United States District Court, D. Columbia.
May 22, 2014
LATONYA BOOSE, Plaintiff,
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Defendant
For Latonya Boose, Plaintiff: Nicholas Ryan Ostrem, The Ostrem Firm, LLC, Arlington, VA.
RICHARD J. LEON, United States District Judge.
Plaintiff Latonya Boose (" plaintiff" ) filed this action on behalf of her minor child, A.G., against the District of Columbia (" defendant" ) on March 8, 2013 seeking injunctive and declaratory relief under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1400 et seq. (" IDEA" ). See Complaint (" Compl." ) at ¶ 1 [Dkt. #1]. Now before the Court are the parties' Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment. See Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment (" Pl.'s Mot." ) [Dkt. #10]; Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (" Def.'s Mot." ) [Dkt. #11]. Upon consideration of the parties' pleadings, the entire record in this case, and relevant law, the Court DENIES plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment and GRANTS defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment.
A.G. attended Kimball Elementary School (" Kimball" ) for kindergarten--during the 2011-2012 school year--and first grade--during the 2012-2013 school year. See Compl. at ¶ 9. During the 2011-2012 school year, A.G. exhibited a number of problematic behaviors in the classroom. See Compl. at ¶ ¶ 10-12; Administrative Record (" AR" ) at 15, 28 [Dkt. #8]. A.G. continued to exhibit disruptive behavior at the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year. See Compl. at ¶ ¶ 21-25; AR at 30-31. On September 10, 2012, A.G.'s homeroom teacher completed a National Initiative for Children's Healthcare Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (" Vanderbilt Assessment" ), which is a screening assessment for Attention Deficit Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Oppositional Defiance Disorder, and Anxiety/Depression. See Compl. at ¶ ¶ 19-20;
AR at 30-32. Despite the academic and behavior problems noted on the Vanderbilt Assessment in September, A.G.'s behavior and academic performance improved as the 2012-2013 school year progressed. See AR at 9.
On September 26, 2012, however, plaintiff filed an administrative Due Process Complaint Notice alleging that DCPS had failed " to identify, locate, and evaluate a student with a suspected disability," or in the alternative, that DCPS failed " to timely identify, locate, and evaluate a student with a suspected disability." See AR at 36-41 (emphasis added). During an October 23, 2012 meeting aimed at resolving the dispute, DCPS offered to " conduct a Comprehensive Psychological Evaluation and Functional Behavior Assessment," of A.G. and to " convene an [individualized education program] meeting to review the Independent Evaluation, and discuss eligibility." See AR at 70. Plaintiff rejected DCPS's offer. See id.
On December 3, 2012, the Office of the State Superintendent of Education's Student Hearing Office held an administrative hearing on plaintiff's Due Process claims. See AR at 106. The Hearing Officer issued her decision (" HOD" ) on December 8, 2012, dismissing plaintiff's administrative complaint with prejudice. See AR at 10. The Hearing Officer concluded that plaintiff had failed to meet her burden of proof to show that DCPS violated the " child find" provision of the IDEA, noting that although A.G. began kindergarten and first grade unsatisfactorily, his academics and behavioral performance had improved over the course of both school years. See AR at 9-10.
Following a formal request from plaintiff asking DCPS to evaluate A.G. for potential special education services, DCPS provided a comprehensive psychological evaluation on February 1, 2013. See Ex. A to Pl.'s Mot. at 2 [Dkt. #10-3]; Ex. B to Pl.'s Mot. at 1 [Dkt. #10-4]. A multidisciplinary team (" MDT" ) met and determined that A.G. was eligible for special education services, but that compensatory education was not warranted. See Ex. C to Pl.'s Mot. at 3-4 [Dkt. #10-5]. The MDT also developed an Individualized Education Plan (" IEP" ) for A.G. See id.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Defendant moves for summary judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56. Summary judgment is proper where the pleadings, stipulations, affidavits. and admissions in a case show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986). The court must accept as true the evidence of, and draw " all justifiable inferences" in favor of the party opposing summary judgment. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986). A genuine issue exists only where " the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party." Id. at 248.
When a party challenges an administrative decision under the IDEA, the court " shall receive the records of the administrative proceedings . . . shall hear additional evidence at the request of a party; and . . . basing its decision on the preponderance of the evidence, shall grant such relief as the court determines is appropriate." 20 U.S.C. § § 1415(i)(2)(C)(i)-(iii). The standard of review under the IDEA " is less deferential than that applied under the traditional substantial evidence test used in ordinary administrative review cases." Scorah v. District of Columbia, 322 F.Supp.2d 12, 18 (D.D.C. 2004) (citing Kerkam v. McKenzie, 862 F.2d 884, 887, 274 U.S. App.D.C. 139 (D.C. Cir. 1988) and Kroot v. District of Columbia, 800 F.Supp. 976, 981 (D.D.C. 1992)).
Defendant argues that plaintiff's claims are moot, and thus must be dismissed. See Def.'s Mot. at 10-12. Article III of the Constitution permits the courts to adjudicate only " actual, ongoing controversies." Honig v. Doe, 484 U.S. 305, 317, 108 S.Ct. 592, 98 L.Ed.2d 686 (1988); District of Columbia v. Doe, 611 F.3d 888, 894, 391 U.S. App.D.C. 388 (D.C. Cir. 2010). A case is moot, and " a federal court [should] refrain from deciding it if events have so transpired that the decision will neither presently affect the parties' rights nor have a more-than-speculative chance of affecting them in the future." Clarke v. United States, 915 F.2d 699, 701, 286 U.S. App.D.C. 256 (D.C. Cir. 1990) (internal quotations and citation omitted). That is exactly the situation here.
Plaintiff seeks redress for alleged violations by DCPS of the " child find" provision of the IDEA. See Compl. at ¶ ¶ 29-30, 34-35. If it were granted, such redress from this Court would consist of an order requiring DCPS to evaluate A.G. in order to determine his eligibility for special education and other related services. However, since December 8, 2012, when the HOD was issued, DCPS has conducted a comprehensive psychological evaluation of A.G., after which an MDT determined that A.G. was eligible for special education. Moreover, by March 11, 2013, DCPS developed an IEP for A.G., which plaintiff has not challenged. Indeed, the fact that plaintiff has not challenged the IEP developed by DCPS for seven months supports a strong inference that she fully approves of the services A.G. is receiving.
Thus, as " events have so transpired that the decision will neither presently affect the parties' rights nor have a more-than-speculative chance of affecting them in the future," this Court can find no remaining justiciable issue in this case, and plaintiff's claim must therefore fail as moot. Clarke, 915 F.2d at 701.
Accordingly, for all of the foregoing reasons, the Court DENIES plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment and GRANTS defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. An Order consistent with this decision accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.
For the reasons set forth in the Memorandum Opinion accompanying this Order, it is hereby
ORDERED that plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment  is DENIED, and it is further
ORDERED that defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment  is GRANTED. and it is further
ORDERED that the above-captioned case is DISMISSED with prejudice.