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Hudson v. American Federation of Government Employees

United States District Court, District of Columbia

July 12, 2019

EUGENE HUDSON, JR., Plaintiff,



         Seeing a storm brewing on the horizon, Plaintiff Eugene Hudson retained the legal services of Beins, Axelrod, P.C. When the squall indeed struck - Defendant American Federation of Government Employees removed Hudson from his post as National Secretary-Treasurer following an ethics complaint - Plaintiffs attorneys filed suit in this Court. Over the last two or so years, Hudson and his counsel have proceeded together along the winding path of litigation. Now, however, they stand at a crossroads. Citing a breakdown in their relationship, Hudson's attorneys seek to withdraw from his representation, leaving the case to another attorney from a separate firm who has since joined Plaintiff's team. Hudson insists that they stay on. Seeing no possibility for undue delay or unfair prejudice to Plaintiff, the Court will grant the attorneys' request and permit them to withdraw.

         I. Background

         Any reader curious about Hudson's disputes with AFGE can turn to a nearly bottomless trove of prior Opinions on the subject. See, e.g., Hudson v. AFGE, 318 F.Supp.3d 7, 9-10 (D.D.C. 2018); Hudson v. AFGE, 308 F.Supp. 3d 121, 123-26 (D.D.C. 2018); Hudson v. AFGE, 292 F.Supp.3d 145, 149-52 (D.D.C. 2017), vacated by Jan. 12, 2018, Minute Order; Hudson v. AFGE, 281 F.Supp.3d 11, 12-13 (D.D.C. 2017). Believing in the value of brevity, the Court will limit its discussion here to an overview of the case's procedural history, which is all that is necessary to tee up the issue at hand.

         On September 12, 2017, Hudson, represented by Jonathan Axelrod and Justin Keating of Beins, Axelrod, P.C., filed suit against AFGE. See ECF No. 1 (Compl.) at 20. In a nutshell, he asserted that his termination as NST ran afoul of rights and protections afforded by two labor-law statutes. Id, ¶¶ 56-98. The docket has since been anything but quiet. AFGE's two motions to dismiss are outnumbered only by Plaintiff s three motions for preliminary injunction, all of which the Court has now addressed. The case has gone up on appeal and returned, after Plaintiff withdrew the count that had served as the basis of this Court's preliminary injunction. See Jan. 12, 2018, Minute Order; Hudson v. AFGE, 2018 WL 4610740, at *1 (D.C. Cir. 2018). Thereafter, seeking a more amicable resolution, the parties even tried their hands at mediation, only to come back to court with their grievances unresolved. They have since started discovery, and Plaintiff has also moved to file another amended complaint. That motion remains pending.

         While all this was happening, a second case wound along a parallel path. On October 10, 2017 - just one month, nearly to the day, after his labor-law suit - Hudson filed another complaint against AFGE, this time alleging race-based discrimination in violation of Title VII. See Case No. 17-2094, ECF No. 1 (Title VII Compl.). The allegations of misconduct he asserted there spanned from 2012 up to and through his termination. Id, ¶¶ 19-43. After Hudson defeated part of a motion to dismiss, that case proceeded to discovery on a narrowed complaint. See Hudson v. AFGE, 308 F.Supp.3d 388, 396 (D.D.C. 2018). Plaintiff is represented there by Marlene Denise Morten of Unfoldment Law Offices.

         At some point, the attorneys' work on these two cases began to bleed together. Although the Court only referred the first case to mediation, the parties opted to include both cases in their discussion. See ECF No. 62 (Mediation Joint Status Report). Then, more significantly, Attorney Morten signed an amended complaint in this case, see ECF Nos. 64 & 76, which, under the Local Rules, effectuates her official appearance in this matter. See LCvR 83.6(a) (stating that eligible attorney enters appearance “by signing any pleading described in Fed.R.Civ.P. 7(a)”) (emphasis added); Fed.R.Civ.P. 7(a)(1) (listing complaint). She has since submitted multiple filings on Hudson's behalf. See ECF Nos. 65, 68, 73, 74, 80, 82, 85.

