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United States v. Slatten

United States District Court, District of Columbia

February 18, 2014

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
NICOLAS A. SLATTEN, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM OPINION

ROYCE C. LAMBERTH, District Judge.

Before the Court is defendant Nicolas Slatten's Motion [315] to Dismiss the Indictment. The question this Court faces is whether the Court of Appeals upheld or reversed an earlier dismissal of an indictment as to Slatten. The parties agree that if the Court of Appeals upheld the dismissal, then the indictment before the Court now is untimely and must be dismissed on statute of limitations grounds, but that if the Court of Appeals reversed the earlier dismissal, that tolled the statute and Slatten is still a party to the case.

For the following reasons, the Court finds that the Court of Appeals reversed the earlier indictment, and Slatten's motion is therefore DENIED.

I. BACKGROUND

On December 31, 2009, Judge Urbina dismissed the indictment as to all five defendants:

For the reasons stated in the court's Memorandum Opinion separately and contemporaneously issued this 31st day of December, 2009, it is hereby
ORDERED that the defendants' motion to dismiss the indictment based on the government's violations of Kastigar and Garrity is GRANTED; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED that the indictment is dismissed against all defendants; and it is
ORDERED that the government's motion to dismiss the indictment against defendant Slatten without prejudice is DENIED as moot.

ECF No. 218. While the Government had also moved to dismiss the indictment as to only Slatten, conceding that it was deficient, Judge Urbina denied that motion as moot. Id. The Government appealed from the judgment, naming Slatten as one of the parties on appeal. ECF No. 235. On appeal, the Court of Appeals' judgment stated, "[i]t is ORDERED and ADJUDGED that the judgment of the District Court appealed from in this cause is hereby vacated and the case is remanded, in accordance with the opinion of the court filed herein this date." (Judgment of the Court of Appeals dated April 22, 2011.) In its opinion, the Court of Appeals wrote, "We reverse and remand as to four of the defendants; the government itself moved to dismiss the indictment against Nicholas Slatten, without prejudice to possible later re-indictment, and the district court's grant of the motion has taken Slatten out of the case for now." United States v. Slough, 641 F.3d 544, 547 (D.C. Cir. 2011). The parties now dispute how to interpret the Court of Appeals' mandate as to Slatten.

II. ANALYSIS

Under the mandate rule, "[a] trial court is without power to do anything which is contrary to either the letter or spirit of the mandate construed in the light of the opinion of [the] court deciding the case." Yabloonski v. United Mine Workers of Am., 454 F.2d 1036, 1038 (D.C. Cir. 1971) (internal quotation marks omitted). In this case, both the letter and spirit of the Court of Appeals' mandate support the Government's position that defendant Slatten is a party to the case.

a. The letter of the mandate shows that Slatten remains a party.

The only ambiguity in Court of Appeals judgment is what was the judgment appealed from. The Government's briefs on appeal make clear that the judgment appealed from included the dismissal of Slatten's indictment. Even though the Government conceded that Slatten's indictment was deficient, Judge Urbina found that it was deficient on broader grounds than the Government sought ...


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