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Wilson v. Porreco

United States District Court, District Circuit

September 13, 2013

RONALD C. WILSON, Plaintiff,



This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Ronald Wilson’s (“Wilson”) Motion to Retax Costs and Reverse Clerk’s Partial Grant of Defendant’s Bill of Costs. (Dkt. No. 68). Following a jury verdict in his favor, Defendant Steven Porreco (“Porreco”) filed a Bill of Costs on May 23, 2013, seeking costs in the amount of $1, 236.80. (Dkt. No. 65). On May 29, 2013, Wilson submitted his opposition, arguing that Porreco’s request should be denied as untimely under Local Civil Rule 54.1, and that, at a minimum, Porreco’s claimed costs should be reduced by $35.00. (See Dkt. No. 66). Upon review, the Deputy Clerk of Court entered costs in Porreco’s favor on August 9, 2013, in the total amount of $1, 201.80, which included the $35.00 reduction sought by Wilson. (See Dkt. No. 67). One week later, on August 16, 2013, Wilson filed his Motion to Retax, protesting that Porreco should not have recovered any costs at all. Porreco then filed a timely opposition to Wilson’s motion on August 23, 2013, and Wilson apparently elected not to file any reply brief. The matter is now ripe for decision, and upon review of the parties’ briefing, the entire record in this action, and the governing authorities, the Court concludes, for the reasons that briefly follow, that Wilson’s Motion to Retax will be GRANTED.

Subject to certain exceptions not relevant here, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d) provides that “costs—other than attorney’s fees—should be allowed to the prevailing party.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(d)(1). Though “the general proposition is that the prevailing party is entitled to costs . . . as of course, ” it is well established that “the allowance, disallowance, or apportionment of costs is in the sound discretion of the district court.” Moore v. Nat’l Ass’n of Sec. Dealers, Inc., 762 F.2d 1093, 1107 (D.C. Cir. 1985). Under this Court’s Local Rules, “a review of the decision of the Clerk in the taxation of costs may be taken to the court on a motion to retax, ” in response to which the Court, “for good cause shown may tax additional costs or may deny costs allowed by the Clerk.” LCvR 54.1(e). However, the D.C. Circuit has made clear that “a court may neither deny nor reduce a prevailing party’s request for costs without first articulating some good reason for doing so.” Baez v. U.S. Dep’t of Justice, 684 F.2d 999, 1004 (D.C. Cir. 1982) (en banc) (per curiam).

Wilson’s principal argument for reversal of the Clerk’s entry of costs is one of timeliness. According to Wilson, Porreco simply filed his Bill of Costs too late. Though the Federal Rules do not specify when a bill of costs must be filed, this Court’s Local Rules provide that “[a] bill of costs must be filed within 21 days after entry of judgment terminating the case as to the party seeking costs, unless the time is extended by the court.” LCvR 54.1(a). The Clerk entered judgment in this case on April 17, 2013, Wilson points out, which means that Porreco’s deadline to file for costs was 21 days later, on May 8, 2013. See Id . Yet Porreco did not seek entry of costs until May 23, 2013—36 days after judgment was entered against Wilson. Seizing on this delay, Wilson urges the Court to reverse the Clerk’s entry of costs and to deny Porreco’s application for costs in its entirety.

For his part, Porreco rejoins that he did timely seek costs in accordance with the Court’s Local Rules, at least when one takes into account the impact of Wilson’s Rule 59(e) motion for post-trial relief. In so arguing, Porreco is essentially making a tolling argument, contending that Wilson’s filing of a Rule 59(e) motion tolled the Local Rule 54.1 deadline to tax costs. While the D.C. Circuit has not, at least to this Court’s knowledge, had occasion to address this particular issue, other courts seem to have held accordingly. See, e.g., Members First Fed. Credit Union v. Members First Credit Union of Fla., 244 F.3d 806, 807 (11th Cir. 2001) (per curiam) (explaining that a timely Rule 59 motion “suspend[s] the finality of the district court’s judgment, ” such that the deadline to seek costs under local rule was suspended pending resolution of the Rule 59 motion); see also Scottsdale Ins. Co. v. Tolliver, No. 04-cv-227, 2009 WL 523108, at *2 (N.D. Okla. Mar. 2, 2009) (“[T]he deadline to file a motion for costs under Rule 54(d) is tolled upon the filing of a timely Rule 50 or Rule 59 motion.”). But assuming that this Court were to adopt a similar approach—concluding that a timely Rule 59 motion tolls the 21-day deadline to seek costs under Local Rule 54.1—such tolling would be inappropriate under the facts of this case.

It is true, as Porreco emphasizes, that Wilson filed a post-trial Rule 59 motion, and it is equally true that Porreco filed his costs bill only one day after the Court ruled upon (and denied) Wilson’s Rule 59 motion. See Wilson v. Porreco, No. 11-cv-1113, 2013 WL 2250048 (D.D.C. May 22, 2013). But the problem with Porreco’s argument is that, by the time Wilson filed his Rule 59 motion on May 15, 2013, Porreco’s deadline to seek costs had already lapsed one week prior, on May 8, 2013. [2] In other words, there was no viable time period left to toll. The Court might reach a different result if Wilson had filed his Rule 59 motion prior to May 8—i.e., within the available window to seek costs under the Court’s Local Rules—but this is not that case. Porreco’s Local Rule 54.1(a) filing deadline came and went on May 8, 2013, and the Court disagrees that Wilson’s subsequent Rule 59 motion somehow resuscitated Porreco’s ability to seek costs.

Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Wilson’s Motion to Retax, denying the imposition of any costs against Wilson under Federal Rule 54 and Local Civil Rule 54.1. [3]


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