011) (citing Powell v. District of Columbia, 634 A.2d 403, 406 (D.C.1993)). " However, ‘ the tort must exist in its own right independent of the contract, and any duty upon which the tort is based must flow from considerations other than the contractual relationship. The tort must stand as a tort even if the contractual relationship did not exist.’ " Carter v. Bank of America, N.A., 888 F.Supp.2d 1, 15 (D.D.C.2012) (quoting Nugent v. Unum Life Ins. Co. of Am., 752 F.Supp.2d 46, 53-54 (D.D.C.2010)).
The elements of negligent misrepresentation under D.C. law are " (1) the defendant negligently communicated false information, (2) the defendant intended or should have recognized that the plaintiff would likely be imperiled by action taken in reliance upon his misrepresentation, and that (3) the plaintiff reasonably relied upon the false information to his detriment." Ponder v. Chase Home Fin., LLC, 865 F.Supp.2d 13, 20 (D.D.C.2012) (citing Hall v. Ford Enterprises, Ltd., 445 A.2d 610, 612 (D.C.1982)). Likewise, though, a negligent misrepresentation claim may lie in a contract dispute only " when there are facts separable from the terms of the contract upon which the tort may independently rest and when there is a duty independent of that arising out of the contract itself, so that an action for breach of contract would reach none of the damages suffered by the tort."
Choharis v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 961 A.2d 1080, 1088-89 (D.C.2008) ; see also Plesha v. Ferguson, 725 F.Supp.2d 106, 112-13 (D.D.C.2010) (citing Choharis ).
In this case, Henok claims that Shapiro and Chase were negligent or made negligent misrepresentations by entering his address incorrectly on the notice of foreclosure sale, failing to state in the notice the specific amount of costs and fees due in addition to the balance owed on the note, and certifying in the trustees' deed after foreclosure that the notice of foreclosure was sent to Henok's last known address. Am. Compl., Counts 2, 14, 19, 22, 23. However, Henok does not allege any facts to establish any duty independent of the contractual relationship created by the mortgage documents, or facts separable from the terms of those documents upon which the torts may independently rest. Therefore, amending the complaint to add the negligence and negligent misrepresentation claims would be futile.
A plaintiff claiming fraud under D.C. law must prove the existence of " (1) a false representation (2) in reference to material fact, (3) made with knowledge of its falsity, (4) with the intent to deceive, and (5) action is taken in reliance upon the representation." Busby, 772 F.Supp.2d at 275 (quoting Fort Lincoln Civic Ass'n, Inc. v. Fort Lincoln New Town Corp., 944 A.2d 1055, 1074 n. 22 (D.C.2008)). " A claim for fraud may be founded on a false representation or a willful omission." Cordoba Initiative Corp. v. Deak, 900 F.Supp.2d 42, 47, 2012 WL 5285132, at *2 (D.D.C.2012) (citing McWilliams Ballard, Inc. v. Broadway Mgmt. Co., 636 F.Supp.2d 1, 5 (D.D.C.2009)). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 9(b) requires the claimant to " state with particularity the circumstances constituting fraud [.]" Fed.R.Civ.P. 9(b). This rule requires the claimant to specifically plead " matters such as the time, place and content of the false [representations], the misrepresented fact and what the opponent retained or the claimant lost as a consequence of the alleged fraud." Busby, 772 F.Supp.2d at 275-76 (citing United States ex rel. Williams v. Martin-Baker Aircraft Co., 389 F.3d 1251, 1256 (D.C.Cir.2004)). The plaintiff must have suffered " ‘ some injury as a consequence of his reliance on the misrepresentation.’ " Howard Univ. v. Watkins, 857 F.Supp.2d 67, 75 (D.D.C.2012) (quoting Chedick v. Nash, 151 F.3d 1077, 1081 (D.C.Cir.1998)).
Henok's amended complaint states that Chase falsely represented that it was the note holder at the time of foreclosure and that the foreclosure was advertised. Am. Compl., Counts 10, 17, 18. Henok also accuses Chase and Shapiro of engaging in a scheme to defraud him by falsely stating that they sent him at his current address a notice of foreclosure, continuing to foreclose his property, and selling the property knowing that the sale was void. Id., Counts 15, 19, 21. However, Henok fails to meet the heightened requirements of Rule 9 by supporting his conclusory allegations with sufficient facts, and " the Court need not accept inferences drawn by plaintiff if those inferences are not supported by the facts set out in the complaint, nor must the court accept legal conclusions cast as factual allegations." Hettinga v. United States, 677 F.3d 471, 476 (D.C.Cir.2012) (citing Kowal v. MCI Communic'ns Corp., 16 F.3d 1271, 1276 (D.C.Cir.1994)). In particular, Henok does not provide facts to support the defendants' intent to deceive or the actions he took in reasonable reliance on the representations, some of which he does not even claim to have received. Because Henok
does not plead fraud fully, or with particularity, amending the complaint to add the fraud claims would be futile.
V. WRONGFUL FORECLOSURE UNDER D.C. LAW
Under D.C.Code § 42-815(b), " a borrower in default is entitled to advance written notice of a foreclosure sale." Diaby v. Bierman, 795 F.Supp.2d 108, 113 (D.D.C.2011). This notice must provide, among other things, the name and address of the holder and an accurate amount to cure the default and reinstate the loan. Id. at 113-14. " [F]ailure to provide an accurate cure amount may give rise to an action for wrongful foreclosure." Id. at 114. Henok alleges that the defendants failed to provide him a proper notice of foreclosure under this statute which applies only when at least one of the dwellings covered by the mortgage is " the principal place of abode of the debtor or his immediate family." D.C.Code § 42-815.01(a) (2001). Although Henok characterizes the mortgage as a " residential mortgage[,]" Am. Compl. ¶ 7, Henok does not allege or provide any factual support to show that the property was his principal place of abode or that his immediate family lived in the property. Henok does not state a claim for relief under this statute.
