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United States v. Robinson

United States District Court, District of Columbia

July 10, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
ENDEJA HASSAN ROBINSON, and RUSSELL STANLEY III, Defendants

For ENDEJA HASSAN ROBINSON, Defendant: Carlos J. Vanegas, LEAD ATTORNEY, FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER, Washington, DC.

For USA, Plaintiff: Angela S. George, LEAD ATTORNEY, U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, Criminal Division, Washington, DC; Debra L. Long-Doyle, LEAD ATTORNEY, U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington, DC.

OPINION

AMY BERMAN JACKSON, United States District Judge.

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Before the Court is the government's Motion for Emergency Review and Appeal

Page 226

of a Magistrate Judge in this court's order authorizing defendant Endeja Robinson's release. " If a person is ordered released by a magistrate judge, . . . the attorney for the Government may file, with the court having original jurisdiction over the offense, a motion for revocation of the order or amendment of the conditions of release." 18 U.S.C. § 3145(a)(1). The Court reviews the magistrate judge's determination de novo. United States v. Beauchamp-Perez, 822 F.Supp.2d 7, 9 (D.D.C. 2011); United States v. Burdette, 813 F.Supp.2d 1, 2 (D.D.C. 2011); United States v. Hudspeth, 143 F.Supp.2d 32, 36 (D.D.C. 2001).

BACKGROUND

Defendant was arrested on June 28, 2013, and he has been in custody since tat date. See Arrest Warrant Returned [Dkt. # 4]; Minute Order (June 28, 2013). The indictment charges: (1) conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute one kilogram or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of Phencyclidine (PCP) in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846; (2) attempted unlawful possession with intent to distribute one kilogram or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of PCP in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) and § 841(b)(1)(A)(iv), and aiding and abetting and causing an act to be done in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2; (3) unlawful use of a communication facility to facilitate the commission of a drug felony in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 843(b); and (4) criminal forfeiture under 21 U.S.C. § 853(a) and (p). See Indictment [Dkt. # 1]. The government moved to detain defendant without bail pending trial. See Minute Order (July 2, 2013). On July 2, 2013, the Magistrate Judge denied the motion, and ordered that defendant be released into the Pretrial Services Agency's High Intensity Supervision Program with electronic monitoring and placed on home detention for twenty-one days. See Release to PSA's High Intensity Supervision Program [Dkt. # 6].

The government promptly moved to reverse the Magistrate Judge's order denying pre-trial detention without bail and moved for a stay of the release order pending the resolution of its appeal. Mot. for Emergency Review and Appeal of Release Order (" Govt.'s Mot." ) [Dkt. # 5] at 1. On July 2, 2013, this Court held a hearing on the government's motion. For the reasons below, the Court grants the government's motion to reverse the Magistrate Judge's order. Defendant shall be held without bail pending trial.

LEGAL STANDARD

A judicial officer shall order the detention of a criminal defendant before trial if, after a detention hearing, " the judicial officer finds that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of any other person and the community." 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e)(1). There is a rebuttable presumption that a defendant should be detained before trial if the court finds probable cause to believe that the defendant has committed " an offense for which a maximum term of imprisonment of ten years or more is prescribed in the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.). . . ." 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e)(3)(A). In such a case, the court will " presume[] that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of the community." Id. § 3142(e)(3). " The defendant may rebut this presumption by offering 'credible evidence' to the contrary." Burdette, 813 F.Supp.2d at 3, citing United States v. Alatishe, 768 F.2d 364, 371, 247 U.S.App. D.C. 247 (D.C. Cir. 1985).

Page 227

To determine whether there are conditions of release that will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of the community, the judicial officer should consider: (1) the nature and circumstances of the offense charged; (2) the weight of the evidence against the person; (3) the history and characteristics of the person, including the person's past conduct and criminal history; and (4) the nature and seriousness ...


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