         As it turns out, not all was smooth behind the scenes. On May 23, 2019, Attorneys Axelrod and Keating moved to withdraw from their representation of Hudson in this case. As a basis, they cited both an untenable working relationship with their new co-counsel and a breakdown in communication with their client. Plaintiff, acting on his own behalf, opposed the Motion. Both parties expanded on their initial public filings with more robust submissions filed under seal. Such sealing, as should be evident, protects any discussion of legal strategy or work product leaking to the defense. Having carefully read both Hudson's and his attorneys' briefs and attached exhibits, the Court is now prepared to resolve the dispute.

         II. Legal Standard

         When an attorney takes on a representation, she generally assumes “an obligation to see the work through.” Laster v. District of Columbia, 460 F.Supp.2d 111, 113 (D.D.C. 2006). This duty, however, is not absolute. In the District of Columbia, Local Rule 83.6 governs the circumstances in which counsel may withdraw from a client's representation prior to the case's resolution. See Sabre Int'l Sec. v. Torres Advanced Enterprise Solutions, LLC, 219 F.Supp.3d 155, 157 (D.D.C. 2016). This rule provides that when, as here, the client does not consent, withdrawal can only be effectuated through order of the court following a formal motion. See LCvR 83.6(c). The decision to grant such motion “is committed to the discretion of the district court.” Byrd v. District of Columbia, 271 F.Supp.2d 174, 176 (D.D.C. 2003). Guided by the Local Rule, the Court may deny a motion “if the withdrawal would unduly delay trial of the case, or be unfairly prejudicial to any party, or otherwise not be in the interest of justice.” LCvR 83.6(d). Salient factors in this determination include “the length of time the case has been pending, the time it would take for the party to find and secure new counsel” - if it has not already secured a replacement - “and the degree of financial burden counsel would undergo if he continued to represent the party in the case.” Sabre Int'l Sec., 219 F.Supp.3d at 158.

         III. Analysis

         One item of housekeeping is in order before jumping in. As just mentioned, the Court has permitted both Hudson and his attorneys to file their explanations and oppositions under seal. This Opinion, however, is public. Hewing to the sanctity of the attorney-client privilege, the Court will speak only in generalities when discussing this Motion's precipitating events, keeping any particulars concerning litigation strategy or confidential information from public light.

         The bottom line here, however, can be conveyed with little detail. Attorneys Axelrod and Keating believe that they have reached an impasse with their client. Not only do they diverge on litigation strategy, but they also claim to have lost the trust and communication that serve as the basis of a productive attorney-client relationship. That relationship, they say, is now irreconcilably broken. They assert that the same is true for the relationship with their now co-counsel, Attorney Morten. Adding a belt to these suspenders, Axelrod and Keating also hint at a possible fee dispute with Hudson and contend that they cannot afford to continue on the present track. Such representations regarding their relationship with their client - not to mention financial difficulty - provide more than adequate grounds to withdraw, provided that the attorneys' departure would not result in undue delay or unfair prejudice. See, e.g., Sabre Int'l Sec., 219 F.Supp.3d at 158 (noting attorneys' claim of “breakdown in communications” and “irreconcilable differences” with client); Laster, 460 F.Supp.2d at 112 (permitting withdrawal based on representation that “client relationship is irretrievably broken”); Partridge v. Am. Hosp. Mgmt. Co., LLC, 289 F.Supp.3d 1, 24 (D.D.C. 2017) (permitting withdrawal based on attorney's “‘deteriorating relationship' with his clients” and “his clients' purported failure to pay for legal services”).

         Hudson, in his Opposition to the Motion, sets forth a different account from that of his attorneys. He sees the facts that led to the deterioration of their relationship in a fundamentally different light, one - perhaps unsurprisingly - that places more blame on the shoulders of his counsel. In doing so, he evinces serious displeasure with them. Hudson doubles down in an additional declaration filed pro se and ...

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