VI. FAILURE TO RESPOND UNDER FEDERAL LAW
Henok also alleges that Chase and Shapiro were required under RESPA to respond to his written requests for the cure amount prior to foreclosure. Am. Compl., Count 25. RESPA provides that if the loan servicer receives a " qualified written request" from the borrower for information about his loan, the servicer is required to provide " a written response acknowledging receipt of the correspondence within 20 days[.]" 12 U.S.C. § 2605(e)(1)(A). A " qualified written request" is defined as a " written correspondence" which includes " the name and account of the borrower" and " a statement of reasons for the belief of the borrower ... that the account is in error or provides sufficient detail to the servicer regarding other information sought by the borrower." 12 U.S.C. § 2605(e)(1)(B).
In this case, Henok attaches two letters addressed to Chase and two letters addressed to Shapiro. See Am. Compl., Exs. 1-4. These letters include the name of the plaintiff and the address of the property, and directly request specific information, namely, the amount to cure Henok's default. Id. Henok's factual allegations supported by the exhibits state a claim against Chase, the loan servicer, under 12 U.S.C. § 2605(e) for failure to respond to borrower inquiries. Therefore, leave will be granted to amend the complaint to add this claim as to Chase.
VII. REMAINING CLAIMS
Henok argues that the trustees' deed which conveyed the property at the foreclosure sale did not conform to the formal requisites of an instrument under D.C.Code § 42-404. Am. Compl., Count 20. Henok does not explain which formal requisite he believes is lacking. D.C.Code §§ 42-403, 404 (2001). In any event, a defective instrument is effective unless it is challenged in court within six months after it is recorded. D.C.Code § 42-403 (2001) (stating that any instrument " shall be effective
notwithstanding the existence of 1 or more of the failures in the formal requisites listed in § 42-404, unless the failure is challenged in a judicial proceeding commenced within 6 months after the instrument is recorded" ). Because the deed was recorded in 2010, Henok's challenge over two years later is untimely, and he therefore does not state a claim for relief under this statute.
Henok further claims that the trustees' deed was issued on December 10, 2010, beyond a statutory deadline of 30 days after the foreclosure sale. Am. Compl., Count 16. Henok may be relying on D.C.Code § 47-1431 which provides that
[w]ithin 30 days after ... an economic interest in real property is transferred, ... all transferees of, and all holders of the security interest in, real property shall record a fully acknowledged copy of the deed ... with the Recorder of Deeds of the District of Columbia.
D.C.Code § 47-1431(a) (2001). However, Henok has not carried his burden of showing that there is a private right of action for damages under this statute. See Koker, 915 F.Supp.2d at 62-63, 2013 WL 40320, at *7 (granting the defendants' motion to dismiss the claim under § 47-1431 because the statute does not expressly confer a private right of action and the plaintiff provided " no analysis on the point and simply assume[d] that she may sue for a violation of the statute" ). Further, in this case, the trustees' deed, a copy of which Henok attached to his proposed amended complaint, factually disproves his claim. The trustees' deed reflects that it was issued, signed and sealed on December 10, 2009, id., Ex. 6, within the 30-day period after the November 18, 2009 foreclosure sale, and this claim would not survive a motion to dismiss.
Finally, Henok alleges, with no supporting authority, that the foreclosure sale is void because the October 15, 2009 notice of foreclosure expired 30 days later, before the November 18, 2009 foreclosure sale occurred. Am. Compl., Count 24. However, Henok misreads the notice of foreclosure. Whatever its legal significance, the notice dates its expiration from the foreclosure sale date, and not from the date of the notice of foreclosure, and it did not expire before the sale. In sum, none of Henok's remaining claims provides grounds for relief.
CONCLUSION AND ORDER
Because the proposed amended complaint pleads sufficient facts alleging that written notice was not provided as required by the mortgage instruments and that Chase failed to respond to Henok's qualified written requests under 12 U.S.C. § 2605(e), the amended complaint states claims for relief against Chase for breach of contract and failure to respond. However, Henok does not plead facts to state breach of fiduciary duty, negligence, negligent misrepresentation, fraud, and wrongful foreclosure claims. Accordingly, it is hereby
ORDERED that plaintiff's motion  for leave to amend the complaint be, and hereby is, GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART. The Clerk is directed to file as the amended complaint the attachment to the plaintiff's motion for leave to amend the complaint. However, the motion to amend is granted as to the breach of contract claims in Counts 1, 4 through 9, 12 and 13, and the RESPA statutory claim against Chase in Count 25, but is denied as to Henok's claims of breach of fiduciary duty, negligence, negligent misrepresentation, fraud, wrongful foreclosure, RESPA violations by Shapiro, improprieties regarding the trustees' deed and notice of
foreclosure, and Shapiro's failure to respond in Counts 1 through 3, 9 through 11, and 14 through 25. It is further
ORDERED that defendants' motions [20, 23] for judgment on the pleadings be, and hereby are, DENIED AS MOOT.